Through oppression of female gender stereotypes, victims of both genders have suffered through the socialization process when it comes to sexual assault and rape cases. This paper will aim to answer how traditional gender roles affect themes of sexual assault and rape in the court system. There tends to be a strong stigmatization between a potential victim and a significant reason for the negative perceptions people have towards victims. Through a feminist lens this paper will discuss the historical development of rape and sexual assault, men as victims and the act of victim blaming in today’s society. The Male Victim There has been numerous feminist researchers and activists which have pointed to rape and sexual assault as being a ‘women’s issue’ (Javaid, 2014).
It includes not only sexual assault and rape, but also harassment, such as forcing a partner to have sex with other people, pursuing sexual activity when the victim is not fully conscious or is afraid to say no, hurting partner physically during sex and coercing partner to have sex without protection / sabotaging birth control. (Waithayawongkorn et al., 2009) The effects of domestic violence against womenby intimate partners are the both of physically and emotionally from multiple traumas. These traumas can have various effects on the mind, body and spirit. It is natural to experience these, and acknowledging the effects can be an important first step in embarking on a process towards restoration and healing. Living with domestic violence can cause physical and emotional harm to women.
This theory chiefly focuses on that men are aggressive and use force throughout their lives. Which came from a patriarchy social system we had in place which held men in power in every aspect of life, from women and children, political power, control of property to the moral authority. Also, some patriarchy religious ideology love to take certain biblical verses and misused them ,and take them out of context. This promotes a model of power and control of the women and children in certain relationships , which manifest into domestic abuse (Pence & Paymar, 1993). The feminist theory obviously tries to find out the main principle of domestic abuse, and in doing so they see the root causes of domestic violence as the consequence of the outcome of us living in a society that aggressive behaviors are perpetrated by men, while the belief that women are socializing to be non-violent(Pence & Paymar, 1993).
Crimes against Women in Domestic and Public Places “A society that is unable to respect, protect and nurture its women and children loses its moral moorings and runs adrift.” Crime against Women means direct or indirect physical or mental cruelty to women. Crimes directed specifically against women and in which only women are victims are characterized as “crimes against women”. Women are put on high pedestal of goddess calling her “shaktirupa” on one hand, but in reality treated as a less human even. Irrespective of religion, culture and economic system, women suffer deprivation, humiliation and denial of basic human rights in almost all walks of life, everywhere, at every stage in varying degrees. Crime against women are growing day by day which are unbearable in every possible need.
All of this brings to life the women 's sense of fear and insecurity and an obstacle to the realization of their aspirations for equality. There are some types of violenceation against women which are mostly spread in Kyrgyzstan: Physical violence, sexual violence, cultural violence, verbal abuse, psychological violence. Physical, sexual and psychological violence occurring in the family, including battering, sexual abuse of female children in the family, violence related to dowry, marital rape, female genital mutilation female genital mutilation and other traditional practices harmful to women. In general the term "violence against women" means any perfect gender-based act of violence that results in, or is likely to harm the physical, sexual or psychological health or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or in private life. Other acts of violence against women include violation of the rights of women in situations of armed conflict, in particular murder, systematic rape, sexual slavery and forced pregnancy
Numerous women are assaulted in America, as well as all around the globe, and the worst part of this crime is that the women are the ones being rebuked for what happened to them. Victim blaming does not only happen in assaults against women, but also men who are also assaulted suffer the same accusations. So why is it that the victim’s of rape are blamed for something that was completely out of the victim 's control? Hayley Rose Horzepa states “Victim blaming however, is a huge part of our culture”. In this text Horzepa states people believe women are part of the cause of their raping.
The above scenarios are just a few examples of a worsening state of violence against women. Research also states that the common perpetrator of violence against women is their intimate partner; either husband or cohabited partner. “Violence against women is prevalent in society in the world. It is an expression of historically and culturally specific values and standard, which are executed today ‘through many social and political institutions that foster women’s subservience and discrimination against women and girls.” (UN, 1993) In Asia, violence against women is increasing quickly that takes a big effect not only on individual, family and home but also to the economy and productivity in region, officials and experts. In Vietnam, there were 30 percent of women reported physical, sexual or psychological harm.
The World Health Organization (WHO) defines violence against women as “any act of gender-based violence that results in serious physical, sexual or psycho-emotional impairment to women, occurring in public or private life”. The literature indicates that it is a universal crime. Also, it is a serious public health problem due to its high morbidity (Krug et al., 2002). Sexual violence has been defined in the World Report on Violence and Health as any sexual act, attempts to obtain a sexual act, or acts to traffic for sexual purposes, directed against a person using coercion, harassment or advances made by any person regardless of their relationship to the victim, in any setting, including but not limited to home and work (Jewkes et al., 2002).
Gender based violence (GBV) is an umbrella term as it encompasses all forms of violence which is directed against a person on the basis of his/her gender or sex. Almost all the societies and cultures suffer from gender based violence at micro or macro level. Gender based violence refers to the use of force for promoting the stratified gender relations (Schular, 1992). According to the ‘Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), Gender-based violence is “violence that is directed against a woman because she is a woman or that affects women disproportionately” (CEDAW GR 19, Article 3 Istanbul Convention). Violence against women is an indication of unequal power