The world population has reached 7 billion people. Of these, an estimated 230 million people or 5% of the world’s adult population abused drugs at least once in 2010 according to United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (2011). Approximately 27 million (0.6% of the world adult population) are problem drug users or drug addicts (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, 2011). Drug addicts require treatment. In 2009, 4.5 million people worldwide were receiving treatment for problems related to drug abuse, though the need is much higher.
INTRODUCTION Giardia Lamblia is a protozoan parasite. About 200 million people had infected in the world but this value just an estimate since that only 500 000 of new cases reported in a year. Previously, higher prevalence of occurance in the developing countries (20% and 30%) compare to developed countries (2% and 5%) (Wilson, 1984; Farthing, 1994).. Malaysia was considered as the developing country. Giardia lamblia may infect human through ingesting of it cysts. Hence, people with low hygiene and contaminated water supply have high risk of being infected.
21- One in every six patient is in hospital because of the treatment. 22- WHO studies shows that measles development in children increases after taking vaccination. 23- There are many medicines that have failed animal test but are very effective for humans. 24- Every year around 115 million animals are used in laboratory for experiments. 25- There are many drawbacks for example blood transfusion got delayed 200 years because of animal studies.
Enteritidis was responsible for the largest number of food-borne outbreaks, cases and deaths reported in the United States of America (Bean et al., 1997). In 2006, Salmonella was the main cause of reported outbreaks of food borne infection in the European Union (EU) ( Le Bouquin et al. (2010). In K.S.A. the reported cases of human salmonellosis has decreased from 1336 cases in 1990 and then increased gradually to reach 2197 cases in 1995 and decreased again to 1927 cases in the year 2001 (M.H,1990-2001).
According to a national survey conducted by PetSmart Charities, more than 1 in 3 recently acquired dog and cat owners have not spayed or neutered their pet. The biggest barriers to spay and neuter appears to be a lack of motivation, understanding of the importance and cost. Perhaps these national trends are reflected locally. In 2012, nearly 25 percent of cats and dogs that entered AWLA were from
More babies were born than ever before in 1946, that being 3.4 million, that 's a whopping twenty percent higher than its previous year. It went on to another 3.8 million babies born in 1947, another 3.9 million in 1952 and four million more every year until it finally began to taper off in 1962. That is enough friction to melt the sun if you will, so many as 76.4 million babies were born from 1946-1964 that they made up forty percent of the nations population and now were known as the baby boomers. There numerous theories to as why this great baby boom occurred, some say it was a deep desire for normality after sixteen years of depression and war. Others claim it was a plea to fight the scare of communism and to take over by shear numbers.
Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the leading cause of death worldwide since 1950s. In Malaysia, CHD is the number one cause of death which contributes 22.18% of deaths annually according to statistics from World Life Expectancy. CHD is the leading cause of death in United States for men and women. The statistics of The Heart Foundation have shown that every 33 seconds, someone in the United States dies from cardiovascular disease. For many years, CHD has been the leading cause of death globally.
Impacts of the Flu Vaccination Do you get your yearly flu shot? Well you may want to after knowing that the flu kills more Americans than any other vaccine preventable disease. It’s a virus mostly caused by influenza A and B, but can be spread through people, animals, and objects. Ever since the invention of the flu vaccine, only 5-20% of Americans catch the flu every year, way less than before it was invented when 40 million people were dying from it. That’s why the flu vaccination is such an important biological discovery and has had a positive social and economic impact on America.
Maternal mortality is a health indicator that shows the wide gaps between rich and poor, both between and within countries. Developing countries account for 99% of annual maternal deaths in the world. Women in Afghanistan have a lifetime risk of maternal death of 1 in 11, while a woman in Ireland has a risk of 1 in 17 800. Tuberculosis is a disease of poverty. Around 95% of TB deaths are in the developing world.
Dog flea control and management requires an integrated approach. For effective treatment both the host animal and the environment must be treated at the same time. Control of fleas on the pet generally requires the use of insecticides. Although flea combs can remove some fleas, combing should be thought of as a method for detecting fleas rather than removing them. If an animal is to be treated for other conditions besides fleas, such as expression of anal glands, these procedures should be done before the insecticide application to minimize insecticide contact with interior mucosal membranes.
A comparison of rates of diagnosis of diabetes mellitus by ethnicity and race disclosed that in 2010 the AAs diagnosed for diabetes were 13.2% of 29.1 million Americans (ADA, 2014). AA adults have the highest mortality rate from DM in individuals less than seventy years of age than other ethnic groups (Tancredi, et al., 2015). In 2010, diabetes mellitus has caused the deaths of 69,071 people in the United States with total percentage deaths of all males (48.2%) and females (51.4%). In 2013, their mortality rate accounted for 21.2 deaths per 100,000 populations (CDC, 2015). This alarming statistics have proven that AA adults at risk for T2DM are in a greater need for EB interventions that will be championed by the advanced practice nurses