The knee joint is one of the strongest and most important joints in the human body. It allows the lower leg to move relative to the thigh while supporting the body’s weight (Taylor, n.d.) as knee joint is one of the major weights bearing joint in the body. Knee joint plays an important role in our daily lives such as walking, running, sitting and standing. It allows physiological movement such as flexion and extension. The knee joint is also known as tibiofemoral joint. It is a synovial hinge joint formed between three bones which are the femur, tibia and patella (Taylor, n.d.). There are two rounded, convex processes which are known as condyles on the distal end of the femur. The distal end of the femur meets two rounded, concave condyles at the proximal end of the tibia (Tyalor, n.d.). A thick, triangular bone which is known as patella lies anterior surface between the femur and tibia.
Osteoarthritis is the most common arthritis. It is an incurable condition which affects your joints. The surface within the joints become joints become damaged which stops the joints moving smoothly.  The symptoms of this are:
recognized as a clinical entity. First identified by the Egyptians in 2640 BC, podagra (acute gout occurring in the first metatarsophalangeal joint) was later recognized by Hippocrates in the fifth century BC (Schwartz, 1886), who referred to it as 'the unwalkable disease '. Some of Hippocrates ' remarkable clinical perceptions in relation to gout are preserved in aphorisms, which are as true today as they were 2500 years ago (Galen et al., 1929). Hippocrates also noted the link between the disease and an intemperate lifestyle, referring to podagra as an 'arthritis of the rich ', as opposed to rheumatism, an arthritis of the poor. Six centuries later, Galen was the first to describe tophi, the crystallized monosodium urate deposits that can follow longstanding hyperuricemia. Galen associated gout with The first person to use the word 'gout ' to describe podagra (gutta quam podagram vel artiticam vocant – 'the gout that is called podagra or arthritis ') was the Dominican monk Randolphus of
When you hear the word “arthritis,” you may have a variety of images that appear in the back of your mind. An old man with his cane, crouched over in pain, or a little old lady who is not able to lift her hands high enough up so that she can brush her hair, so she hobbles into the salon to get her hair styled may be at the forefront of what you are seeing.
Robert Bayley Osgood was a professor of orthopedic surgery and chief of staff of the orthopedic department in a Boston hospital. He published texts on orthopedic surgery and was an author of a 1909 monograph on diseases in the bones. In 1903 he spoke on the painful lesions of the tibial tuberosity in children and adolescents. Carl Schlatter, a Swiss surgeon was a professor of surgery at Zurich. Schlatter is known for performing the first successful total gastrectomy in 1897. He also published in 1903; a description of the same disease that was described by Osgood. The two then came together and named it Osgood-Schlatter's disease. Osgood-Schlatter Disease is an inflammation of the patellar ligament at the tibial tuberosity. It is characterized
Osgood-Schlatter disease is an inflammation of the area below your kneecap called the tibial tubercle. There is pain and tenderness in this area because of the inflammation. It is most often seen in children and adolescents during the time of growth spurts. The muscles and cord-like structures that attach muscle to bone (tendons) tighten as the bones are becoming longer. This puts more strain on areas of tendon attachment. The condition may also be associated with physical activity involving running and jumping.
One of the fears of growing old is that chronic pain will be a part of everyday life. While many seniors do deal with pain as a complication of illness or injury, pain is not a normal part of aging and does not need to be so.
The goal of treatment is to allow the patient to return to normal function and activities along with prevention of nerve damage and loss of muscle strength in fingers and hand. If the patient presents with diabetes and arthritis, it is important to treat those diagnosis first. Initial treatment generally involves resting the affected hand and wrist for at least two weeks, avoiding activities that may cause symptoms to worsen. Patient is also recommended to immobilize the wrist by wearing a wrist splint to avoid further damage from twisting or bending. If the symptoms are mild, 1 to 2 weeks of home treatment are likely to relieve the symptoms (WebMd). Physical therapy such as ultrasound, stretching, strengthening, and range-of-motion exercises can be helpful in people whose symptoms have become less intense but still exist. In some cases, medicine can ease the pain and swelling. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as aspirin, ibuprofen, and other nonprescription pain relievers can relieve pain and reduce inflammation. Corticosteroids by mouth or corticosteroid injections may relieve pressure on the median nerve and provide immediate, temporary relief to persons with mild or intermittent symptoms. Patients with diabetes or who are predisposed to diabetes should not use corticosteroids for a prolonged period of time because it can make it difficult to regulate insulin levels. Vitamin B16
Osteoarthritis is also known as a degenerative joint disease and is the most common form of arthritis. With this type of arthritis, the cushion material, or cartilage, in the joints becomes to wear down. Pain is then caused when bones rub against each other. Stiffness, pain and loss of movement could occur in the joints with this of disease . Osteoarthritis is significant because it could occur in people of all ages and there are a number of risk factors including obesity, high impact sports, joint injuries, weak muscles, genetics and the most common one is the increase in age . According to a number of reports 6% to 13% of men are affected by osteoarthritis and between 7% and 19% of women above the age of 45 are affected. It is more abundant
whether or now not you lead a bodily energetic subculture, a sedentary one, or someplace in between, you might frequently understand how important it is that your knees be functioning comfortably and be soreness free. The knees absolutely serve plenty of capabilities. Not completely do these endure the load of the physique; the knees are additionally essential for almost any movement. As such, it comes as no surprise that knee joint agony is a typical predicament, experienced by means of contributors of all a while, sizes, and origins.
DOI: 09/26/2010. The patient is a 63-year-old male route sales representative who incurred a work-related injury to his left foot and ankle due to repetitive job duties.
If the pain is too much to bear, take over-the-counter pain reliever medications such as ibuprofen.
• Take over-the-counter and prescription medicines, including pain medicines, only as told by your health care provider.
Low back pain is neither a disease nor a diagnostic entity of any sort. The term refers to pain of variable duration in an area of the anatomy afflicted so often that it is has become a paradigm of responses to external and internal stimuli (Ehrlich GE 2003).
I found your post very informative; I think you did a great job explaining this chronic condition. In addition, I am glad you mentioned that a primary care physician may help with referrals. In fact, a specialist is sometimes necessary because arthritis can be difficult to diagnose. Knowing which type of arthritis a person has can ensure proper treatment plans. There are more than 100 different forms of arthritis and related diseases. Therefore, it is essential to listen when our bodies signal distress because sometimes a pain is not just a pain. Certain types of untreated arthritis can lead to joint damage and other serious complications. Unfortunately there is no cure for arthritis, but treatment and knowing more about this this