Essay On Hasta Mudra

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The muscles in the palm play a very major role in holding a particular hasta mudra. The muscles in the hand give grip and shape to the hand and in turn to the hasta mudras. The muscles in the hand give shape to the fingers and the palm and also aid in holding the hasta mudra in a particular posture and shape. The study of the muscular system of the hand is necessary to know the corresponding muscles which are involved in holding a particular hasta mudra. Many of the muscles that facilitate the movement of the hand start from the forearm and extend across the wrist and the palm. Some muscles control only the bending or straightening of the wrist while others influence the motion of the fingers and the thumb. Many of these muscles help in positioning and holding the wrist and hand, while the thumb and fingers grip or perform fine motor actions in holding the hasta mudras.
Most of the small muscles of the thumb and little finger start from the carpal
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The intrinsic muscles conduct the fine motor functions of the hand by positioning and holding them steady during hasta mudras. While holding the hasta mudras, the wrist makes large movements whereas; the fingers and thumbs make many fine movements. The thenar muscles help in holding the hasta mudras, which are involved with the thumb. The thenar muscles support the thumb directly or indirectly to hold a particular hasta mudra. Few hasta mudras have direct involvement of the thenar muscles like shikaram, kapittam, simhamukham etc and few indirectly like pataka, tripataka, ardhapataka etc. The hasta mudras, which involve the thenar muscles include mayura, ardhachandra, musti, shikara, kapitta, katakamukha, suchi, chandrakala, padmakosha, mrigasheersha, simhamukha, kangula, alapadma, chatura, bramara, hamsaasya, samdamsha, mukula, taamrachuda, trishula, shakata, shanka, matsya, garuda, khatwa

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