Many concerns have centered in on the possible links between repeated concussions and chronic traumatic encephalopathy or CPE. Chronic traumatic encephalopathy is a serious, degenerative brain disease that affects a person’s ability to think. Chronic traumatic encephalopathy involves the progressive brain damage, particularly in the frontal region of the brain, which controls many functions including people’s judgement, emotion, impulsive control, social behavior and their memory. A signature feature of the disease is abnormal deposits of a protein called tau that accumulates around small blood vessels in brain crevices. Researchers believe that multiple blows to the head may dislodge the tau protein from the cell structure and cause it to form in clumps inside nerve cells.
Cytotoxic edema is most commonly characterized by the swelling of neurons, glia and constriction of extracellular space. Cytotoxic causes of edema include: traumatic brain injury, encephalitis, meningitis, toxic ingestions and hypoxic ischemic brain injury. The final
This results in the damage of brain cells and including the cells beyond the spill which then, aren’t able receive enough blood. Common causes of this type of hemorrhage are hypertension, trauma, and the use of blood thinners. Subarachnoid hemorrhage occurs when an artery within the surface of the brain bursts and spills in the space between the surface of the brain and skull. The leakage is most commonly caused by an aneurysm. A transient ischemic attack is also known as TIA or “mini stroke”.
This type injury is a serious form of brain injury that requires immediate medical attention. Because there is an open wound, open head injury victims may be exposed to infection and contamination. It can occur in car crashes, sports accidents, work accidents, or gunshot wounds that create a skull fracture. Objects like a screwdriver can pierce the skull and cause brain injury. If the object leaves in a different location than where it entered, it’s known as a perforating open head
With this type of Dementia, the symptoms can be very different due to how badly the blood vessel are damaged after having the stroke. ii. In the scholarly article, Risk Factors for Vascular Dementia and Alzheimer Disease, written by Phillip B Gorelick and publish in October 2004. It mentions that Vascular Dementia have terrible effects on the brain and your cognitive abilities. iii.
Seizures may also occur. The most serious brain injuries can cause brain death. Brain death term is often misunderstood by the public. Brain death refers to the loss of all brain activity. Basic functions such as breathing, blood pressure control and regulation of body temperature deteriorate.
EBOLA The Ebola episode in West Africa is the world 's deadliest to date and the World Health Organization has pronounced a global wellbeing crisis as more than 3,850 individuals have died of the infection in Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone and Nigeria this year. What is Ebola? Ebola is a viral disease of which the underlying manifestations can incorporate a sudden fever, extraordinary shortcoming, muscle torment and a sore throat, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). Also, that is only the starting: consequent stages are heaving, loose bowels and - sometimes - both interior and outer dying. The ailment taints people through close contact with contaminated creatures, including chimpanzees, natural product bats and woods eland.
With these degrees of exclusion, we 're all losers. Social cohesion is weakened, and conflict situations are created, generating violence and sick societies. More than nine million children die each year before their fifth birthday. Between 33% and 50% due to malnutrition. The cause of death is usually diarrhea, but behind it is acute deficits of necessary micronutrients.
“(SIS) occurs when a person with a concussion, even a very mild one, suffers a second blow before fully recovering from the first. The brain swelling and increased intracranial pressure that can result is potentially fatal” (Davidson, Atkins, and Longe). 95% of repeat concussions occur within 10 days of the first, and 75% within 1 week (“Head Injuries”). Because the vessels in the brain take about 15 days to heal, the player is at higher risk for another concussion or the vessels bursting. A burst vessel can result in death.
Multiple concussions and swelling can cause progressive cognitive decline which is like dementia (Brain Facts). According to author, Lauren Tarshis, “Some symptoms of a concussion are immediate, like loss of consciousness. But often signs are more subtle and don't show up until hours or days after the injury which can be forgetfulness, confusion, headaches, balance problems or dizziness, light or noise sensitivity, sluggishness or fogginess, irritability or emotional symptoms, concentration or memory problems and blurred vision.” So if an athlete was to get a concussion they might not even know right away and put themselves at risk by continuing to play. As seen with Zack, second impact syndrome could be fatal and ruin your life. Concussions are not rare either.