Patient Safety The patient safety problem that I have chosen to write about for my assignment is errors in medication management. Mal practise in the management of medication is a commonly known breach of patient safety which can result in serious consequences for the patient. The patient can become harmed in many ways because of medication errors. The US Department of Healthcare Research and Quality states that an ADE, an adverse drug event is defined as ‘harm experienced by a patient as a result of exposure to a medication’.
Running head: Kevin Holland Kevin Holland Clostridium difficile is becoming a major problem inside of hospitals. There are many reasons as to why the bacteria is becoming a top priority while treating patients mainly inside of the hospital setting. Hospital-induced infections, lack of a proper diet, and even when people do not perform proper hygiene is causing this bacteria that is considered normal biota, to flourish and cause gastrointestinal distress. Bacteria have spent millions of years growing and their whole goal is to keep doing that.
It affects mainly the small bowel and can be caused by either viral or bacterial INFECTION” (Ignatavicius and Workman, 2016, p.1127). One of the largest barriers to treatment of a C.diff infection is the resistance to antibiotics. The CDC (2016) says “C.difficile caused almost half a million infections among patients in the United States in a single year. An estimated 15,000 deaths are directly attributable to C.difficile infections” (clostridium difficile section, para. 2) .
You may know that hospitals, medical and dental practices and veterinary clinics all require professional medical waste disposal Texas; but did you know that laboratories and research facilities also produce medical waste that must be disposed of properly? In fact, the Medical Waste Tracking Act of 1988 defines medical waste as, “any solid waste that is generated in the diagnosis, treatment or immunization of human beings or animals, in research pertaining thereto, or in the production or testing of biologicals.” Medical Waste Services Texas: Laboratory-Generated Medical Waste The list of items that qualify for inclusion in the category of medical waste is expansive and includes regular solid waste, biohazardous waste and pharmaceutical
Assisting in healing open stage II sacral or perineal wound in the incontinent patient to prevent further skin breakdown. For patients who will require a period of prolonged immobilization, due to broken bones, procedures and other medical complications. When inserting foley catheters the CDC (2009) strongly recommends performing hand hygiene. Hand hygiene must occur immediately before and after insertion and with any manipulation of the catheter device or site. Facilities should ensure that only properly trained staff who have been trained on the correct technique of aseptic catheter insertion and maintenance is given this responsibility.
Radiology is a medical specialty that uses imaging to diagnose and treat diseases seen inside the body. Radiologists are the medical doctors who use imaging from x-rays, MRI, Nuclear medicine, CT scan, and PET scan. Abnormalities and misinterpretation of the of radiologic images claims account for about 40-54 percent of radiology related cases and the three categories of claims include misdiagnoses, complications, and miscellaneous.1 The main factors contributing to diagnostic errors in radiology are errors in identifying and interpreting abnormalities. These errors can occur
For instance people in a country controlled by genocide are scared to take action because they think they would be targeted. Before the genocide, there were 7 million people in Rwanda divided into three different ethnical groups. The three groups are the Hutus, Tutsis, and Twas. After the genocide the population decreased to 1.4 million people. As stated in Outreach programme Rwanda genocide and the United Nation, “Thousands died of waterborne disease and they continued to target civilian populations which caused deaths, injury and harm.”
It can extend far beyond the original impact as the entire communities suffers devastating and wide consequences. Rohypnol can affect families, health care costs, and productivity. Most addicts tend to be emotionally unstable and unpredictable, which causes the family to live in states of anxiety and fear about triggering an emotional outburst. The children can also suffer from neglect. This addiction is a serious disease that needs professional medical treatment.
Medication errors are amongst the most common healthcare mistakes and are a frequent source of unfortunate healthcare events in the quality of care. Medication errors lengthen the stay in hospitals, escalate inpatient expenditures, and in the United States cause more than 7,000 deaths yearly. One-third of all medical errors which occur in a hospital are from medication errors. Not all medication errors lead to morbidity or mortality; nonetheless, a relatively elevated prevalence makes the dilemma worth addressing.
Norag Lee claims,” Longer duration of urinary catheter drainage, positive contact precautions status and a history of catheterization appear to be associated with a higher risk of catheter associated urinary tract infection in hospitalized pediatric patients. Physicians should attempt to decrease the duration of catheterization, especially in patients who meet these criteria, to minimize the risk of catheter associated urinary tract infection.” HAIs may be caused by any infectious agent, including bacteria (gram-positive and gram-negative), fungi, and viruses, as well as other less common types of pathogens. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the most common pathogenic bacterium of nosocomial infections are Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Escherichia coli. Certain fungi such as Candida albicans and aspergillus, as well as, viruses such as Respiratory Syncytial Virus and influenza can also lead to hospital-acquired
The morality of Healthcare acquired infections has increased tremendously whereas; both inpatient and outpatient clients have been infected during a hospital visit. These infections has weaken the sick which may lead to additional medications, or surgery, and extended hospital stay. According to (CDC 2002), healthcare acquired infections are result of unhygienic practices in medical field. This includes ambulatory surgical centers, hospice center, nursing homes and rehabilitation centers.
Ackerman, C. L. (2011). ‘Not On My Watch:’ Treating and Preventing Pressure Ulcers. MEDSURG Nursing, 20(2), 86-93 8p. With the implementation of the Medicare Guidelines of pay for Performance Initiative, skin breakdown was identified as a very preventable problem. According to a study that was done at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, nurses said that skin care is sometimes too time consuming, which can take away time that they have to care for other patients.
Staphylococcus epidermidis is an opportunistic pathogen, meaning that they can cause infection more frequently and more easily in persons’ with a weakened immune system such as, HIV patients (CDC, 2015). This organism is seen primarily in nosocomial infections, also known as, hospital-acquired infections (Bukhari, 2004). This means that the organisms favors the hospital environment and is easily passed to a person while they are in the hospital. Ways that a person can get a Staphylococcus epidermidis infection is through IV’s, more commonly in drug users, catheters, and artificial equipment (Bukhari, 2004). Skin-to-skin contact can also be a form of getting this type of infection.