Medical Problems In Senegal

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Senegal separates itself from other African countries as one of the more fortunate countries in - though, not by much. Ranking 20th on Africa’s Nominal GDP rate, Senegal has had its fair share of poverty and misery. A small list consists of epidemics, poverty, low employment rates and low literacy rates. Many citizens do not have access to basic needs such as food, education about health, and education in general. The lack of knowledge about health impacts the wellbeing of the citizens in the country. There are innumerable problems in Senegal, however, the most urgent issues include the widespread use of drugs, the high disease risks and epidemics, and major floods and droughts across the country. Drug use, trafficking and production of illegal…show more content…
Senegal, like many other poor African countries, has a high risk of disease. Many diseases are transferred and caught through food and water, such as bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, Hepatitis A, Hepatitis E and Typhoid Fever. Another huge medical problem is the vectorborne diseases - those transmitted by mosquitoes and other insects. These diseases include Yellow Fever, Dengue Fever, Japanese Encephalitis, Rift Valley Fever, the fatal Malaria and Plague, and many more. The disease risk is very high and vaccination is suggested to visitors. All these diseases on their own are highly infectious, but to crown it all, there is an HIV/AIDS epidemic in Senegal. HIV/AIDS interfere with the immune system, causing increased vulnerability to other epidemics. Recently, there has also been an outbreak of the Ebola virus. As AIDS affect mostly the young adult population, the taxable population is drastically reduced. More money is lost, resulting in more pressure for the country’s finances. To develop cures, if importing drugs and medicine are necessary, then more money is lost to companies in wealthy countries, creating a downward spiral in the…show more content…
They are not alone. Desertification affects over 170 countries across the world and is still affecting more and more land as time goes on. Parts of Senegal are vulnerable to flooding and other regions are vulnerable to droughts. Recently, the districts Kaffrine and Kolda have had up to 2 metres of rainfall, causing major flooding. These natural disasters put the citizens of Senegal at risk, for flooding can cause damage to homes and drought can reduce the amount of locally grown produce. After floods, tensions may also arise as many resources are lost in the floods. The economy falls as working communities are put on standby while trying to rebuild and lots of money from the government goes into repairs after floods. Many natural ecosystems are damaged by floodwater, and when the flooding subsides, desertification takes its toll. Much more money goes into combating desertification and more money is

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