The loose blood clots can block the artery in the heart and become pulmonary embolism (PE). A pulmonary embolism is dangerous conditions that can lead to fatal because of blood supplies from the heart to the other parts of the body are failed. DISEASE CLASSIFICATION Deep vein thrombosis can be classified to three categories which is idiopathic, acute and chronic. Idiopathic deep vein thrombosis can characterized with usual condition acquired risk factors, such as obesity, trauma, cancer, or surgery. Acute deep vein thrombosis can be seen by pain and swelling.
Definition of Liver Cirrhosis Cirrhosis is a complication of many liver diseases characterized by abnormal structure and function of the liver. The diseases that lead to cirrhosis do so because they injure and kill liver cells, after which the inflammation and repair that is associated with the dying liver cells causes scar tissue to form. The liver cells that do not die multiply in an attempt to replace the cells that have died. This results in clusters of newly-formed liver cells within the scar tissue. There are many causes of cirrhosis including chemicals (such as alcohol, fat, and certain medications), viruses toxic metals (such as iron and copper that accumulate in the liver as a result of genetic diseases).
Of course there are complications if it is not treated quickly, because we all know that we can avoid financial problems in this life. COMPLICATIONS : • Tears in the wall and rupture of the aorta are the main complication of thoracic aortic aneurysm. A ruptured aneurysm is so dangerous that some people can die because of the internal bleeding. • Trouble swallowing, Loss of consciousness, low blood pressure, trouble breathing, pain at the back, intense chest pain, shortness of breath, low blood pressure and weakness or paralysis of one side of the body sometimes the other sign for Stroke, are the symptoms that your thoracic aortic aneurysm has
Intestinal ischemia Overview: Intestinal ischemia occurs when the blood vessels that flow bowel contract or block, thereby reducing the blood supply. Ischemia can affect the small intestine or colon, or both. The reduction in blood flow can cause pain and provide permanent injury to the bowel. The acute intestinal ischemia, or quickly stopping the direct circulation to the intestine, is an emergency and requires immediate surgery; that chronic, manifested in time, but must be treated because it can turn into acute or cause severe weight loss and malnutrition. Causes: The intestinal ischemia occurs when the direct circulation to the intestine decreases or stops completely.
When you have this reaction, your face and throat swell up. If you don't get help fast, you could die. Traditionally ‘anaphylaxis’ is a term used to describe immunoglobulin E (IgE)--dependent events and ‘anaphylactoid reaction’ is used to describe IgE-independent reactions – although both these reactions are clinically indistinguishable. Symptoms and signs of anaphylaxis Swelling and irritation of the tongue or mouth Swelling of the sinuses Difficulty breathing Discharge Wheezing Cough Cramping, vomiting, or diarrhea Dizziness Hypotension Anxiety or confusion Strong, very rapid heartbeat ( palpitations ) Loss of consciousness Causes of anaphylaxis IgE-mediated Antibiotics o(eg, penicillins, cephalosporins, vancomycin, neomycin, amphotericin B) Foreign proteins o(eg, serum, insulins, asparaginase, chymopapain, venoms, penicillinase, blood, blood products, protamine, antithymocyte globulins, latex) Other medications o(eg, allergen extracts, methylprednisolone, local anesthetics, vaccines, thiopental) Foods o(eg, milk, eggs, wheat, soy, peanuts, tree nuts, shellfish, fish, corn, seeds, bananas) Immune complex–mediated Biologics o(eg, blood, blood products,
But if the damage continues, more and more nephrons shut down and even stop filtering blood effectively so that patients’ health will be affected. To be worse, kidney function falls below a certain point, which is kidney failure. Kidney failure, which can be life-threatening, has a more significant influence on the patient. CKD might lead to complications including high blood pressure, anemia, and heart and blood vessel disease.
If there is a complete block, then this can cause the area where the blood vessel supplies the blood to undergo necrosis which is also known as heart attack. SYMPTOMS Some of the symptoms exhibited by a person undergoing heart attack can vary from one person to another as this depends if this is a severe case of MI or a mild one. - Chest pain
The kidneys are bean-shaped organs located one on each side of the spine in the middle of the back, above your waist. They play important roles in cleaning your blood of waste and excess fluids, maintaining chemical balance in the blood, and helping to regulate your blood pressure. Kidney disease may result in fluid and waste product accumulation in the body, which may lead to kidney failure. This can cause symptoms like body swelling, shortness of breath, weakness and poor sleep. Kidney problems must be treated immediately to prevent loss of function, which may be a serious, life-threatening condition.
Accumulation in the alveoli of excessive fluid, protein and inflammatory cells that have move into the air spaces from the alveolar capillaries. Intrapulmonary shunt develop and blood passing cannot be oxygenated. Alveolar type I and type II cells are spoiled causing surfactant dysfunction. Alveoli become unstable and collapse and fibrotic changes take place. Hyaline membranes help to the development of fibrosis and atelectasis (collapse) essential to decrease in gas exchange capability and lung dysfunction.
ABSTRACT Chronic kidney disease refers to the kidneys have been damaged by conditions, such as diabetes, glomerulonephritis or high blood pressure. Kidney disease also makes more possible to mature heart and blood vessel disease. These problems may happen gently on long period of time, often without any symptoms. It may eventually lead to kidney failure requiring dialysis or a kidney transplant to preserve survival time. So the primary detection and treatment can prevent or deferral of these complications.
Takayasu Arteritis Takayasu arteritis is a rare condition that may also be called pulseless disease. Takayasu arteritis is caused by inflammation in your large blood vessels (vasculitis). It mainly affects your aorta, which is a large blood vessel that carries blood away from the heart, and the large blood vessels that branch off from it. Areas of the aorta or other affected blood vessels can become narrowed, blocked, or weakened because of the inflammation. This causes reduced blood flow to important body organs, which can be life-threatening.
A Urinalysis can also be used to see if you are effected by the disease. So what exactly is rhabdomyolysis? It is an imbalance in the muscle that happens when the muscle tissue of an affected area breaks down quickly, which can release its toxins into your blood stream. This can be caused by a hard hit to a muscle, causing muscle injury, as well as from the use of certain narcotics and even severe dehydration (Cervellin 2010). As learned in the course muscles are composed of sarcolemma which is the membrane that is composed of many Na+, K+ and Na+, CA+ channels that when a muscle is injured , stop functioning
Symptoms include a change in the amount or color of mucus, fever, experiencing chills, and increased coughing or breathing problems. Serious allergic reactions such as a rash, hives, swelling of the face, mouth, or tongue are also possible side effects. This medication can cause an immune system effect that can heighten your risk for infection. If you have stopped taking oral corticosteroid medicines and start taking inhaled corticosteroid medicine, this may lead to adrenal insufficiency. 2Adrenal insufficiency is a disorder in which the adrenal glands above the kidney do not produce enough hormones.
Once the liver is damaged, because a virus or harmful chemicals or for any other reason, it will lose its ability to function and it is called liver failure is a life-threatening condition. There are two kinds of liver failure: acute and chronic. Acute liver failure happens when liver cells are damaged and unable to function. Khokhar and Niazi (2012) defined Acute liver failure is a severe medical emergency causing from numerous insults