This period is also referred to as the Golden Age of Greece in which great monuments, art, philosophy, architecture and literature emerged becoming the building blocks of our own civilization today. The Hellenistic period however, was between 323 BC with Alexander's death and ended in 31 BC with the conquest of the last Hellenistic kingdom by Rome. It was the time in which the power of Athens declined due to its defeat in the Peloponnesian War against the Spartans. Although its theatrical traditions seem to have lost their vitality, however, a new form of theatre emerged which was New Comedy, comic episodes about the lives of ordinary citizens. Due to the vast historical changes and events the theatrical architecture of had to evolve to be suitable for new types of theatre and plays.
9th Grade Ancient Greece Persuasive Essay Who was responsible for the fall of Ancient Greece - Sparta or Athens? It has been argued over the years about which city-state, Sparta or Athens was responsible for the fall of Greece. Athens had been the superpower all along the years. Especially after Greece won the Persian War the Athenian Empire was able to attain their full potential and brilliance. Sparta and its allies grew discontented of the great growing power Athens was becoming therefore different conflicts broke out resulting in the Peloponnesian War.
King tut was probably one of the best known kings because his body was found. The same year that Tutankhamen took power, he married Ankhesenamun, his half sister and the daughter of Akhenaten and Nefertiti. Due to Tutankhaten's young age when he assumed power, the first years of his reign were probably controlled by an elder known as Ay, who bore the title of Vizier.As the populace was forced to honor Aten, the religious conversion threw the society into chaos. The capital was changed from Thebes to Amarna, and Akhenaten put all of his efforts into the religious transition,
Pericles strengthened Athens by creating and introducing direct democracy to them, and also by valuing their arts and literature. He was a loved and a powerful leader. Under his command, Athens won many wars and also came to be the richest and most powerful city-state in all Greece. Unfortunately, in 429 BC, a horrible plague struck Greece which resulted in the death of Pericles. After this, the Greek government and democracy was never the same again.
In around the third century, Rome split into two. The Latin-speaking West and the Greek-speaking East. The West had more demographic problems, so barbarians were able to ransack the cities. Rome, no longer fit to be the capital, was taken over by Visigoths in 410. More cities were ransacked by barbarians and the Emperor’s reign diminished.
Philip conquered all of Greek city-states victoriously. After he wasn’t crowned king anymore due to his death, his son beat him to be on top. Alexander held more accomplishments. While his father was away for battle, Olympias oddly enough told Alexander that his father was not who he was, and that is was Zeus. Zeus in that time was a Greek supreme
The Persian Empire was not something to be conquered as much as an achievement to be acquired” (Ansari). Alexander enjoyed killing people, “But according to some intriguing research, the young Macedonian's achievements may not have been as great as his name implies. The evidence suggests quite strongly that Greek material culture, at least, flourished as far away as the coast of what is now Israel at least a century before Alexander's conquests” (Dye). Those are all the reason why Alexander the Great was a villain.
Alexander the Great's legacy is both far reaching and profound. First, his father was able to unite the Greek city-states, and Alexander destroyed the Persian Empire forever. More importantly, Alexander's conquests spread Greek culture, also known as Hellenism, across his empire. (338) In fact, Alexander's reign marked the beginning of a new era known as the Hellenistic Age because of the powerful influence that Greek culture had on other people. Without Alexander's ambition, Greek ideas and culture might well have remained confined to
After the Fourth Crusade ended, Constantinople was left in chaos. The city never regained its status as the most powerful and wealthiest city in Asia Minor until six decades later when the Ottoman Empire took conquered the city during the Ottoman Conquests. Art, treasures, and relics that were a thousand year old were taken out of the city as a victory price within three days. The greed of Venice and the gullibility of the Crusaders created the destruction of the strongest city that had existed for over a millennia.The Fourth Crusade was manipulated from the beginning, resulting in the conquest of Constantinople, instead of Egypt and Jerusalem. Despite serving under a Christian flag, the Crusaders defiled the city of Constantinople without
There have been lots of great military commanders over the centuries, but one of the best ever and definitely the best in European history is Julius Caesar. The greatest military commander must have smart strategies and use their power to grow and conquer. On July 12 or 13, 100 B.C., in Rome, Italy, Caesar was born (Nice). Being a descendant of the Trojan Prince, Aeneas, he grew up to be full of himself (Nice). Though Caesar was egotistical, he was the greatest military commander in European history because his military IQ was astounding, he cared for and fought beside his men, and he also expanded the Roman Empire to its greatest lengths.