Essay On Hellenistic Art

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Firas N. Bashir
Hellenistic Time Period
Hellenistic art all started with the death of Alexander the Great following the Greek world and the Persian Empire’s incorporation into it. Alexander is considered one of the greatest military geniuses of all time, he is also the conqueror of the Persian Empire and the king of Macedonia. The Hellenistic art had spread all around the cultivated world. The Greek culture was utterly dominant. But the instant death of Alexander the Great quickly decreased the Greek’s and their imperial power, following the separation of his massive empire between the three generals: Antigonus I, was given Greece and Macedonia; Seleucus I had took control of Anatolia, Mesopotamia, and Persia; and last but not least, Ptolemy I was given the opportunity to rule Egypt. (356-323 BCE) had been marked by the massive Greek
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From 300 BCE onwards, the Greek peripteral temple lost much of its importance: during the third century the Asia Minor temple came to end, also in mainland Greece and in the nearby Greek colonies. Even monumental projects like Artemisia and the temple of Apollo had made little progress. All this had changed during the second century, when the temple building had come across some resurgence due partly to increase prosperity, a portion of improvements went to architect Hermogenes of Priene to the Ionic style of architecture, and between the various Hellenistic kingdoms and Rome partly went to the cultural propaganda war waged. So during this process and massive amount of Greek temples had been built in southern Asia Minor, Egypt and North Africa. As far as styles went the Doric style had fallen completely out of fashion. Hellenism demanded more flamboyant forms of the Ionic and Corinthian orders. Examples of the Hellenistic architecture are the Great Theatre at Ephesus; the Stoa of Attalus; and the clock house tower of the winds at Athens which were all admired by the Roman architect
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