Essay On Hepatitis

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Hepatitis is a disease defined by the inflammation of the liver and characterized by the presence of inflammatory cells in the tissue of the organ. Hepatitis may occur with limited or no symptoms, but often leads to jaundice, poor appetite, and malaise. Hepatitis is acute when it lasts less than six months and chronic when it persists longer.
Acute hepatitis can heal on its own, progress to chronic hepatitis, or even cause acute liver failure.
Chronic hepatitis may have no symptoms, though over time, it can lead to fibrosis (scarring of the liver) and cirrhosis (chronic liver failure), which can lead to hepatocellular carcinoma (a form of liver cancer).
Viral hepatitis is the most common cause of liver inflammation. Other causes include autoimmune diseases, ingestion of toxic
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Infection can be passed from mother to child during birth; sexually, or through contact with open wound. It can also be spread by contaminated dental instruments, though sterilization makes this unlikely. Donor blood is screened beforehand, so the risk of hepatitis from a transfusion is small. One transfusion in 205,000 transmits hepatitis B, and one in 2 million transmits hepatitis C.

• Tattoos and Piercings
Lessen your risk of hepatitis B and C by finding a salon that’s serious about controlling infections. It should be clean and tidy, the staff licensed and well trained. Ensure that all tools/ equipment, such as needles, are properly heat-sterilized before each use. Also, make sure people wash their hands and put on fresh gloves before touching you.

• Pedicures, Manicures, and Hair Cuts
Salons or barbershops may pose a small risk of exposure to Hepatitis B and C. While there's a small (2%-5%) chance of transmitting hepatitis through grooming items, anytime there's potential for exposure to blood you may be at risk for hepatitis. Reduce your risk by bringing your own equipment.

• Sexual

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