Many people joined to defeat their tyrannical overlord Montezuma. Surrounded by the native people he had gained on his journey, Cortes attacked the city of Cholula, the second largest city in central Mexico. Thousands of people were massacred in the city center. On November 8, 1519, Cortes and Montezuma ll met peacefully. Montezuma gave exuberant gifts of gold to the Spaniards, which excited their appetite for lavish goods rather than assuage them.
According to Lienbmann (2012) natives attributed the revolt to “Satan”, credit of planning and making it happen is given to Po’pay and many of the leaders and planners of the rebellion who were ‘half-breeds’, like the mestizos and coyotes, and indios ladinos (p. 55). Because some tribes were strongly dominated by the Spanish and fear, these revolt leaders made promises of protection to the tribes and sometimes threatened and forced tribes to adhere to the rebellion. Once the had enough Native warriors to fight the Spanish, they attacked by surprise before the Spaniards had time to prepare for the attack. The Pueblo Indians who began were at north of Santa Fe, followed that same day by the others surrounding the capital. The revolt lasted over ten days.
Defeat struck the Aztec Empire in 1521 when Hernan Cortes and his army invaded and conquered Tenochtitlan, bringing the end of the great civilization. Could the Aztecs have done something before, something that could have changed the way the Empire had come to an end? Geography helped in a major way, surrounding the Aztecs with protection from Mt.Popocatepetl and Mt.Iztaccihuatl . The weapons and war strategies that the Aztecs used were very well planned and could have defeated the Spanish. Even so, Montezuma, the emperor of the Aztecs, had to ruin the victory.
Then Pizarro discontented, ordered the king to kill his brother, another king himself. Desperate, the king obeyed and murdered his brother. For this, Pizarro executed the king bringing down his empire with
First, during the 19th century, many people believed in Manifest Destiny so they bullied Mexico into giving them land. In the article, “ Was the United States justified in going to war with Mexico?” it says “The combination of of American troops at the Rio Grande and the attempt to buy a large part of their country angered the Mexican government.” The United States were being forceful while one of their men were being sent to Mexico City to try and buy California because they were sitting at the Rio Grande with their army. Also in this article it says, “He felt America’s honor had been challenged… President Polk had a reason for going to war.” Polk thought that Mexico was
The Aztec and Spanish The outcome of the contact between the Aztec and the Spanish was welcoming initially but after a certain period of time, The Spanish decided to take over the Aztec and Inca Empire. The purpose of this Spanish expedition was to seek fame and fortune for Spain and also spread Christianity to the natives and new lands. This had led them into war between the Aztec and Spanish The Aztec first arrives in Mexico in the late 1100s. By 1250, they settled near the shores of Lake Texcoco and by 1325 they had begun building the majestic city of Tenochtitlan. In 1518 Spanish conquistador, Hernan Cortes held an expedition to conquer Mexico and the Aztec holds almost the central and southern of Mexico.
But Atahuallpa threw the Bible onto the ground. This set off the priest so he called upon the rest of the 168 Spanish to attack. As Jared Diamond explained “The envoy saw the Spaniards at their most disorganized, told Atahuallpa that they were not fighting men, and that he could tie them all up if given 200 Inca” (79). The Inca lost at least 7,000 men in that battle and it was all because they were being cocky and decided to rush into things not even knowing their military strength. So after all these reasons, the Inca lost their battle against only 168 Spaniards because of their leaders ignorance, the Spaniards military advances, and their use of a very effective ambush.
A group of military officers launched a coup d’etat, or a sudden, violent, and illegal seizure of power from a government. The coup failed; however, organizers escaped capture and established the first guerrilla forces, vowing to overtake the government. The guerrillas were angered by social repression and political decline. They would not gain a large following among the people until 1978. Several indians were recruited by guerrilla groups, and joining an anti government group lead them to question several injustices against them such as their poverty, segregation from society, or the hard farm lives they lived.
C) Reason: Columbus was to be remembered as the first terrorist in the Americas. Evidence: “When resistance mounted a to the Spaniards’ violence, Columbus sent an armed force to ‘spread terror among the Indians to show them how strong and powerful the Christians were,’ according to the Spanish priest Bartolome de las Casas” (Huffington Post). Evidence: “The soldiers mowed down dozens with point-blank volleys, loosed the dogs to rip open limbs and bellies, chased fleeing Indians into the bush to skewer them on sword and pike,…” (Huffington Post). Acknowledgement: Columbus’s actions were perhaps a form of self-defense in response to the violent and aggressive Taíno people. Response: Conflicts that occurred between Columbus and the Natives were a direct consequence of Columbus’ harsh treatment toward the Natives, who had no other options beside resistance.
This approved Agueybana’s beliefs, and essentially waged war against the Spaniards. Many cacique’s would ally themselves to fight against the Spaniards. A Cuban cacique, Hatuey, had tried to unite the Cuban natives (similar to Tecumseh’s idea) to get a numbers advantage over the enemy. However, he was burned at the stake in 1512. Another chief, Enriquillo, led a rebellion against the Spaniards.
Portilla points out how wary this made the Mexicas about their new “guests” and how they immediately reported what they saw to their king. By the time the Spaniards marched all the way to the Aztec metropolis, Tenochtitlan, they had created several allies. Portilla explains that the people that sided with the Spaniards were enemies that had been conquered by the Aztec. The Mexica’s began to resent their “gods” and mistrust King Motcuhzoma for letting the Spanish conquistadors wreak havoc among the natives and their customs. Before long the author begins to describe the many battles fought between the Aztec warriors and the strangers.
The actions of the Spanish in South America were mostly war. But the Spanish did not win through force, they won through trickery. Take for example Hernan Cortes, he won the battle for what is now Mexico City, by first staying in the enemy’s city, and then killing their leader, retreating, and then cutting off the water and food supply of the Aztecs, waiting for their surrender. Then there was the conquest led by Francisco Pizarro, who also won his battle with “trickery”, though his is more of a confusion. His enemy was already weakened after some civil-wars, and he decided to take the enemy while they were surprised.
Would consider such an act “a declaration of war.” (Marquez 327) This direct quote shows that Mexico is angry that the U.S. is taking more land. In the daily El Tiempo stated that the American government came as a traveler and then acted like a robber (Marquez 327). This information shows that that the American government came and stole from Mexico. The annexation of Texas was inadmissable and unofficial. Later, Texas also unfairly changed its
Mexico did indeed throw the first punch, but America was taunting them. America brought their troops over to what Mexico thought to be their border. It was hard to tell where the border was. Mexico claimed one thing and America another. Of course a fight broke out.
Cortés and a group of men disobeyed orders to stay in Cuba, and made their way to Mexico. Upon arrival they set up camp in, present day, Veracruz and began to make allies with some of the caciques (native chiefs), who would eventually aid him in the war against the Aztecs. Even though both of these men conquered two different places, they used