Essay On Himalayas

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The Himalayas or Himalaya is a mountain range in the South Asia. They cover approximately 2,400 km (1,491 mi) and pass through the nations of India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, China (Tibet), Bhutan and Nepal. The Himalayan range is made up of three parallel ranges often referred to as the Greater Himalayas, the Lesser Himalayas, and the Outer Himalayas. This range is home to nine of the ten highest peaks on Earth, including the highest above sea level, Mount Everest at 8,848 meters (29,035feet). The Himalayas are considered to be one of youngest mountain ranges (approximately 70 million years old), which were caused by a continental collision between the Indian and Eurasian tectonic plates, resulting in the development of the Himalayan…show more content…
The grasslands and coniferous forests can be found at the higher altitudes. The sub-tropical broadleaf forests are very well spread out between the middle altitudes. The tropical rainforests are scattered at the lower elevations. The flora of the Himalayas includes Deodar, Rhododendron, Juniper, teak, rosewood and Pine trees. The Himalayas serve as a natural habitat to some exotic species of animals like the snow leopard, wild goat, Tibetan sheep, musk deer and mountain goats. Besides the animals, many diverse and beautiful species of birds are found in the region such as the brown rock chat, grey bushchat, black rumped flameback woodpecker, verditer flycatcher, hill patridge and Himalayan bulbul which are simply a treat to the eyes. It is the source of three of the world 's major river systems: the Indus Basin, the Ganga-Brahmaputra Basin and the Yangtze Basin. The Himalayan region is dotted with hundreds of lakes. Most lakes are found at altitudes of less than 5,000 m 16,404 feet , with the size of the lakes diminishing with altitude. Tilicho Lake in Nepal in the Annapurna massif is one of the highest lakes in the

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