Reading and learning the Quran with comprehension together carries immense importance for the Muslims. In order to follow the right path, which is prescribed to us by Allah that is not only advised but obligatory for us to follow we must follow the teachings of Quran. Quran was brought down upon the Holy Prophet (PBUH) by Allah through series of revelations over a period of time. Quranic verses provide a source of guideline for the Muslims to lead a content life that is according to Allah. Reading the Book is in fact a guideline for the Muslims to live in peace, respect each other and follow the righteous path.
Addressing the whole of humanity as a single Ummah the Qur’an invites all humans to cultivate an attitude of peace(Ahmed 2015). Qur’an says: “And Allah calls to the abode of peace, and leads whom He will to a straight path” (Qur’an, 10:25). The word peace in its different forms appears in around one hundred and thirty-eight places in the Qur’an(Ahmed 2015). In the same vein Badawi, (2015) adds, the Qur’anic Arabic Term Jihad has been commonly mistranslated as “Holy War”. The Qur’an was revealed in Arabic, not in English.
According to Kurzman, it was only in the nineteenth century that liberal Islam began to distinguish itself clearly. There are few bodies in the eighteen century that made a big impact towards Liberal Islam, there are a group of people conducting the movement known as the ‘revivalism’ which sought to get rid of unoriginal interpretation of the Qur’an. Unlike the revivalist, the liberal aimed to widens the scope of interpretation of the Qur’an in order to get in line with their faith and modernity. Liberal Islam demanded the absence of binding interpretation of Qur 'an of earlier scholar as accord to them, those principle was far behind and no longer applicable in today’s sophisticated world. Liberal Islam is in the opinion that in interpreting the Qur’an, it should not be bound with disciplines like Asbab Nuzul, Nasikh wa al-Mansukh, interpretation of the prophet, Sunnah, and his companion.
In the second part, I argued that Islam (the Qur’an and Sunnah) is not oppressive to women. Rather, their patriarchal traditional interpretations are oppressive, which were interpreted in terms of men 's vision and desire. These interpretations tended to endorse gender inequality and discrimination against women. Hence, re-interpretive approaches of the religious text from a female perspective are needed for conceptualizing and establishing new guidelines for traditional Islam. Therefore, I have advocated modern re-interpretive approach from females’ perspective, through engaging in ijthad, in order to challenge traditional interpretations of Islamic principles.
(Muehlenberg, 2013) The Islamic world view does not acknowledge the Holy Spirit and Muhammad is regarded by some Muslims as the consoler or counsellor, which Isa promised in the Bible book of John 14:16.Therefore it is clear that the Islamic faith does not recognize the Trinity like the Christian world view. They believe that Allah is one and to worship any person other than Allah is godless, infidel’s, irreligious and unjustifiable. (Muehlenberg, 2013) The Christian world view or faith worship God, the Holy Spirit and Jesus Christ. (The Islamic faith incorrectly comprehends Christianity’s view by the doctrine of the Trinity: God the Father, The Holy Spirit, and Jesus the Son.) The term “Son of God” is also blasphemous to the Islamic Faith, for they believe that God did not take a wife or woman and in the flesh produced a child.
As with all religious and sacred texts, the writings of the Quran provide substantial room for conflicting understandings and interpretations of the societal implications that its edicts may have. Based on the document, there are several debates or controversies that might arise from these passages concerning views of women, of religious practice, of warfare, and of relationships with Jews, Christians, and non-Muslims. These debates and controversies are a source of much discussion in the twenty-first century, and shed light on and provide insight into the Quran’s understanding of God, of humankind, of the social life prescribed for believers, and of relations with other religious communities. One of the controversies that may arise
1.1. Inspiration in Islam In this section we will contrast the position of how the Muslim understands the way the Qur'an was written. In Islam, the Holy Qur'an (HQ) comes only through the intermediary of the Angel Gabriel (alleged) who came down from God through the seven levels of heaven to that interface between the unseen world and the earth (at one place in HQ called the lote tree [HQ 53:14]) to deliver the message to Muhammad. Muslims say that there is no blend of human and divine authorship in the Qur'an; God is the sole author of the Qur'an and that it contains no human composition at all. The message Qur'an speaks was delivered by God (Allah) as "from behind a veil or by sending a messenger (that is, the Angel Gabriel, alleged)
Moreover, Prophet Muhammad ordered Zaid Ben Thabet Ben A Dhaak Al Ansary Abu Kharejah to learn the Syriac language in order to read for the Prophet documents in this language . In the Holy Qur’an, God encourages people to get acquainted with each other, which implies learning foreign tongues and translating peoples’ cultures . Contrary to what Hassan has claimed, there have been many translations of the meanings of the Holy Qur’an
The quran was revealed in seven dialects (saba’ ahruf), hence Uthman (r.a) acquired the copy of quran held by Hafsa (r.a) and ordered Zaid ibn Thabit as well as other Sahaba to make copies of the original book in Quraishi dialect as it was the dialect of the Prophet and the most prominent one during that time. He sent each copy of the quran to major provinces of islam and all the fragments and parchments or items on which quranic verses were written, were ordered to be collected and burnt in order to avoid confusion and eliminate(finish) the differences as
HAZRAT UMAR GETS THE TITLE OF AL-FAROOQ: When Hazrat Umer (R.A) joined Islam and became a Muslim, he proclaimed his religious belief before the leaders of Quraish blatantly. Once, he got an authorization from Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH), he got to hold an open invite to all the Muslims to perform Salah. Hazrat Hamza, who had entered the circle of Islam prior to few days in front of Hazrat Umer (R.A), carried another get together for the Muslims in Holy Kabah. After the assemblage of all the Muslims in Holy Kaabah, the salat had been offered in a flock. The congregation was led by Holy Prophet (PBUH).