It said that there are 2,000 deaths every year from needless surgery; 7,000 deaths from prescription errors in hospitals; 20,000 from other errors in hospitals; 80,000 from infections in hospitals; and 106,000 deaths every year from non-error, fatal effects of medications. In all, 225,000 deaths occur per year in the US due to unintended medical errors. This assignment analyses on one of such cases of medical negligence. It will briefly summarize the case study in the first portion of this assignment. It will then define the 4 d’s of ethics which are namely Duty, Dereliction, Damage and Direct.
A poignant recent example of the latter occurred in various Phoenix VA Health Care System facilities. It is estimated that as many as 40 veterans may have died due to a delay in providing them with care. There are millions of records missing, and the medical system is 250,000 pages behind. This may become a national scandal, with incidents also occurring at VA facilities in Miami, Atlanta, and Pittsburgh, among others. If it can be proved that the deaths of these veterans occurred due to medical malpractice or negligence, it provides an example of a typical wrongful death
Surveys showed that around 800 Maori were admitted to hospital each year in that 140 per year die from stroke. Heart failure: Heart failure is a disease in which the heart fails to pump enough blood, it leads to shortness of breath, fluid retention and congestion. The main causes are coronary heart disease, smoking, hypertension, diabetes, excess alcohol intake and rheumatic heart disease (Robson & Harris,
With these degrees of exclusion, we 're all losers. Social cohesion is weakened, and conflict situations are created, generating violence and sick societies. More than nine million children die each year before their fifth birthday. Between 33% and 50% due to malnutrition. The cause of death is usually diarrhea, but behind it is acute deficits of necessary micronutrients.
Healthcare workers, patients and communities at large remain highly exposed to healthcare waste. Contaminated needles/ syringes and other supplies are unsafely disposed off in a number of countries and this pose a risk to healthcare workers and to the public at large. More than 16 billion injections are administered word wide. Of these, 95% are curative in nature, and 5% are administered in immunization setting. It is estimated that 50% of infections given in developing countries are unsafe, and these account for 33% of new hepatitis B virus, 43% of hepatitis C infections and 2.5% of new HIV infections (Path,
Forklifts are one joint source of accidents and injuries. In 2004, five employees were killed in storeroom forklift accidents, and an extra 2,390 workers continued injuries caused by forklifts. One main cause of forklift dead are overturns. Since forklifts have consistently sure to be a danger for workplace damages and dead, it is main for warehouse workers to be well qualified and trained in how to safely operate this gear. Extra common reason of warehouse employee damages are slip-and-fall accidents.
The average hospital in the US recorded that 8 hospital workers were injured and affected by occupational diseases for every 100 full-time workers. This amount was almost double for private industry (2). Overall potential hazards in the hospital, in addition to health problems such as infectious diseaseas, there are other potential hazards that may affect the situation and condition of the hospital, such as accidents caused by hazardous chemicals, anesthetic gases, accidents related to electrical installations, radiation, vibration, psychosocial and ergonomic disorders (3). Hospital is a service industry that has various complicated worker problems with various risks of occupational diseases and accidents according to the type of work, so that it is required to implement Occupational Safety and Health in Hospital (K3RS) (4). Nurses are the highest number of health personnel and the ones who have the longest contact with the patients, so that their job is very harmful.
Every year, millions of people die of drinking polluted water and it is reported that about 1.1 billion people in the globe do not have access to safe water. Consumption of poor quality water can exposes humans to bacterial diseases, metal poisoning and other health hazards. However, many people in poor countries consume water from for contaminated tube wells, rivers and springs directly leading their health in great risk. The contamination of the water source can be of natural origin or it can be caused by human activities. Natural calamities such as floods, landslides and dissolution of naturally occurring contaminants for eg: arsenic, boron, uranium and other metals and metalloids in grounder surface water, are some typical examples of natural contamination of water sources.
Researcher Landrigan took part in a published international study which attributed nine millions deaths in 2015 to pollution, mainly through diseases such as stomach cancer, heart conditions, and strokes. Illnesses like Dysentery, Arsenicosis, Typhoid fever, Malaria, and Lead poisoning can come from water pollution (Circle of Blue).Estimates suggest that nearly 1.5 billion people lack safe drinking water and that at least 5 million deaths per year can be attributed to waterborne diseases. With over 70 percent of the planet covered by oceans, people have long acted as if these very bodies of water could serve as a limitless dumping ground for wastes. Raw sewage, garbage, and oil spills have begun to overwhelm the diluting capabilities of the oceans, and most coastal waters are now polluted. Beaches around the world are closed regularly, often because of high amounts of bacteria from sewage disposal, and marine wildlife is beginning to