Health care is a very important factor in people’s lives. There is high demand in health care services in Thailand that many times hospitals have to transfer their patients to other hospitals when they can’t handle the extra number of patients. The major concerning area about this event is that all of the hospitals work and operate differently and have different ways to do their jobs. There is no standard between the hospital information systems and it can have negative impact on the quality of patient information in the systems, such as duplications, syntax errors and many nonstandard abbreviations. All in all, these problems are important to consider reducing because they have effects on operations in hospital and can cause decrease of patient visits, inefficiency in information management and increase of costs.
Running head: Kevin Holland Kevin Holland Clostridium difficile is becoming a major problem inside of hospitals. There are many reasons as to why the bacteria is becoming a top priority while treating patients mainly inside of the hospital setting. Hospital-induced infections, lack of a proper diet, and even when people do not perform proper hygiene is causing this bacteria that is considered normal biota, to flourish and cause gastrointestinal distress. Bacteria have spent millions of years growing and their whole goal is to keep doing that. A common symptom of Clostridium difficile is diarrhea (Aberra & Curry, 2017).
Any shortfall in this category may result in irrevocable or irreparable loss to the patients, particularly in surgery. Much attention should be given to correctly identify the patient during the entire hospitalization. To find solutions for these problems, an efficient automation system should be kept in a hospital to make the health care process free from any manual error -. Earlier, bar codes and wristbands have been utilized for this purpose, however, in some aspects, they become less effective. Later, the hospitals around the world realized the potential of the Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology which can be endorsed as one of the emerging technologies in the last decade.
Hospital waste management is another peculiar condition to administrative work in hospital and has become a burning issue these days for hospital administrators, as increased awareness of health and its related problems amongst the general public has led to the demand for comprehensive health care facilities which in turn require frequent visits to hospitals by the patients to undergo various tests. This results in the escalating amount of hospital waste generation in the environment. This hospital waste is not like domestic waste, but a potentially hazardous waste. Its unscientific disposal can pose serious problems to the public in general, and the hospital administrator in particular, as it results in increased morbidity due to chemical and radioactive toxicity in the environment and transmission of various diseases. The conventional waste disposal method does not work at all.
Thinking on a larger scale, Hospital food administration is a complex concern. Most of the hospitals work with large food manufacturers that are similar to school food caterers, etc. Thus, the hospital management does not focus on giving the right food for the right person at the right time. Most of the hospital canteens ' food affects the health of the patients. Hospital is supposed to be a second home for patients who are suffering from illness.
Target population This research will target patients attending TB outpatient clinic who will provide data on length of time spend on a queue, time spend during consultation with Consultant or Doctor. The doctors or Consultants and Nurses who will attend to the patients will also be observed. Sample Size determination Mutai, (2001) argues that the main factor considered in determining the sample size is the need to keep it manageable
Healthcare workers, especially nurses, are potential sources of nosocomial infections. Pathogens could be transmitted by hands from contact with people or inanimate objects in both the hospital settings and in the community. Nasal carriage of S. aureus is the most important aspect in the development of S. aureus infections. It is the main risk for the infection in patients undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis, hemodialysis, surgical patients and patients with intravascular devices (5,8). More patients are getting healthcare-associated Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia outside of the hospital.
Two types of costs are required to be incurred by hospitals for hospital waste management, internal and external cost. Internal cost is the cost for segregation, mutilation, disinfection, internal storage and transportation including hidden cost of protective equipment. External cost involves off site transport of waste, treatment and final disposal. Self contained onsite treatment methods (Mohan, 2011) shall be desirable and feasible for large hospital facilities. The biomedical wastes generated in Tamil Nadu are getting treated in the CBWTFs.
Science has shown that the most significant health determinants are very personal based on genes, sex, and age, the biological factors and behavior. Yet, many external factors such as the environment and those social and economic factors, policies, and services shaping the environment affect the second half of the definition of health. It is these health determinants which a hospital as foundational institution can shape. In recent years, research has suggested a linkage between the characteristics of the built environment and human health outcomes such as respiratory and cardiovascular health, fatal and non-fatal injuries, physical fitness, obesity, mental health, and social capital. Although the relationship between cause and effect is not proven, there are proof joining components of the built environment and health to order incorporation of health considerations in project
So it will highlight the issues and identify where the gap is and recommendation to improve this situation. As already mentioned, level of awareness and practices regarding Biomedical Waste management in Pakistan has been found to be unsatisfactory except few hospitals. So this study will highlight that strict implementation of biomedical waste management rules is the need of the