Ethnic identity begins to develop in an individual when that individual is of early adolescence. There are many models that illustrate this process, some of which are described within this paper. Many theorists have chosen to make this topic their topic of study, including Erik Erikson, James Marcia, and Jean Phinney. Each of these theorists used the models of previous theorists to construct their models, so although they all share several similarities, they are each different in their own way. The transition between elementary school to middle school can affect the way that adolescents mature mentally and cause them to think more about their identity and where they fit in the world.
A key aspect of Adolescence is experimentation and seeking identity. Adolescence is an important period of human development. In recent years, there has been an increasing interest on the area of adolescence and the behaviours and emotions that accompany this transition into adulthood. Many challenges and issues can arise on this journey of transition. Every person will go through the stages of adolescence.
According to Sigelman and Rider (2015), an adolescent’s progress towards identity formation in various domains is a product of five factors: Cognitive development, personality, quality of relationship with parents, opportunities for exploration and cultural context. Firstly, cognitive development plays a role in identity formation, because adolescents who are able to think in abstract ways, actively seek new information, which makes them more likely than other adolescents to resolve identity issues (Berzonsky & Kuk, 2000; Waterman, 1992). Secondly, personality plays a role in identity formation by influencing an individual in terms of their openness to experience and conscientiousness, which influences their exploration and identity achievement (Sigelman & Rider, 2015). Thirdly, the relationship with parents plays an important role in terms of closeness and autonomy (Sigelman & Rider, 2015). As previously mentioned, Andrew’s father is too controlling, which has limited Andrew’s ability to make decisions based on his own beliefs.
Social changes: (change child to teenager) • Searching for identity: The youth are trying to find out who they are and where they belong in the world. This can be influenced by gender, peer group, cultural background, media, school and family expectations. • Seeking more independence: this influences the decisions that teenagers make and the relationships that the teenager has with their family and friends. • Seeking more responsibility: Teenagers want to feel important and responsible both at home and at school • Looking for new experiences: depending on the nature of teenager, teenagers are likely to look for new experiences and get involved in more risk-taking behaviour. But they are still developing control over their impulses.
Pride and confidence is instilled in a person’s subconscious in the next stages, Internalization and Internalization-commitment(Akos, P., & Ellis, C. M.. 2008.). The next influence on the development of a person’s identity is gender. Gender does not have a meaningful impact on children until they reach approximately the age of four. From the ages of four to seven, children see gender as a definitive aspect of a person and force themselves and others to conform to their respective gender norms(Kerr, B.
A person going through puberty might notice changes in their reproductive organs and external genitalia. Adolescents also develop cognitively, developing a new level of social awareness and moral judgment. Adolescence is a time of confusion, teens having to decide whether they want to stay in their own world, or escape to the outside world. In other words, they choose whether to become independent or dependent. These changes in their environment are sometimes confusing, because teenagers are different in the ways they cope with it.
Information technology (IT) is a synonym for computers and computer networks , but it also encompasses other information distribution technologies such as television and telephones. Several industries are associated with information technology, including hardware, software, Background Literature 2.2 Teaching Teenagers So as to find out how different adolescents are from children, the researcher reflected upon their physical development, emotional maturity and cognitive ability. In an article entitled “The younger learner”, adolescence is subdivided into early adolescence for the years ten to fourteen, encompassing the biological changes of puberty and a new interest in the opposite sex, and middle adolescence, ages fifteen through seventeen, a time of increasing autonomy and self-discovery leading to clear identity formation. The same article states the physical, intellectual, emotional, social and moral characteristics of teenagers. CHARACTERISTICS TEENAGERS PHYSICAL Early adolescence is a time of rapid physical growth.
Emotions of the adolescence are described to be intense, uncontrolled, and seemingly irrational. The noted emotional tension of the adolescents in this stage could be attributed to the social conditions and pressures but adolescents who are properly guided are able