Stress has become a regular part of modern society. In the modern world, everyone is making adjustments to their everyday lives, which means they are under constant stress. According to Raminder Singh, the associate professor and head, Department of Education, Punjabi University Regional Centre, Bathinda, Punjab, India, stress can cause many different problems to the mind and body, and also is an emotional strain or tension resulting from adverse or very demanding circumstances. The effects of stress can harm certain peoples, while the stress on others tends to be routine. The average person deals with exceeded amounts of stress, with the fast-moving pace of the modern world.
Everyone encounters mental stress from day to day, from major life events to daily hassles. In this paper, both negative and positive effects of stress exercised on human physiological health is investigated. Effects of stress on the immune system, role as a cancer accelerator, pain inducer and cardiac disease initiator is researched upon. Although there are a number of researches supporting both positive and negative effects on human bodies, it is clear that stress can pose severe and even lethal effects on the human body when humans are exposed to stress for a long time. Stress can have an adverse impact on one’s immune system.
Humans experience stress almost every day in life. They are caused by different things but one of the most popular sources of stress is what we called environment stressors. This kind of stressors is found in the environment where the human being is living. Environmental stressors can be classified into 4 general types: cataclysmic events, stressful life events, daily hassles and ambient stressors (Baum, Singer & Baum, 1982; Campbell, 1983; Lazarus & Cohen, 1977). Cataclysmic events are the sudden calamities (earthquakes, floods, storm, volcanic eruptions and others) that stipulate major adjustment response from those individuals whom where directly affected by the incident.
Whilst stress becomes extreme, employees develop several of stress symptoms that can lower their performance and health and even intimidate their ability to deal with up with the situation. Work stress has become a familiar term in today’s parlance. In every organization, the major cause of shortfall in productivity is because of stress at workplace. Human resources need assured kind of motivation and work stress mitigating ways to overcome their stress. This research is focused to look at the major factors causing work stress and explain how it have an effect on job performance of the
Stress is a part of human life. Everybody experiences stress. According to Kalat (2008), stress is “an event or events that are interpreted as threatening to an individual and which elicit physiological and behavioral responses” (as cited in McEwen, 2000, p. 173). However, stress gives different definitions according to certain people. The first person may define stress as when they have a lot of things to do and do not have much time to accomplish it where the other person define stress as being unemployed for long time.
In today’s world, the stresses become an inescapable everyday. The stress is facing people everywhere in their house, schools, work place or even while driving on the road. The world has become stressful and more complicated place. The stress is incapability of the human mind to get by with physical and imagined threats that it has encounter on a daily basis. Stress can lead to all sort of mental and physical illnesses.
Life events and pressures of lifestyle have a forceful impact on our lives. Today’s high life vogue will take a significant toll in our activities. Stress may be a half and parcel of all human existence. It inevitably accompanies all the challenges of our lives. In most cases we have a tendency to master these challenges but there area unit times once the challenges exceed our capability to adapt.
1.1 THEORETICAL BACKGROUND CONCEPT OF STRESS Every individual survive by continually adapting to the demands of an ever-changing environment. The work of various researchers has lead to conceptualization of words stress and coping. Erkutlu & Chafra (2006) explains stress as a response of an individual to demands (stressors) placed on him and describes this situation as disequilibrium between person and his surrounding. This situation occurs due to failure to cope successfully with demands. It is psychobiological response of an individual to psychological or physical needs that affects the wellbeing of a person (Laposa et al 2003).
Stress is not only an individual’s problem, but the problem of the community. Factors such as where we live, the state of the environment, genetics, income and education level, and relationships with friends and family all will have considerable impacts on health. A study by university of California showed stress due to work, family, finances, traumatic events (bereavement in the family), and neighbourhood issues lead to atrial fibrillation in more than 26,200 women in San Francisco. In India, apart from all these factors the changing culture and eventually the lifestyle of the community affects the individual. Thus, change in life style and the social factors are vital contributors to stress (Curtis et al,
There is no doubt about it that life is full of stress and although stress affects people of all ages, it is where middle adulthood is a time of both stability and change (Kail & Cavanaugh, 2013). Stress and health is understood through a dominant framework used to study stress - the stress and coping paradigm, which emphasizes the transactions between the individual and the environment. Coping refers to our attempt to deal with stress (Sigelman & Rider, 2014). In addition, the Association of Qualitative Research (2013) stated, “it is suggested that different psychological tasks have been undertaken as the individual matures, and transitions between life stages can be times of crisis” (p. 1). The types of experiences or situations individuals’