The advent of globalisation has increased the prevalence of human trafficking and it is paramount for us to assess our ability to combat trafficking with the sole international instrument aimed at doing so; the UN Protocol. The Protocol aims to: ‘prevent trafficking, punish traffickers and protect the victims of trafficking’. However, these three aims do not receive an equal importance in the protocol and enforcement of criminal law provisions, to punish traffickers, have stronger obligations. This is seen from articles focussing on criminalisation, which are given greater emphasis in the protocol, with detailed language on acts that must be criminalized, law enforcement training, law enforcement information exchange, and border measures. However,
Suggestion to Improve Management and Prevention of Sex Crime The sex crime is carried out by a motivated offender and the ways to minimize the chance provided to the offenders to commit a crime is the most important measure. Preventative recidivism among sex offenders requires more extensive measures comprising of supervision, assessing weaknesses through cognitive behavior therapy and chemical treatment (Leclerc, Proulx, & Beauregard, 2009). Therefore, multiple regulation and prevention method can be performed to make the current method more comprehensive. In response to the problem of cyber safeties, the current prevention method adopt is to emphasize the dangers of meeting an online friend in real life. The government highlight
As explained previously, those who are effected by human trafficking and disproportionality in worse conditions than those who should be making the policies to change the consistencies with which human trafficking continues to occur. Even without governmental support, many non-profit organization, like Marcela’s have been set up in order to better assist those who are victims from human trafficking, and to educate more on the dangerous and perils of it occurring. Through education, hope for the prevention and decrease of human trafficking exist. However, in order to assist those who have already found themselves in situations of forced labour or prostitution, ultimately, it is through collaborative governmental efforts that livelihoods can be returned to those who have been stripped of theirs. Governments need to be supportive of their citizens, by offering support to victims and re-integration programs to better assist victims in returning to society.
If criminals do not serve their term, they are more likely to commit more crime as having not undergone rehabilitation. In addition, we should honour the victim's family and allow them to come to closure. Abolition of double jeopardy would at least increase the chances of closure for the grieving family instead of just cutting of everything after the verdict. Think of their unimaginable agony they go through, the murderer of their loved ones allowed to roam the streets. Their persistence in the search for new evidence should be encouraged, helping the state improve their justice system by helping reach the correct verdict in the end.
It also accentuates the importance for the justice system of protecting and serving the public through crime reduction. Crime control 'values' include the notion that that those thought to be guilty may be pursued regardless of the rules that may be in place for protecting the rights of suspects. The conviction of the innocent is accepted because the ultimate goal of convicting the guilty overrides civil liberties. The crime control model is considered to be a conservative approach to crime that focuses on protecting society from criminals by regulating criminal conduct and justice. Moreover, this model stresses strict and swift punishment for crimes; in return, this strict adherence benefits society by striking fear in criminals because they will be harshly punished.
and in any other industry, proper precautions are always taken to ensure that this does not happen. You should petition to have the Nordic Model enacted by law within your state or local government so that women can be supported and be seen as equals, not as something to be bought and sold. The Nordic Model protects prostituted women by creating an environment where there are repercussions for buying a person for sex. By criminalizing the purchase of sex, you are creating a deterrent for this behavior. The Nordic Model also criminalizes those who traffic women to sell for sex, also known as Pimps.
Criminals in such acts also do have a need for control and sense of entitlement. c) Financial gains are the priority. This might not be the case always, peer pressure or company culture also might drive an individual to commit such crimes. CONCLUSION The increase in the rate of white collared crimes shows the poor governance structure in the country results in the decrease of foreign investment. The recent decrease in investment by foreign entities during 2011 when major scams have been unearthed clearly shows the negative impact of corruption and fraud.
Another difference lies in the consistency with general perception and other studies of shadow work. Bernard and White’s findings are quite in line with the general idea that undocumented migrant work is characterised by high level of vulnerability, confirmed by tragedies reported by the press and denounced by NGOs. Sanders’ study, on the contrary, runs counter the widespread view that women sex workers are always passive victims with no real agency. The finding of case studies are not meant to be generalised, but any attempt to generalise Sanders’ assertion might thus stir more controversy than in the case of Bernard and White’s study. This being so, Sanders’ study is certainly useful to shed light on some less well-known aspects of sex
3.1 factors leading to human trafficking in South Africa Many factors may play a role in the projected high percentage of incidents of trafficking in persons that go unreported or undiscovered for instance, under the current legislative regime in South Africa, there are disincentives for victims of human trafficking to turn themselves in, as they may be prosecuted for prostitution or other crimes (Najemy, 2010). Additionally, South Africa ‘s current witness protection program fails to provide complete support and protection for victims and therefore may also deter human trafficking victims from stepping forward. Researchers also contend that access to victims is difficult as they are hard to identify (Najemy, 2010). The policy paper published
In practice, however, human beings may be and are trafficked from one poor area to another poor area as well for reasons best known to the traffickers, a fact that has been endorsed by various research works and documentation across the world. The process of trafficking is planned and implemented by traffickers for meeting their own selfish goals and they use every possible means to achieve their goal and hence it will be wrong to assume that people , women and children mostly, are trafficked from a relatively under developed to more developed areas and this is not always true. This fact also shows that trafficking primarily is a human rights issue. Trafficking violates the basic human rights of all those who are trafficked. There is deprivation of Right to life, Right to security, Right to privacy, Right to health, Right to self determination etc.