Essay On Hydraulic System

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Introduction of Hydraulics One of the most substantial systems used around the world when dealing with machinery is hydraulic systems. Hydraulic systems are used in a wide variety of applications from small types of machinery to massive complex assemblies. The word “Hydraulics” can be simply defined as the usage of a compressed or confined liquid to produce power, motion, or force. It is derived from the greek words “hydro” which means water, and “autos” which means pipe. “The basic idea behind any hydraulic system is very simple: Force that is applied at one point is transmitted to another point using an incompressible fluid. The fluid is almost always an oil of some sort. The force is almost always multiplied in the process.” (How…show more content…
When dealing with fluid flow and fluid systems, it’s important to understand what kind of viscosity the fluid has to better control the output of the system. A big factor that affects viscosity is the temperature in which the fluid will be in. If the fluid is in a higher temperature, the viscosity will be low and the flow will be high. If the fluid is in a lower temperature environment, the viscosity will be higher and the flow will be lower. Making sure that the user has the proper viscosity and flow is key in having the maximum performance for the system. When it comes to temperature, the fluid must be required to be somewhat fire resistant and have a good “Pour point.” When dealing with the fire resistance, the chosen fluid must not allow a flame to flash back to the source of ignition and should not sustain a combustion after the source of ignition is removed. If the fluid does, it can cause serious issues and/or damage the equipment or users of the hydraulic system. On the contrary, the fluid must also have an adequate pour point. The pour point is the coldest temperature the fluid is able to flow without freezing. When choosing the fluid for an hydraulic system, the rule of thumb is to choose a fluid that can withstand 20 degrees lower than any expected temperature to allow a type of safety net for the

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