Gauging Evil Do you remember that time you offered to give your sibling something in exchange for them keeping their mouth shut about something they saw you do? That small fraudulent act would land you right down in Circle Eight, Bolgia Five of Hell in Dante’s Inferno. Now that may seem like severe over punishment, but it has it's reason. In The Inferno by Dante Alighieri sinners are placed in concentric rings all approaching the center of Hell. The rings are ordered not by the severity of the crime, but by the darkness of the heart of the sinner.
“Abandon all hope ye who enters here” (Canto 3, line 5). An allusion is an implied and or indirect reference to a person, place, event, or thing or to another book, poem, or movie. Many allusions are based on the assumption that the reader will understand the author 's references. In Dante’s Inferno, there are references and allusions to famous lovers and people known for not being in control of their bodies who are in the Carnal. In Dante’s Inferno, there are several allusions referring to people who are famous for their lustful sins.
When thinking of life choices would one see themselves being punished for their decisions or does one assume the afterlife will be forgiving? The Divine Comedy: Inferno, written by Dante Alighieri, depicts the flaws of politics and the Holy Roman Catholic Church. The papal authorities are corrupt and the church is not following its own rules. Dante, the protagonist, goes on a journey through the nine levels of hell. He starts out feeling pity for the souls, and as he makes his journey down into the levels of hell, he starts to realize that the acts the people committed are sinful and they deserve the punishments they receive.
People tend to be judged by how others perceive them to be, rather than how they actually are. This statement is shown in the play, Inherit the Wind by Jerome Lawrence and Robert E. Lee. One example from the play in which this type of unfair judgement is displayed is when the news of Henry Drummond being the defense attorney for Bert Cates was announced. “Henry Drummond, the agnostic… A vicious, godless man… Henry Drummond is an agent of darkness. We won’t let him in the town… God didn’t make him, that he is a creature of the Devil, perhaps even the Devil himself.” (27-28).
Dante believed the most serious sins and acts of man dealt with fraud and betrayal. He reasoned that these sinners deserved the most crucial punishments Hell must offer. Therefore, the sinners in the deeper parts of Hell, sent to circles seven and eight, included those who caused religious conflict in
To convince sinners who haven't accepted christ to accept him, Jonathan Edwards most effectively appeals to man emotion through metaphor that are meant to reveal what could happen. “The pit is prepared, the fire is made ready.” The pit is referring to hell. Hell is hot and ready for the people who die without christ. The metaphor is made to scare people. The story also compares hell to a furnace which is pretty much the same thing as a pit.
Edwards elaborates on his claim and states if God were to spare the audience now, they would “immediately sink and plunge into a bottomless gulf” of Hell. This dramatic imagery shows the Puritans that God will no longer come to their rescue because the Puritans have chosen to serve Satan. Edwards tries to reach his audience by saying Hell is a “great furnace of wrath” where sinners belong. This description of Hell shows Edwards belief that sinners will pay for not serving God by facing God’s wrath in Hell. Each claim made by Jonathan Edwards motivates the audience to stop serving Satan in order to escape the “very misery to all eternity” that is Hell.
Dante ensures this happens by using the concept of contrapasso, which describes the relationship between sin and the resulting justification in Hell. The literal definition of contrapasso is the 'counter-strike' or the 'counter-suffering which translates literally as "counter-penalty." And in Dante’s Hell, sinners are punished according to the nature of their sin, so that their punishment fits their crime. And as we see throughout the story, some sinners literally become the personification of their sins while others become victims in Hell of the crimes they committed while on
Hostility or Compassion? Dante Alighieri, was exiled from Florence, Italy, because of politics, after he was exiled he wrote an epic about his view of Hell. In the epic, The Inferno, Dante, the protagonist, strays from the right path, so Virgil, his guide takes him through Hell to show him that he needs to get back on the path of God. However during the epic, Alighieri shows compassion and hostility to certain sinners through his protagonists actions, diction and extra punishments. Such sinners he felt compassion or hostility to are Filippo Argenti, Ser Brunetto Latino, and Bocca Degli Abbati.
Not surprisingly then does Dante put his enemies, corrupt politicians, in Hell. Inferno begins by following Dante as he falls from his path of moral truth. Sin has obstructed his path to God. We never know what type of sin Dante has committed, this is not important, he has simply strayed from the straight path. Because the hero of the Inferno is also the writer, we have to look at both aspects of him, Dante the author and Dante the character.