With the rise of monopolies, small companies and farmers suffered immensely likewise wages were cutback which led to many strikes and boycotts throughout the nation. However, Monopolies also lowered prices for various goods. Wealth increased due to the rich investing it and expanding new markets, which opened new job opportunities for non-skilled and skilled workers alike. Many companies also made it their duty to improve the community by funding myriad
Globalization is a key theme that has been discussed in almost all of the above articles. Aguilar and Herod’s (2006) article argues that cleaners in the contemporary economy continue to suffer low wages and poor working conditions because of neo-liberalization. Neo-liberalization has resulted in many companies embracing the outsourcing of employees to save up on wages and social security benefits. From Banerjee’s (2007) article, it is clear that neo-liberalization and globalization are the main reasons that have led to an increase in working hours. This has made many companies restructure job designations because they want to maintain the long working hours and low wages.
Thus, despite immigrants being accepted into America, those immigrants were still treated far worse than white citizens between the 1840s and 1920s, for the prejudice against them was obvious even in the laws created. During the 1840s-1850s Americans saw a huge increase in the number of immigrants arriving in America, and this only lead to white American citizens fearing them during that period. There was fear for many reasons, the main reason being Americans feared that immigrants would steal their jobs. Namely these jobs were in New York city and other large coastal
Poverty and the Working Poor “When the poor or newly poor are asked to define poverty, however, they talk not only about what’s in the wallet but what’s in the mind or the heart” (Shipler 10). The United States of America is a place which has an enormous population filled with foreigners and immigrants. Many enter America to get a better job, a fresh start, and to live the American Dream. In the 21st century, the gap between the rich and the poor has greatly widened even though America’s economy has skyrocketed as the years go by. Poverty has been a major issue due to various occasions but people who are in the middle and higher classes do not know the hardships these poor workers go through just so that they could have a chance to own valuables.
Since laws were published to force factory owners to pay out the minimum wage to the workers, the working class began to make more money. On the other hand, middle class has emerged out of the wealthy upper class, this leads to a better life for everyone. Besides all those positive impacts about the Industrial Revolution, there are also some negative impacts on working conditions. First of all, factories are mostly dirty and dangerous. There were no legal minimum wage or safety issues.
While the forty-hour work week was officially established with the signing of a single bill, the history of the legislation and the American work week is deeply rooted in the transformation of America. The Industrial Revolution of the nineteenth century radically altered the industrial culture of the United States, which had previously consisted of thirteen colonies that were dependent upon agriculture and small-scale, domestic production. During the period, cities, factories, and industries developed, turning the country into a commercial and material nation. As production capacity increased, the need for laborers increased and factories often required employees to work many onerous hours in hazardous conditions. Moreover, lower class workers, along with women and children, were exploited for their labor capacity and paid extremely miniscule salaries for strenuous and perilous hours of work.
People depended on income for many reasons and just as they were trapped with their jobs they are also trapped with the need to earn money it was one of the reasons they left their homelands and traveled to America to earn lots of money and become rich. The city was not a pleasant place to resign there was not many options as to where you could live. Many immigrants were traveling to the city for employment this lead to “overcrowding, pollution, and poor housing” (lecture 9/8/15). There was so many people trying to live in the same location so there was houses filled with lots of people the freedom to live alone was a possibility that you could obtain if you could afford it. One could purchase a house of their own, but with it came the trap that was the fear of losing the home and dealing it’s overwhelming debt.
Illegal immigration has been around ever since borders were created to divide the world. The reasons for illegal immigration, stretch from escaping unstable governments, seeking job opportunities, and making money. In the United States, most of the current illegal immigration comes from Mexico and Latin America because of poverty and the lack of jobs (Wilson, Armstrong). The United States provides many cheap labor positions in construction and farming where business owners are looking for immediate workers that will get the job done. Unfortunately, illegal immigrants cost the U.S. government around $11.4 billion to $20.2 billion each year due to the use of America’s goods without paying all their taxes (Amadeo).
Cheap labor with little tax between the countries, US manufacturers are drawn to the south to mass produce products to be sold around the world, sparking the debate of job loss in America. Life in Maquiladoras is brutal and the working conditions are atrocious and, simply put, a violation of Human rights. Numerous workers have given reports telling of the chemicals that they breath in, the unsafe machinery that is being used and the disregard for the Mexico’s labor laws. Heavily subsidized corn entered the Mexican market place at cheaper production costs lowering the consumption price. This put thousands of Mexican farmers out of work, which in turn contributed to the mass migration farmers looking for work.
Furthermore, globalization also increases income inequality by favouring wealthy corporations as they have the resources to expand their businesses creating more profits. For instance, if a company moves production of a particular product to an economically disfavoured country, people in industrialised countries tend to lose their jobs, simultaneously creating job opportunities for the people in the developing country. Numerous individuals in this nation work for a menial pay contrasted with those in industrialized nations, henceforth, they frequently stay poor furthermore don't have adequate protection, for example, social and health insurance. While wealthy companies flourish, small businesses do not have the capital to grow globally and cannot compete in the market leading to a big gap in small business profits and big business profits. Also leading to a crowding after effect on small businesses and more income for the already wealthy corporations which exacerbates inequality between the poor and the rich.