The greatest literary works reflect the human condition: from adversity come epiphanies of wisdom and heroism. Despite varying time periods and cultures, literature shows how solely through hardship can humanity heroically advance with wisdom. For example, The Iliad’s conflict between the Greeks and the Trojans show the wisdom of humanity in war and the heroic acts of war. The Iliad and The Biography of the Prophet show the human condition of suffering as the sole means of bringing heroic acts and the advancement of humanity in wisdom. In The Iliad, the suffering in war provides the way for the characters can gain glory though heroic acts.
They both concur heavily that humankind displeased God’s honor by not obeying his predetermined boundaries. The arrogant approach Beatrice takes is enough to convince Dante of her theory. She formats her argument beautifully including a well described creation story depicting the humans as rational creatures God created to love and worship him. Her explanation after reading Dante’s mind in regards to earth, fire and water is superior to Anselm. Both preach humans were crafted to live forever originally, but the trespassing demanded compensation to reinstate God’s dignity as the greatest conceivable being.
In The Iliad, a real hero is brave and must not stand down, but also be victorious and willing to fight for his land. Paris offered to fight himself to not cause his innocent men to be killed, and Achilles actually won to bring justice to his dead friend Patroclus. In reality, none of these two men are the hero. Clearly, both men were being brave and killed many men, but it is not just about being the strongest and courageous. For the Iliad, there is a heroic code that a character must complete all of the guidelines to it to be considered a hero.
This is what drove him to become courageous and fight in the war, abandoning his other potential fate, where he could have lived a long happy life. WHEN DOES ACHILLES CHOOSE TO FIGHT IN WAR? EXTRACT Q AROUND LINE 64 Achilles also joins the Trojan war again to avenge his best friend, Patroclus. Instead of feeling dutiful like Hector, Achilles was driven by grief and madness when he made this choice. What drives Achilles to fight is more personal.
He is an epic hero which means he had to face a low point. However, the low point does not define the hero, the action and recovery to the low point is what defines the hero. Knowledge of the future can cloud the judgement of even the most intelligent people. Odysseus makes his decision and he has to face the consequences and deal with the grief of losing his men in a tragic way. He learns that his actions can determine the life of others, or at least how they live their final days.
Young men are often told during war that they should become a soldier, for honor and glory. As a result, many young men are pressured into joining the military, or even join willingly, due to this over glorification. All Quiet on the Western Front by Erich Maria Remarque and “Dulce et Decorum Est” by Wilfred Owen discuss this very topic. Quite similar works, both feature ex-soldiers as their authors. Therefore, while both “Dulce et Decorum Est” and All Quiet on the Western Front discuss
These abilities are important as a warrior because both his men and the hero reflect and are influenced by them. Some of the abilities are excellence in war, courage, leadership and fighting qualities. These qualities are seen through the heroic characters Hector and Achilles. When Achilles is not present with his men, the Greeks are well defeated by the Trojans with no motivation or support. Achilles is also described by his men as a power figure when the poem says “These were his words,/ and all Achaeans gave a roar of joy/ to hear the Prince abjure his rage.” (R 23-35).
Many of early Anglo-Saxon heroes longed for fame and achieved it only through extraordinary feats of daring in combat and other heroic codes. The hunt for fame is the most important thing for a person who is trying to create his name in the world. Beowulf is a men who wants to achieve everlasting fame and is really concerned about how the the world is gonna see him. His desire for fame is what enabled him defeat Grendel and his mom. Seamus Heaney States “Hygelac’s
Hitler lost the war at a time when people were globally embracing ideas of compassion, ethics, and human rights. “In response to these injustices, the Human Rights Convention specifically includes a right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion” (Weller, 2017). Not only was this the beginning of global human rights but also this held Hitler accountable for his actions. Alexander the Great led a hugely successful conquest at a time when most nations were trying to do the same thing. His actions were not exactly considered “wrong” because the places he conquered were just seen as another step in his greater mission.
In this story, the final years of the Trojan War are described and explained from different sides. The book’s main focus is on the Achaean side, specifically the character Achilles, in whom we can see correlations with Joseph Campbell’s Hero With A Thousand Faces and the Homeric Pattern. Achilles was seen as one of the biggest heroes of his day, however, some people today disagree. After examining Achilles’ actions and motivations throughout the story, it can be seen that he is not the hero his people believed him to be. Achilles is the son of the goddess Thetis, and therefore one of the strongest immortals.