Their own rules. this helps them develop the ability to coordinate and plan with others as well as control their impulses. Next, dramatic play encourages language development. Children nowadays are motivated to communicate their wishes to their peers and must learn to speak on behalf of their roles. Dramatic roles play also support literacy which is provides perfect play for children to increase comprehension as children love to act out their favorite dramatic role plays.
1) Creative Drama in the Classroom According to Annarella (1992), creative drama can help students to create unique thinking skills, inventive creativity, and cognitive thinking skills. Also, it can stimulate the development of oral and written communication skills. The author expresses that if creative drama use in a social context, it can demonstrate the student the way to be empathetic to the needs of others and thus the student should be better able to form a value judgment. Creative drama is a holistic approach to academic learning. In the article, there are some non-threatening exercises and examples about how to use creative drama in the classroom.
Drama activities are not only used as games (language games), but also serve as a teaching tool. Any learning has to be monitored to assess the progress of a child, which is possible only through evaluation and analysis. The main point here is to give constructive feedback, valuing the students` performances, finding something positive to comment on, putting emphasis not only on the end product and language but also on the process that they went through, following the holistic approach. “If students easily tend to be distracted, then an effective assessment makes students not only concentrate on others’ performances but also improves their abilities of self-learning. It becomes easy for teachers to manage the class” (Hu 10).
For drama is considered a useful and a unique teaching tool, vital for language development. Dramatic activities include role-play, simulation, games, acting and miming. These activities give the students opportunities to explore ideas and characters in the target language. The preparatory work which involves discussion is more important than presentation. For the focus is on doing rather than presentation.
Holistic teaching focuses on preparing the learner to meet any challenges they may face in life and within a work setting. They can learn about themselves, develop resilience and develop social and emotional development. A learner who feels confident and valued will be more able to absorb new knowledge and apply to real work settings and is more likely to continue their studies when they see it affecting them in a meaningful way. If as an assessor you are mindful to the learner as an individual and take into account their learning style and abilities it aids you in tailoring your teaching manner and methods that give all the best chance of success. It is good to show they are being stretched and challenged and evidence this in their feedback to aid their professional
Play is very important in developing cognitive, physical, social, and emotional well-being of children. Play gives parents and teachers opportunity to gain powerful insights into the child’s mind. Play also allows children to the opportunity to socialize and the capacity to mature emotional. According to proponents of the concept, play enables children to make sense of their world. Children possess a natural curiosity to explore and play acts as a medium to do so.
When encouraging our students to learn another language we need to recognise and satisfy their ‘whole person’ needs and abilities. In other words we need to address physical, mental and psychological as well as purely linguistic needs. Typically language learning is confined to the mental world of problem-solving, rule application and artificial contexts. Drama is a way of unlocking the ‘whole-person’ and developing physical, creative, imaginative and emotional responses to learning contexts. Essentially drama liberates the student from the confines of the conventional classroom environment and structure and gives the student the opportunity to draw on their own experiences and imagination, in creating the material on which part of the language class is based.
The ability to learn independently is the ultimate goal of meaningful learning. To be able to achieve this, lectures are designed in such a way as to be meaningful for students. So, meaningful learning occurs when the student plays an active role in the learning process and is finally able to decide what to learn and how to learn it Through meaningful learning the students are expected to be better able to recognize and develop all the knowledge they have. In addition, students are also fully aware of the importance of using the various learning resources that surround them, encouraging students to think systematically, critically, responsively. cultivate an active learning ability in students and explore the ability of students and lecturers to jointly develop in a variety of knowledge of skills and experience.
Learners need to be excited and have fun in learning. Learners should be given opportunities to make their own decision in learning process to make them feel sense of achievement. Students become more productive in learning if they have energy, excitement and enjoy their learning. It is important that children are able to feel like they are able to make mistakes and to take risks in their learning. Students can be empowered through the process of guided inquiry.
1.1.Drama activities: Drama activities are fantastic imaginary games that will make children and also adults eager towards learning English. Today language teaching has moved towards a "whole person" approach that could put the learner at the center of learning process .Drama activities have very important roles in these process, and provide a safe environment and more practice to confront with the unpredictable nature of language. Drama activities are considered as practice for socialization so in this case not only the language develops but also social skills in communication will be practiced. Drama activities in the classroom are divided into: Dramatization, and roleplaying. 1.1.1Dramatization: Dramatization method involves a range of techniques for teaching foreign languages, so it is a modern social technique and a kind of role-playing that apply two ways: by transformation of monologue into a dialogue or by staging a one-act play based on literary work.