Not only by exposing them to the language they will speak, read and write the English language correctly, students must learn and understand the meaning of words. Vocabulary words help any English language learner communicate effectively with any other person. According to Wilkins (1972), “Vocabulary is central to English language teaching because, without sufficient vocabulary, students cannot understand others or express their own ideas.” On the other hand, many teachers recognize the importance of teaching vocabulary and they must emphasize it daily in their lessons. Among many skills, vocabulary in context is one of the most commonly used. To aid vocabulary in context, the use of a Card-file among other strategies may enrich the student’s experience and understanding of what they speak, read, and
First of all, Language Awareness is a bridge which helps to connect English and foreign language in curriculum (Hawkins 1974 cited in Hawkins 1999). It provides a forum for learners and teachers to discuss a variety of languages in common vocabularies. For instance, children have the opportunity to learn numbers, colours and animals in three languages. Besides, these activities foster language awareness as teachers use children’s existing experience and knowledge of their first language in order to make sense of a new language (Bolitho 2003). This will help children to relate and understand better of the new language.
(Richards, 2008, p.19) For many teachers, teaching speaking is so important. Burns and Goh (2012, p. 1-2) claim that teachers do much efforts to help their students develop their speaking abilities. For them speaking skill is important because of three main reasons. First, all language learners should be able to communicate well with the foreign language speakers. Second, many students are good in reading and writing, but they have poor speaking and listening abilities.
Grammar is a system and structure of language. To me grammar is more than just knowing the rules and standards; it is being able to apply them in writing. Growing up I was taught all of the grammar rules through many grammar worksheets. However, my Pedagogical Grammar class gave me a new outlook on how to teach grammar. I will use strategies learned from my peers, research, experience, and my grammar class to explain how I will teach my students grammar.
So British pronunciation is the acceptable correct pronunciation in English Second Language. The overall aim of teaching English Second Language is to develop learners’ communicative skills for meaningful interaction in the multicultural society. Therefore, English need conscious attention specifically on pronunciation of words, not just a concern to English teachers but all subject teachers. Thus, responsibility is required to assist learners, so that they could be able to read words correctly or effectively in all subjects. During my SBS experience, the researcher observed learners reading words with wrong pronunciations or mispronouncing some words.
Thus, the ability in speaking skill is a crucial and important part of second language learning and teaching process. The mastery of speaking skill in the English language is a priority for many second language or foreign language students. Even though periods of focusing on language form and enhance vocabulary are important in English language learning, but developing the students’ ability to really communicate with English in the classroom are the main goal of an English language teaching. At the end of the study, the students should be able to communicate effectively in English for study, work, and leisure outside the classroom. Therefore, it is essential that English teachers pay great attention in teaching speaking to the students.
U.S. is known as the place of opportunities and education is the biggest way to accomplish one 's dreams but when someone moves to the U.S. from another country not being fluent in English can be a huge barrier to being able to accomplish what one wants, and being successful in the educational system. Therefore, the people who control the education system have set specific standards in order to teach students who are learning the English language. The set standard for students who don 't speak English is supposed to help them to learn English and keep up with the subjects that the other students who speak English are learning and are being tested on. The idea of that is great and should promote both content retention and the development of the English language at an academic level, but that is not happening. This program in theory would very beneficial to a lot of English language learners but the way the course is set up the main focus is not teaching the students content rather than teaching them english.
Today, many people can strongly feel the importance of people who can not only read English but speak in English. I think teachers should adopt other methods such as Audio Lingual method and Comprehension approach. When I was in Junior high school, some teachers taught English using Audio Lingual method. The textbook that I used at Junior high school had lots of sentence patterns. My teacher required us to repeat the sentences.
Aural means related to sense of hearing and oral related to verbal communication. Surely when the student is getting better in both listening and speaking they will reach communicative competence. Communicative competence refers to the level of language learning that enables language users to convey their message to others and to understand others’ messages within specific context (Hymes, 1972). Of course to reach this competence, both listening and speaking improvement is really needed. The Aural-Oral approach is very effective to be implemented in English Language Teaching in case to build communicative competence of student.
In Indonesia, English is taught in class as a foreign language to students in elementary school, secondary and higher education. Students are expected to fulfill the needs in mastering all the skills in English. There are four skills in English which divided into production skills (writing and speaking) and receptive skills (reading and listening). English skills exist in the curriculum of Indonesian education and must be assembled to the students in order to master the language. As it is stated in the establishment of the Standard of Content (Kemendikbud, 2015),EFL instruction is expected to meet the needs to master all the four language skills, and the four skills are needed to be taught in an integrated way.Megawati and Mandarani (2016) state that a communication can be done only if a person is mastering the four skills of language that are listening, reading, writing and speaking.Beside the students