To apply formative assessment effectively in the classroom, teachers have to know about formative assessment principles so that they can optimize the opportunities for gathering evidence. In so doing, it helps improve students’ learning process. Black and William (1998a) “set out four main headings for formative assessment practice: sharing learning goals, questioning, self/ peer assessment and feedback”. o Sharing learning goals: teachers give students an opportunity to get involved in what they are learning through discussing and deciding the criteria for success, which they can then use to recognize proof of improvement. Hence, information about learning objectives as well as success criteria needs to be presented in clear, explicit language which students can understand.
When teachers plan their lesson in a good way, they can provide their students with multi of resources that may help them a lot. With the help of raising questions, some guidance, flexibility, knowing how to stimulate the students and having their attention to participate will make the lesson perfect. Good teachers should make the lesson meaningful by using any possible mean to make the lesson easier and more interesting. They should prepare the methods in which they will explain the subject. If the material is not clear, an effective teacher can reproduce the material to suit his or her students (Moreno,
The Rationale Feedback is closely related to learning and teaching theories making it a significant element in learning despite the theories that may be adapted. In the learning environment, the purpose of feedback may vary but the tutor is bestowed with the responsibility to provide positive reinforcement to encourage students’ applications of learning in new environments. With feedback, both the student and tutors get to a common ground where success in learning can be quantified. Literature Review From
In other words, formative assessment is used to assess students learning. I believe this the most effective way of assessing students because a teacher can modify teaching and learning activities to improve student's achievement in the process of
Introduction Enhancing learning for students involves more than just being able to apply general learning and teaching principles or guidelines. In Educational Studies 1: Classroom Learning and Student Development, we have been learned about how students learn. Most importantly, it involves inquiry-based activities which familiarize us with the roles of teachers in promoting learning and catering for student diversity and individual differences. Throughout the past lessons, one of the most influential, inspiring theories is the theories of motivation to understand and improve educational processes, which means helping our students see the true value of what they are doing and giving them reasonable expectation of success in achieving it.
While language assessment aims to create more authentic and motivating assessment procedures that are appropriate for their context & designed to offer constructive feedback to students. Main factors that has to be considered while preparing a language assessment is the purposes of the assessment and whether the test items serve to the purpose. This is where reliability and validity come in. Reliability in assessment measure the consistency and dependability of the test items where as validity is measure what it is supposed to assess. Every assessment must be reliable in order to be valid.
Contemporary education promises for a student-centered environment where the learner’s learning needs are taken into account in forming pedagogical approaches. The study of the learners’ psychology aims to have a better understanding of how a student may learn best – which then entails for teachers to be responsible in providing motivation for their student as it is deemed necessary. With this shift in educational paradigm as modern educational research took place, the need for teachers to innovate pedagogical approaches arises, and it is where popular culture may serve as one. With this type of pedagogical mind set, it is then appropriate to capitalize on popular culture as a good source of learning materials. With the attempt to use popular
As Hornby (1995:10) stated to his works, the word ‘achievement’ means a thing done successfully, especially with effort and skill. Achievement in demonstration method to become effective and efficient can be accomplished by making a good effort in the teaching and learning process. In order to improve skills and abilities, both students and teacher should work together to perform a communicative and creative class. Good efforts such as making well-prepared lesson plan and providing appropriate media and technology for the teaching and learning process can help students to come up ideas and knowledge
Furthermore, make sure that students ' self-belief is enhanced and they must believe that they are able to learn and deal with failures in order to develop their confidence towards learning. Allowing students to enjoy learning by working with others will enhance their sense of competence because cooperation between the students among themselves is a basic aspect of the Reconstructivism philosophy. The most important thing that I must pay attention to is my relationship with the students because when students feel comfortable toward the teacher, they can be engaged easily in the
By knowing to what extent learning style of students play a role in language learning Also effect of this concept benefit learners themselves. They could have a better understanding about their own learning style and adapt themselves to the best method that help them more and at the end, it would help material designers to have efficient evaluation material that help learners fix their deficiencies. Research Question: the researcher develop 3 research Q: 1. 2. 3.