Essay On Indian Agriculture

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India is an agricultural country. About seventy percent of the population depends on agriculture. One-third of our National income comes from agriculture. India’s economy is based on agriculture. The development of agriculture has much to do with the economic welfare of the country.
India’s agriculture remained under developed for a long time. They did not produce enough food for their people. The country had to buy food-grains from other countries, but the things are changing now. India is producing more food-grains than its needs. Some food-grains are being sent to other countries. Great improvements have been made in agriculture through their five year plans. Green Revolution has been brought about in the agricultural field. Now the country is self-sufficient in food-grains. It is now in a position to export surplus food-grains and some other
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It ranks second in the world in the production of rice, sugarcane, jute and oil seeds. Till recent past before independence India’s agriculture depended on rains. As a result India’s agriculture produce was very small. In case the monsoons were good, they got a good harvest and in case the monsoons were not good, the crops failed and there was famine in some parts of the country. After the independence our Government made plans for the development of its agriculture.
Dams were constructed across many of the main rivers and canals were dug out to provide water for the irrigation of the land. Tube-wells and pump-sets were provided to the farmers to irrigate the fields, where canal water could not reach. The use of better seeds, fertilizers and new techniques in agriculture, has brought about a revolution called the Green Revolution in agriculture. India’s agriculture produce has increased manifolds, but the progress is still hot sufficient. India’s population is growing at a fast rate. Every year they have millions of new mouths to be

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