This is essential to democracy because religion fortifies the spirit of people. Religion is a moral compass that dictates what a person should and should not do. Moreover, the Declaration allows people to teach their religion to others, which strengthens the bonds between souls. Therefore, freedom to pass down and educate about personal beliefs allows societies to flourish. Furthermore, freedom of speech is a right given to people.
Every citizen shall have the right to freedom of speech and expression, and there shall be freedom of the press, subject to any reasonable restrictions imposed by law in the interest of the glory of Islam or the integrity, security or defence of Pakistan or any part thereof, friendly relations with foreign States, public order, decency or morality, or in relation to contempt of court, [commission of] or incitement to an offence.” “ [Article: 19-A. Right to Information.- Every citizen shall have the right to have access to information in all matters of public importance subject to regulation and reasonable restrictions imposed by law. ]” 3. Leading Judgments of Pakistan Courts The issue of freedom of speech/expression came under consideration in the superior courts of Pakistan and dealt with delicate elaboration thereon in the judgments delivered. In order to understand the extent, scope and object of this very right and the obligation as to freedom of expression cast upon the media/press thereby, relevant excerpts from
—Dalit devotional song (Franco, Macwan, and Ramanathan, 2000: 191) With home to more than one thousand million individuals, India is world's biggest democracy. India is additionally one of the establishing members of the UN. It signed the declaration by the United Nations at Washington on 1 January 1942 and furthermore, took an interest in the notable UN convention in San Francisco from 25 April to 26 June 1945. India has reliably upheld the purposes and standards of the UN and has made
The essence of free speech is the ability to think and speak freely and to obtain information from others through publications and public discourse without fear of retribution, restriction, or repression by the government. It is through free speech, people could come together to achieve political influence, to strengthen their morality, and to help others to become moral and enlightened citizens” . The importance of freedom of Speech and expression can be understood by the fact that the preamble of the Constitution of India itself ensures to all citizens the liberty of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship. Article 19(1) (a) of the Constitution of India guarantees to all its citizens the right to freedom of speech and expression. However under Article 19(2) reasonable restrictions can be imposed on the exercise of this right for certain purposes like if it is in the interests of the sovereignty and integrity of India, the security of the State, friendly relations with foreign States, public order, decency or morality or in relation to contempt of court, defamation or incitement to an offence.
Abstract “Before any human rights declarations or treaties had been adopted, the UN General Assembly adopted resolution 59(I) stating "Freedom of information is a fundamental human right and...the touchstone of all the freedoms to which the United Nations is consecrated” (Calling Of An International Conference On Freedom Of Expression, 1946). It is believed that the “freedom of expression is essential in enabling democracy to work and public participation in decision-making” (Margaritis, September 2012). Citizens cannot exercise their right to vote effectively or take part in public decision-making if they cannot feel part of their society and cannot freely express their views. Violation of freedom of expression is the first step that leads to other violations. (Margaritis, September 2012) According to article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, “everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers”.
Malaysia is a democratic country. As a democracy, freedom of speech is certainly among the main issues to debate the various parties in the country. Every citizen has the right to freedom of speech and expression as provided for by Article 10 (1) of the Federal Constitution. But human rights are not absolute because freedom will be blocked if it is contrary to the constitution and the law in this country. According to article 10 (1) (a) every citizen is entitled to freedom of speech and expression.
Has India’s democracy been a success? Does caste still matter? These are the big questions addressed in the book India Today: Economy, Politics and Society (published in 2012) authored by three scholars who have lived and extensively researched in different parts of India and specialized in Asian Development studies.
Introduction The media in India is mostly self-regulated. The existing bodies for regulation of media such as the Press Council of India, which is a statutory body, and the News Broadcasting Standards Authority, a self-regulatory organization, issue standards which are more in the nature of guidelines. The law Article 19 of the Indian constitution guarantees Right to freedom of speech and expression. Right to freedom of press is also included in the right to freedom of expression. However, this right is not absolute.
Abstract The paper deals with one of the most debatable topic of the country that is right to freedom of speech and expression and rising cases of hate speech in politics and role of media in it. The Indian Constitution makes the “right to freedom of speech and expression” a fundamental under Article 19(1)(a) .The Constitution guarantees every citizen the right of freedom of speech and expression but not the right to offend anyone’s sentiments . With various examples of recent instances, it is proven in the paper that there is a rise in hate speech during elections. Many political leaders are accused of giving hate speeches during elections just to gain the sympathy of their vote bank. But they forget that it may end up in apathy in the society.