The Bhagavad Gita is one of the most well known pieces of text in the Hindu religion (Brodd, 95). It is a detailed poem about how a person can fulfill his or her religious duties otherwise known as completing one’s dharma. From reading this text, we are taught about the very basic ideals of the Hindu religion such as Brahman, Yoga, and Karma (cite). A passage on pages 185-187 of the Bhagavad Gita eloquently explains the concept of the atman and continuation of the atman in the cycle of death and re-birth called samsara. Through repetition and a series of detailed metaphors, the text reiterates to the reader that the body is only temporary; the soul is eternal.
The four aims of life are Kama, Artha, Dharma, and Moksha. Kama is sensual pleasure, Artha is wealth and power, Dharma is duty, and Moksha is the ultimate goal. The Bhagavad Gita is a sacred song in the Mahabharata that is a dialogue on the ethics of war and dates between 200 B.C.E. - 200 C.E. The central problem in the Gita is the dharma, a sanskrit term that translates to the duty, law, justice, truth, order, righteousness, virtue, ethics, and even religion.
Immanuel Kant, a political theorist during the mid to late 1700s who inspired, encouraged, and trusted global ideals of revolution with the thoughts of his writings. Kant documented many works; although one in particular known as perpetual peace, fosters conditions and concepts that humanity needs in order to reach peace. In addition, this document created a guide for proper political governing. On the subject pertaining to peace and morality, Kant makes a statement in relation to politics and morality that “A true system of politics cannot...take a single step without first paying tribute to morality. And although politics is in itself a difficult art, no art is required to combine it with morality.
William Shakespeare was an English poet, playwright, and actor, and commonly known as the greatest writer in the English language. Shakespeare's work has made a lifelong impression on later theatre and literature. In particular, he expanded the dramatic potential of plot, language, and genre. Until Romeo and Juliet, for example, romance had not been viewed as a worthy topic for tragedy. His work also influenced later poetry, and inspired many painters.
Moreover, his writings represent the rules that are currently being used in the English language, for example, he reinitiated the use of suffixes in grammar. Although he has been dead for a very long time and English has been more modernised since then, Shakespeare’s grammar still remains the same. 3.4 Conspiracy theories concerning Shakespeare’s
Hinduism is an polytheistic Indian religion that is extensively practised in South Asia. It combines the philosophy, beliefs and cultural practices of India. Hinduism is the foundation of all believers view of the world which consequently shapes their lifestyle.Hindu’s achieve this by reading the Vedas, understanding the concept of rebirth in Hinduism’s context, committing to rituals such as the Garbhadhanab or Antyesti and use karma to judge their actions. The Vedas are Hinduism’s sacred scriptures that contain essential revelations received by ancient sages and saints after intense mediation. Followers of Hinduism believe that the Vedas were from God and so exist beyond the grasp of time, having no time of creation of destruction.
The first reason that Hinduism and Buddhism are similar is because of their beliefs. Both of the religions believe in karma, dharma, and reincarnation. They both also believe that “all life is sacred”. The most important thing that these religions think, is that all life is suffering. In the reading it says “that goal is to escape the perpetual cycle of reincarnation” they think that suffering comes with life and therefore reincarnation.
Many people of the ancient world, especially those who followed the teachings of the Hindu sacred texts, held the belief that every action was connected to a consequence. According to Bilhartz, the early Vedas taught that the gods would perform their tasks as long as the people did their duty to appease them, which in turn upholds order in the universe ( 2006, p. 183). This doctrine is also connected to the law of karma, where every action affects future outcomes. Furthermore, those who have committed sin require penance to remove the consequence. The Law of Manu explains the proper code for every man and women of different stations in life as well as the punishments for misconduct ( Bilhartz, 2006, p. 185).
These beliefs include the concepts of Brahman and Atman, Maya, karma, samsara, and moksha. Brahman refers to the cosmic power present in the Vedic sacrifice and chants over which the priest had control (81). Atman is more accurately translated to mean “deepest self” or to understand the meaning and worth of ones soul on the deepest level. Maya is usually translated as illusion, meaning that the way that we interpret and understand the world is not in actuality the way that it is. Karma is the moral law of cause and effect and it believed in karma that every action has a consequence associated with that action whether it is good or bad.
Lastly is the practice of matsuri. Matsuri is the worship and the honor given to the spirits of their ancestors and kami. Shintoism adherents can interpret what ones meaning of life truly is but the four affirmations is a good start. The third question a religion must answer is what is good behavior and what is sinful or simply what is morality? The mainstream religions have an absolute clear description of what their moral code is.