Essay On Indian Forest

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As gautam Buddha said “the forest is an organism of unlimited kindness that makes no demands for its substances and extends generally the products of its life activity; it affords protection to all beings, offering shade even to the axe-man who destroys it”. For most of the recorded history, India had been famous for its forest wealth. India had been home for large number of different species of flora and fauna which lived in different types of forest. The forests can be broadly classified into different types such as: Tropical evergreens, Tropical deciduous, sub-tropical, swamps, mangroves, montane, scrubs, sub-alpine and alpine forests. Today India has more than 1200 tree species of which only few are regenerating.…show more content…
Some tribes worshiped forest because forest gave them resources to survive. One of the major occupations of tribal’s was shifting cultivation. Besides this, tribes collect verities of minor forest product which included fodder, grasses and raw materials like bamboo, canes and leaves, gums, waxes, dyes, resins etc. and several forms of food including nuts wild fruits and honey etc. During the pre British era Forests were highly significant for Indian society as more than 100 million people are actually forest dwellers and another 275 million people are dependent on them for their livelihood and means of survival (Lynch, 1992 as quoted in 1997). The local and tribal people were more dependent on forest not only because it provided them food, fodder, medicine and fuel but also their culture and religious life revolved around the forest. It is evident from the fact that today, at different parts of India especially areas under tribal inhabitant has immense respect and love for forest

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