The Indian novelists in English, by using various linguistic and stylistic devices, have succeeded in infusing the rhythm of Indian languages into English and in assigning the Indian sensibility. Their language items form Indian thought and imagery and acquire a distinctive identity and elasticity. In the words of Prof. Gokak, Indian English Literature represents the evolution of a distinct standard, the body of which is English but whose soul is Indian in color, thought and imagery. There are different opinions regarding this experimentation in the style. Meenakshi Mukherjee states that the style is not integral to the author’s point of view but something added to the material like ‘icing on the cake or embroidery on a sari’.
It has become an appropriate medium to express imagination and creative writings of Indians. Other than that the Indian English writers dedicated their creativity and intelligence with enviable ease and gained mastery of a foreign tongue to assert the creative talent and imaginative power of their works. They shaped their writings so as to give emphasis on the conflicts and dilemmas of common Indians. Indian English literature is a virtuous platform to illustrate the ever rare gems of Indian English writing. Though Indian writings in
Johnson was the first English lexicographer to use citations in this way, a method that greatly influenced the style of future dictionaries. He had scoured books stretching back to the 1500s, often quoting from those thought to be 'great works ' such as Milton or Shakespeare.” (The British Library, Literary quotations). In the eighteenth century, the language changed due to the time of the empire. Because of the people who came from foreign countries to England for commercial trading purposes, the language was affected from both foreign countries and England. “Johnson argued that as a country grows, so does the language.” (Seargeant and Swann, 2012, p.
The concept of ‘sensibility’ emerged in the 18th century Britain and was closely associated with the “studies of sense perception as the means through which knowledge is gathered”.3 William Walsh in his book Indian Literature in English interestingly traces Indian sensibility in the language of R.K. Narayan. He opines: “Narayan’s language is beautifully adapted to communicate… an Indian sensibility”, and that: “his writing is distinctive blend of western technique and eastern material, and he has succeeded in a remarkable way in making an Indian sensibility at home in English art.”4 Indian
India and Britishers had dealt with each other in many areas like trade, military and political affairs. During this period, Britishers acquired wealth and empire from India. India, in return, got English language and the concept of constitutional Government. From the historical perspective, Indian English Literature has come across several phases such as Indo - Anglian, Indo-English, Indian Writing in English and recently Indian English literature. “Indian Writing in English,” wrote M.K.Naik, “began as an interesting by - product of an eventful encounter in the late eighteenth century between a vigorous and enterprising Britain and a stagnant and chaotic India.” (M.K.Naik, p.1) The important words to be noted here are vigorous and enterprising, which imply a sense of ordered action or progress, and stagnant and chaotic, which in turn imply disorder and
To briefly remember and recollect the beginnings, Raja Rammohan Roy strongly advocated the Western instead of Oriental education. The founder of English literature in India was virtually and indirectly Lord Macaulay, Raja Rammohan Roy has inculcated in the native minds love for the English language and later a passionate zeal for literary creation in it. With the passage of time a handful of eminent writers emerged on the Indian literary scene who produced literary specimens of considerable standard that blazed a new trail and guided many young aspiring writers. Therefore, the appearance of Michael Madhusudan Dutt, Toru Dutt, and others on the literary horizon is not an event that can be described as fortuitous but a natural corollary. Ever
Chapter :1 Introduction Rabindranath Tagore was and will always remain a legend . The Indian Engliah Literature pertains to that part of the works by writers from India, who wrote in English language but their native languages could be one of the regional or indigenous language of India. The evolution of Indian English literature evolved gradually in 1608 when Emperor Jahangir, in the court of the Mughals, had welcomed Captain William Hawkins, Commander of the British Naval Expedition Hector in a gallant manner. Though we know that at that time India was under the British rule still English was adopted by the Indians as a language of understanding and awareness, education and literary expression with an important means of communication amongst various people of dissimilar religions.
The term Indian English literature means the writings of the authors residing either in India or the authors of Indian origin settled abroad whose native or co-native language is one of many Indian regional languages. It has come a long way from colonial times and has established a place of its own in English Canon. It stared way back in 18th century but came of age with great writers of colonial times. R.K. Narayan, Raja Rao and Mulk Raj Anand. The three had different temperaments.
The presence of Indianness in Indo-Anglian literature makes Indian literature a separate genre. Indianness is identified in the selection of subject, thought, sentiment and use of language in a work of Art. Toru Dutt, Sarojini Naidu, Rabindranath Tagore, Jawaharlal Nehru, Aurobindo Ghose, Mahatma Gandhi, R.K. Narayan, Mulk Raj Anand and Raja Rao are some of the internationally recognized Indian writer in English. English and Indian writing in English have achieved success in spite of some opposite views against
It was during the reign of Emperor Jahangir that literature started gaining importance. The Mughals welcomed Captain William Hawkins, the commander of the British Naval Expedition in a very humble manner. While India was under the British rule, the medium which was generally used for understanding by the masses was English. At that time, the creative writing in English was supposed to be an integral part of the literary traditions. The writers of those times focused particularly on writing Indian English Dramas and Poetry which appealed much to the common man.