The first source is a quotation delineated by Joseph Chamberlain 's, who is a British Colonial Officer, eurocentric perspective. He clearly views the British culture as prevalent (or further developed) than different cultures, for example, the indigenous culture. That is the reason he alludes to the colonial enterprise as "carrying out the work of civilization.." This source can directly be associated with the demonstration of eurocentrism. Eurocentrism is the worldview that European culture, beliefs and values, were the "correct, proper or rightful” way. Political and cultural powers spread to different parts of the world and inevitably economic strategies as well.
Mill basically inherited the anti-imperialist views from his predecessor liberal thinkers like Bentham, James Mill and Adam Smith (Sullivan, 1983). Bentham, James Mill and Smith have argued against imperialism and have negated the idea that it serves any economic profit to England. Instead they believed that colonisation led to disproportionate capital flow to colonies. They also negated the argument of colonies being an outlet for capital surplus. They maintained that colonisation can only be a remedy for capital surplus if greater amount of England’s capital is not invested in governance of colonies which they regarded is the case with most of the England’s colonies.
2. Indian Initiatives With its focus on design FabIndia is creating a wave. This wave was first started in India by Ethicus. Though Ethicus found it difficult to launch the brand and get a surplus, FabIndia reiterates what was established earlier in this article about consumers focus on design rather than just the ethicality of the
Waterson felt that an internal source for the open position would be cheaper than searching for an outside, well-qualified project manager. When Reynolds was hired, he was hesitant to accept position because his "waterfall" method may not be applicable to the CX30 project. However, he reluctantly gave up his methodology. He felt that prototyping, formal specification, verification techniques, object-oriented design was just a fad. He basically rejected everything except for his "waterfall" method.
The irony of this was that the Chinese population were not seen as Indonesian but were the main players in photography which allowed for this ‘idea’ of Indonesia to emerge. Indonesia as Geographic location The Chinese photographers regularly used different backdrops in order to place the people of Indonesia in various geographical locations. In the post-colonial era, the backdrops reflected a desire for Indonesian people to appear more European. Being European represented modernity and modern technology and advancements. In the same way that these photos allowed people to become the person they aspired to be, these backdrops allowed them to further achieve a sense of being more ‘European’.
With colonization, a new chapter in Indian architecture began. The Dutch, Portuguese and the French made their presence felt through their buildings but it was the English who had a lasting impact on architecture. Indo Islamic Architecture The medieval period saw great developments in the field of architecture. With the coming of Muslims to India, many new features came to be introduced in buildings. The development of Muslim Style of Architecture of this period can be called the Indo-Islamic Architecture or the Indian Architecture influenced by Islamic Art.
Colonialism created cultural problem as colonial powers forced the colonies to adapt and accept a totally new culture (Eurocentric) as the best way of life in the name of civilisation and also created an identity problem. Post-colonialism is the academic field that deals with these problems and maintains a continual analysis from both points of view. 1.1 Some definitions of post-colonialism Post-colonialism as a social science field also faces the problem of not having a universally accepted definition. But some scholars have come up with helpful definitions that provide assistance in understanding the subject. Post-colonialism is defined in anthropology as the relationship that exist between European countries (colonisers) and subjects they colonized and once had dominion over.
Tides of time as well as history of the Mumbai Port have been developing and the growth was very steady. Hence, Mumbai Port grew into an island from a small fishing village and in due course, it has developed into a premier center of trade as well as commerce. The role of the development of the port played a very vital role for the whole city as well as the areas surrounding. The ship building activities flourished and through the worldwide, the ships built by them sailed. Along with these, the rise and fall of tide is something, which is very important for fishing occupation.
In the area with abundant water resource they will not use the water in effective way most of time since they do not need to consider about the water. But it will cause the problem which is wasting phenomenon of water resource. For example, in some cities, the government built lawns only for the beauty of city or golf course. But the irrigation of turf grasses will waste a plenty of water. The water deficient areas will also solve the problem to find other solution.
indispensable to garden design than plant material. Their garden was divided into four quadrants created by water channels of the four rivers of paradise, as described in the Holy Qur’an. Hence, not all people respond to water in the same manner and at the same level since our associations with water have been shaped by our ancestors. However, there is a fundamental need of humans to connect with water irrespective of their culture . Campbell  wrote “I seriously doubt that any of the sounds created by water could be considered distressing or annoying.” In addition, water acts as a relief source and provides a sense of peacefulness in a hectic environment to most people.