Essay On Influenza

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Influenza viruses constitute the genus Orthomyxovirus belong to the family Orthomyxoviridae, which consists of three species: A, B, and C. They are negative, single stranded RNA viruses. These viruses cause influenza also known as flu. Influenza is contagious acute respiratory disease that is marked by fever, chills, headache and feeling tired. It causes seasonal epidemics during winter mostly in the United States and Canada. Type C causes less severe flu compared to flu caused by type A and B.
Influenza spreads by tiny droplets when people with a flu talk, cough or sneeze. According to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2017, para.4), people with flu can spread it to people who are up to 6 feet away. It is therefore advisable to keep away from people who have a flu to prevent yourself from contacting the disease. For those who have a flu, it is advisable to avoid going to public areas to
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This interferes with your normal daily activities. To help your body fight the virus, it is advisable to take a rest as it helps your immune system to gain more strength. Another common symptom of the flu is body ache and chills. The body aches happens in any part of the body like the head, legs , back e.t.c Most of the times the chills come before you even get a fever. Wrapping yourself will help you reduce chills by increasing the temperature of your body. Cough is another sign of the flu. It might be accompanied by feeling of tightness in your chest. It is advisable to let your doctor know if you have any respiratory problems to prevent complications. Always cover your cough to prevent spreading the flu. Another common sign of influenza is fever. When you get a fever, it means that your body is trying to fight an infection. Diarrhea and vomiting are signs of flu mostly observed in children. The incubation period for flu is 1 to 4 days. The symptoms lasts 7 to 14

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