Essay On Intergovernmentalism

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3.2 Intergovernmentalism The origin of intergovernmentalism is related to the first period of stagnation in European integration. For example. the empty chair crisis appeared to mark the limits of supranational integration (Leuffen et al 2013). In the 1990s, Moravcsik developed the theory of 'liberal intergovernmentalism, which follows in the footsteps of the realist variant insofar as it puts states, state interests, and state bargaining center stage, but attributes to societal actors and international institutions a more prominent theoretical role (ibid 2013). Intergovernmentalists argue that the integration process is dependent on the willingness of nation-states and that national sovereignty should not be undermined by a centralized supranational organization. According to Nugent “intergovernmentalism refers to arrangements whereby nation-states, institutions and conditions they can control, cooperate with one another on matters of common interest. The existence of control, which allows all participating states…show more content…
Conclusion In this paper, we have put intergovernmentalism against supranationalism at the core theory, but as well as explained Euroscepticism and argued that a phenomenon such as Brexit was inevitable because Britain could not withstand the supranational characteristics of the EU anymore, and due to the Eurosceptic nature of the country since the beginning of the EU's history. The paper reached a conclusion that the United Kingdom, including the British Parliament and its citizens, never developed a sense of European identity or emotional commitment. As the latest Eurobarometer suggests, the majority of the citizens of the country feel positive about their current live and living condition, and the percentage of the people concerned about migration, terrorism, and economic situation is lower than the percentage of many pro-European countries. It means that these were just sub-factors for the rising Euroscepticism in the UK that led to the
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