Introduction China is having a rapid economic development since forty years ago. Its significant social change is the enormous numbers of folks migrate from rural areas to urban areas. In the period of 2000 to 2012, the proportion of flowing population raised from 1.21 millions to 2.36 millions. (National Population Census, 2013) Recently, the migrate workers (flowing population) tended to bring their children with them. However, the citizens’welfare system, school enrollment system or even healthcare system was according to the Hukou household registration system.
Chinese society did not get better under Mao’s rule because there was roadblock preventing the economy from growing and Mao was the problem not allowing it to thrive. In document 3, it stated that there was discrimination against landlords. This proves that the Chinese society did not improve because there was no benefits for landlords getting
The plan focused in construction of 156 large industrial projects which were all imported from soviet and Eastern Europe. In 1955-1956, the government decided to have public ownership over many things. This policy led to a drastic change to the households. At the end of 1954 only 2% of households enrolled in coorperatives or collectives; by the end of 1956, only 2% of them did not enroll. Shops and factories in urban areas also turned into cooperatives during early 1956.
Post Mao Reforms During the Mao Zedong's regime (1949-1976), the Communist Party of China (CCP) has realized that material production and social welfare institutions were two important aspects given to citizens of China by providing basic social goods. Private ownerships were abolished on the basis of inequality and exploitation. Though, there are some inequalities between people from different areas, egalitarian way of income distribution among households was implemented. Collectivization in rural areas made peasants as members of communes and gained work for subsistence. (Wong and Mok, 1995) State took responsibility of social welfare services, universal employment provision and reduction of inequalities in consumption and living standards among citizens in urban areas.
This is because the GLF led to neglected crops and no food left in China as all of it was being shipped out of the country. This resulted in great famine which ended up killing over 40 million people. However, the GLF was successful in that it greatly increased China’s exports and turned it into a industrialized nation. The 5 year plans were where Mao was really successful. The first 5 year plan was very successful because it led to the partial industrialization of China and China becoming closer and closer to the Soviets.
GP Essay Topic -the attitude of China government treat huge population problems Introduction My research topic is the attitude of China government treat huge population problems. China is a developing country, it has the biggest population in the world, the population of China has reached 1.26 million in 1997 population surveys，that is according 21% of the world population. China has more than 1.3 billion people and it is the most popular country on Earth. Since it has a huge population, however, its economic foundation is weak. As a result, many contradictions and problems in China 's economic and social development are closely associated with the issue of population, which has become the key factor and primary problem that restricted China
The Emigrants Today, China is one of the largest and most influential countries in the world. It is common knowledge that China is a very powerful and expansive nation. It ships its products all over the world to other countries. Chinese people live almost everywhere, in the Americas, Europe, Africa, the Middle East, and of course Asia. How and why did the Chinese people spread from their large country to all over the world?
2012). However, Ben Stavis argues that since the land available for redistribution in China was very limited, it did not significantly increase the overall welfare of poor peasants (Stavis 1978). The estimates as to how many landlords were executed or killed during the process of land reform differ between 800,000 victims (a number mentioned by Mao Zedong in his report) to as high as 2,000,000 (Ladenjinsky 1957; Liu 2006; ). The land reform was also limited for economic reasons as the goal of the CCP was to not antagonize the rich peasants, whose support was needed to introduce further reforms (Stavis
In this case reading, it discusses how the country’s economy has evolved from the beginning of the Chinese civilisation to the 21st century through a series of historical events and reforms. Under the leadership of Deng Xiaoping, China had undergone a range of reforms that had transformed the country’s economy and paved the way to China’s economic success today. One such reform is the creation of the Household Responsibility System (HRS) in 1979. Instead of collective farming which was less efficient, Deng Xiaoping decided to replace it with household farming which gives the individual households more autonomy to make their own decisions but under the condition that they must fulfil the quota set by the government. Nevertheless, the HRS was