The industrial growth was concentrated in St. Petersburg, Moscow, Baku and Ukraine with much of it centered in relatively large factories: by 1900, over half of the industrial workforce was employed in factories with more than a thousand workers. Large cities grew at a very high rate: the population of St. Petersburg doubled between 1890 and 1914 from one million to two million and Moscow from 750000 to 170000. Railway lines increased from 13270 miles in 1891 to 43850 by 1913, coal production increased from 5 million tones to 33 million tones between 1890-1913 and grain also doubled from 36 to 64 million tones but these figures were not so high when considering the increase of the population. Witte put Ruble on the gold standard to help create stability and encourage internal
“From the 1950s to the 1970s the Communist Party used hukou registration to implement agricultural collectivism in rural China while rapidly industrialising urban China.” (He, 2014) Since then the Chinese citizens have, according to Chan, not been able to migrate within their own country, taking away a major basic right of the Chinese population: the freedom of internal migration, and creating division in the Chinese society. (Chan, 2010) The urban registrations, receives government funded housing, education and health care, and rural registrations, who worked on farms for low prices by the State, did not receive good education and healthcare, and were expected to produce extra food to feed
The middle and wealthy class got their land taken and distributed to the poor. He did help socially because he gave the poor a better living conditions and extended education for the poor he also gave women equal power as men 's. Mao Zedong did not make China a better society economically because he got landlords discriminated and made their economy lower, the middle and wealthy class got their land taken and distributed to the poor. In document #9, it stated that the Chinese economy was low and once Mao stop being China 's leader the economy was able to grow again. Chinese society did not get better under Mao’s rule because there was roadblock preventing the economy from growing and Mao was the problem not allowing it to thrive.
The Agricultural Adjustment Administration (AAA) gave money to farmers to plant less crops so prices could stabilize. The National Recovery Administration and the Agriculture Adjustment Administration did not work as expected by the Franklin D. Roosevelt government. In document 24-2, working people sent letters to New Dealers (Miss Perkins and Theodore D. Roosevelt) in which they mention their concerns about their work. Winston-Salem, a worker in the Tobacco factories stated “How can we be considered in the Presidents spending
Overview of the Chinese Economy Out of all 195 economies in the world, china is ranked 2nd in Gross Domestic Product (GDP). China has a total population of over 1.3 billion people. The average annual income in china is around sixty-four-thousand yuan, which is around ten-thousand Australian dollars. China has an annual increase in GDP of 10%, which makes the world’s fastest growing economy. In 1981, 88% of China’s population suffered from poverty, in 2012, it dropped to 6.5%.
Even though scholars believe that china’s economy have the potential to be blossom, but they practice rural economy. Example that can be chosen is the agriculture sector. But in 1949, China’s economy started to change. It all started when Mao Zedong who was China’s Communist party leader took power in 1949. He changed China’s economy from rural based economy to industrial sectors economy (Quick guide: China's economic reform, 2006).
PRODUCER AGREEMENT: Small scale farmer and producer can be certified as a fair trader only if they form a cooperatives, an organization or entities that can be controlled democratically that will yield social and economic benefit to its member. Disorganized workers cannot be certified as fair trade. ISSUES OF PRODUCER CERTIFCATION FEES: Initial paying of 2000 Euro must be made for trade fair certification and another Euro 500 must be paid in every year to keep the certificate, with high rate of poverty in developing and underdeveloped country, producer could barely afford to feed themselves and their family. This amount is just too hard to come by, this system has a negative effect on a small family scale farmer as well as producers that unable to form cooperative or association for one reason or the other that will lead to an uncertified fair
“The term “Food security” translates literally as grain security in Chinese (Liáng shí a ̄n quán). Grain sufficiency has always been at the heart of national food security agenda in China as in most other Asian countries (Ghose and Sajeeb 2013)”.It mainly concentrated on the domestic production of grains but in the recent years, there has been a dip in the production of grains and the demand for it has been rising since then. The only way for maintaining the balance between the self sufficiency rate and demand would be to import as much as possible to keep the self sufficiency rate above 90 percent. The food security strategy with emphasised on domestic supply and moderate imports is being replaced by a dual food security
2. LITERATURE REVIEW 2.1 Tourism Tourism is an important economic, sociocultural, and environmental phenomenon in today’s world (Inskeep, 1991). Over the last half century, the growth and development of tourism as both a social and economic activity has been remarkable. The number of international tourists reached 1138 million in 2014 that is 51 million more than in 2013 with an increase of 4.7%. This is the fifth consecutive year of above average growth since the economic crisis in 2009 (UNWTO, 2015).
And since then, international tourism has been multiplied by 50 compared to 1950, and has reached 1,186 million tourist arrivals in 2015. The forecasts are striking as they expect 1.8 billion tourist arrivals by 2030, due to a growth of 3,3% per year between 2010 and 2030. Concerning the domestic tourists, UNWTO estimates the