Essay On International Human Rights

1353 Words6 Pages
The modern concept of human rights is rooted in the experiences of ‘legal lawlessness’ when crimes were committed with the authorization of the law, and when some human beings were denied their status as such. An answer to these experiences was the emergence of the international human rights law 2. The main aim of this branch of international law is to prevent broad violations of fundamental rights from recurring in the future. Appreciating the worth of every human being, the international community decided to eliminate elements that could destroy the individual person, but also to create the conditions that would enable him or her to develop and flourish 3. Accordingly, the Preambles of Universal Declaration of Human Rights provides that the…show more content…
The State and the law exist for the individual living in a society. Despite the fact that the human rights law was created, among other things, to set a limit and a system of check and balance the powers of the state against individual persons, the State increasingly becomes regarded as a guardian of human rights6. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) proclaims a common standard of achievement for all peoples. The two covenants that followed on Civil and Political Rights and, Economic, Social and Cultural Rights further made these human rights standards legally binding. Most countries also recognize most of these rights and incorporate them in their constitution, national legislation and laws.

Coming to Ethiopia, The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia Constitution recognizes that human rights and freedoms, emanating from the nature of mankind are inviolable and inalienable and thus shall be respected. It goes on providing that the fundamental rights and freedoms specified in the Constitution shall be interpreted in a manner conforming to the principles of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, International Covenants on Human Rights and international instruments adopted by Ethiopia. All in all, Ethiopia is under duty to properly enforce human rights within its own

More about Essay On International Human Rights

Open Document