This is a psychological conflicts that occurs in the mind of an individual, involving the emotions, thoughts, values and principles. This conflict between the self leads to a lot of struggle like choosing of careers and as well as socialising. This type of conflict leads to depression, uneasiness and restlessness. In this situation, it is important for the individual to seek a way out by communicating with people in order to get out of this intrapersonal conflict. • Intragroup Conflict This type of conflict occurs among individuals in teams.
Conflict Resolution and Negotiation Conflict is a clash of interests, values, actions, views or directions. Conflict refers to the existence of that clash. Conflict is initiated the instant clash occurs. Generally, there are diverse interests and contrary views behind a conflict, which are revealed when people look at a problem from their viewpoint alone. Conflict is an outcome of organizational intricacies, interactions and disagreements.
Robert Frost’s Birches centralizes on the tension between reality and ideals. Thematically, there is a struggle as to whether or not it is possible, and more importantly, reasonable to escape life. For this reason the text can be interpreted in terms of two opposing readers: Type A and Type B personalities. It is commonly understood that the majority of people have mixed personality types; however, in order to have an effective analysis it is important to isolate the characteristics of the both. By taking on these extremes one could argue that the tension between the personalities reflects the tension between reality and ideal pair Reality with Type A personality and Ideals with Type B personality.
Tilly further on insisted that understanding the boundaries was not only a complicated but a sensitive issue. He on the other hand, emphasized that, trying to discern their origin as well as their functions was the most complicated bit, but trying to explain their origins, motive of their existence and the impact they have in the community when need arises and many other open questions regarding them can be a dilemma. This steady transformation can become complex and controversial subject to comprehend ((Tilly 2004: 218), (Tilly 2005: 209)). These controversies can be aroused by a number of social phenomena. First and foremost, the attempt to figure out what manner was used during their formation of the social confinements.
Introduction Attitudes develop our way of thinking based on the acceptance or rejection of an object, on the approaching or distancing from it and, also, they lead to people having a relatively constant behavior towards similar objects. Attitudes help in saving energy, time and effort in thinking and are thus very difficult to change. Attitudes are important because they shape people’s perceptions of the social and physical world and influence overt behaviors. For example, attitudes influence friendship and animosity toward others, giving and receiving help, and hiring candidates who are of a different origin. They are also at the heart of many violent attacks, including master-minded crimes against humanity (e.g., the Holocaust and the terrorist
The theory was expanded and modified by Leonard Berkowitz and others in 1962 as revealed by Nnamani (2015:4). The main claim of this theory is that as people with different beliefs, values and expectations live in different parts of the world and interact in the social system, hostility and frustration occurs. This theory believes that when individuals or groups are denied what they feel they desire legitimately, they feel disappointed which will lead to frustration and violent behaviour. The violent behaviour will be directed at those they perceive are responsible directly or indirectly for such denial. It is also upholds that where expectation does not meet attainment, people tend to confront those they feel are responsible for not attaining the expected issues or benefits.
Integrating Style This style indicates high concern for self and others. This style is also known as problem solving. It involves collaboration between the parties (i.e., openness, exchange of information, and examination of differences to reach a solution acceptable to both parties). Prein (1976) suggested that this style has two distinctive elements: confron¬tation and problem solving. Confrontation involves open communication, clear¬ing up misunderstanding, and analyzing the underlying causes of conflict.
Like how we deal with sadness, anxiety and anger etc. Motivating Oneself: It is related to how we motivate ourselves in the fully attainment of our feelings and emotions. It is also related to self-control. Empathy: It is related to how much we give respect to others and their feelings, it is related to appreciating others and understanding the difference that how people feel about different things and situations. Handling Relationships: It is related to how we manage our relationships with others, how much we are flexible in handling different situations.
It may also causes obsessive thoughts, restlessness, poor concentration and other cognitive deficiencies. Other symptoms include partial awkwardness in movements, hyperactivity or social isolation. The stress intensity depends not only on the external stimuli but also the endogenous factors (e.g. personality, experience from previous stressful events, which totally act to the experiencing of a new threat or the way each person perceives and faces the external stimulus). (Anagnostopoulos and Papadatou, 1999).
Smith and Postmest (2011) note that discussion in group settings can notably change the attitudes and behaviour of the participants of that group (p. 194). When put in a competitive intergroup setting, the competition and conflict of intergroup norms develop (Smith & Postmest, 2001, p. 194). Although intergroup discussion is considered to mainly have negative effects of generalizing the out-group stereotypes, Smith and Postmest (2011) also remind