Essay On Intestinal Ischemia

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Intestinal ischemia

Overview:
Intestinal ischemia occurs when the blood vessels that flow bowel contract or block, thereby reducing the blood supply. Ischemia can affect the small intestine or colon, or both. The reduction in blood flow can cause pain and provide permanent injury to the bowel.
The acute intestinal ischemia, or quickly stopping the direct circulation to the intestine, is an emergency and requires immediate surgery; that chronic, manifested in time, but must be treated because it can turn into acute or cause severe weight loss and malnutrition.
Causes:
The intestinal ischemia occurs when the direct circulation to the intestine decreases or stops completely. If the cells of the digestive system receive less blood, they lack oxygen,
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Therapies sometimes include drugs that prevent the formation of blood clots that dissolve blood clots or dilate blood vessels.
Chronic mesenteric ischemia
To restore circulation and prevent acute mesenteric ischemia, you usually need surgery. The surgeon can bypass blocked arteries or dilating with angioplasty or placing a stent after angioplasty.
Mesenteric venous thrombosis
If the bowel does not have any injury, in all likelihood the patient will have to take anticoagulants for three, six months or so to prevent the formation of thrombi. If tests indicate that there is a bleeding disorder, the patient will stay forever in therapy with anticoagulants.
Prevention:
1. Follow a diet rich in fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Limited sugar, cholesterol and fats.
2. Do exercise regularly. Try to move for at least half an hour most days.
3. Do not smoke. If you smoke, ask your doctor to help you quit, for example with psychological help, drugs and nicotine replacement products.
4. Keep an eye on other health problems. If you suffer from high blood pressure , high cholesterol, diabetes or other diseases that predispose to atherosclerosis, try to keep them in check with your doctor.
5. Keep an eye on your

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