Of course, the condition will most likely involve a heart problem, which is discovered at birth, along with a webbed neck, chest deformities, many birth marks, also known as café-au-lait spots, and a short stature. The features of this syndrome are not fully known, considering the fact that there are numerous characteristics and no two infected individuals have the same exact features. Like in most other disease cases, there are lists of more minor symptoms that can occur in an individual. In infants and newborns, feeding problems are present, due to a poor sucking reflex. Behavioral problems and developmental delays can occur, which causes the individual to achieve milestones slower, such as sitting and walking.
On the other hand, persistence of these findings is a signal of infection. In which it usually occurs through the invasion and skin breakdown. There are some similarities between infection and Charcot joint such as, leukocytosis, fever, and hyper sedimentation. Systemic signs and symptoms or ulceration are more suggestive but not diagnostic of infection, and co-occurrence has been described in 16% of diabetics with ulcer. To evaluate acute CN, thermal evaluation is important because the affected foot temperature is 2°C warm more than the other foot.
The cervix is one of the least common sites in genitourinary tract. We report a case of Cervical Rhabdomyosarcoma who was misdiagnosed as Vaginal RMS and was started on chemotherapy. We had to do an emergency excision of the mass,when she developed excessive bleeding per vaginum. Keywords Embryonal Rhabdomyosarcomas,Cervical Rhabdomyosarcomas, Background Rhabdomyosarcomas are malignant skeletal muscle tumors and account for about 50% of soft tissue sarcomas in children. The Intergroup Rhabdomyosarcoma Study Group divided it into three major histologic subtypes: Embryonal(ERMS), alveolar, and undifferentiated.
Currently the most accepted hypothesis is a vascular disruption causing a hypoxic/ischemic insult to the brainstem in the first trimester23, 24. This can be caused by various teratogens evoking uterine contractions. The following teratogens have been described including: gestational hyperthermia 25, 26, chorionic villus sampling 27, abuse of benzodiazepines 28, alcohol 25,cocaine29, thalidomide 30, ergotamine 31 or self-induced abortion – misoprostol 32. Hypoplasia or aplasia of the nuclei can also be caused by genetic mechanisms 1, but because the majority of Moebius syndrome cases are sporadic, genetics play only a minor role. So far three different chromosomal regions for familial Moebius syndrome have been reported: MBS1 (OMIM 157900, 13q12.2-q13) 33, 34, MBS2 (OMIM 601471, 3q21-q22) and MBS3 (OMIM 604185, 10q21.3-q22.1) 35, 36.
the presence of a presacral mass. At birth, a history of excess oral secretions and central cyanosis implies the potential presence of VACTERL (Vertebral, Anorectal, Cardiac, Tracheoesophageal, Renal and Limbs particularly radial) anomalies. So full examination of the spine, the pelvis, the esophagus, and the cardiovascular system to ensure a life-threatening abnormality has not been overlooked because of an absent rectum. Check for the normal position and size of the anus:
It can be seen through ultrasound screenings Turner syndrome fetuses often have fluid in the back of the neck, heart problems, and irregular kidneys. At infancy, common symptoms include puffy legs and hands, webbed neck, low ears and hairline. The most prevalent symptom is a short stature
Therefore we lack insight and information of the primary diagnosis of the initial admission and the proportion of readmissions with a different DBC is also influenced. Another shortcoming is that we did not include readmissions that occurred in a different hospital and vice versa (admissions that were in fact readmissions from another hospital). Khan et al(26) described in their study that in same-hospital readmissions the readmission rate is underestimated, different-hospital readmissions constituted of 13.9% of all-hospital pediatric readmissions. This study contributes to the understanding of readmissions in our hospital. Further prospective research will be conducted to determine the underlying causes of
Meckel’s diverticulum is the most prevalent congenital abnormality of the gastrointestinal tract associated with many diverse and unusual complications has an incidence of 2- 3% (1) . Meckel’s Diverticulum is a true diverticulum comprising all intestinal layers. It is usually an incidental finding. Strangulation of Meckel’s diverticulum (Littre’s Hernia) is a rare anatomo -clinical form.
According to Jayakumar, Ranjit and Gandhi (2004), shaken baby syndrome is a serious form of child abuse of which is often under-diagnosed due to there being very few or no obvious external indications of injury. Most parents and other care givers do not necessarily understand what
Infants born before 37 weeks are considered premature. There are many influences of premature birth. However, the cause of premature birth is not always known, but common cause are external threats to maternal and fetal health including the mother’s use of drugs, alcohol consumption, cigarette smoking, poor nutrition and low weight gain. Also its physical stress, and lack of prenatal health care. For example, some mothers may not be aware during the first trimester.
The people that are most susceptible to get Staphylococcus epidermidis are newborns, the elderly, immunocompromised patients, and patient’s who are using a catheter. This is because newborns and the elderly do not have as strong of immune systems as children and middle-age adults
• Lung disease is usually manifested as obstructive lung disease due to bronchiectasis. Patients often develop difficulty breathing, cough, and wheezing. • Pancreatic disease manifests as recurrent pancreatitis, abdominal pain, diabetes, and malabsorption of nutrients. • Cystic fibrosis if often identified during newborn screening programs in the United States. Some cases are missed and present during older age.
Hirschsprung’s Disease is a congenital condition that affects the colon which is also known as the large intestine. It is a developmental disorder of the enteric nervous system that is characterized by the absence of ganglion cells in the last part of the colon. This disease occurs in 1 out of every 5,000 live births. It affects newborns, babies and toddlers because it can show late symptoms during a child’s toddler ’s years.
When the baby is born, it is usually a stillbirth, or they die shortly after they are born. The condition usually makes that babies unconscious, deaf, blind, and some are even unable to feel pain. However, with all of these defects, the baby might still have reflexes, such as breathing and responding to
Often dubbed, “hemophilia C,” a hereditary Factor XI deficiency that interferes with thrombin production and affects both sexes has an average occurrence rate of 1:100,000 and usually only affects those with serious injuries or surgeries (Pemberton 81). An acquired form of hemophilia (AH) also exists - the presence of autoantibodies (antibodies that target internal tissue) against FVIII occurs once per roughly every 1.5 million (Lebegue 312). Approximately 50% of cases are idiopathic, and the disease carries a mortality between 8-22% (Ibid.). It is treated using bypassing factors, which target the antibody or inhibitor, and long-term treatment with immunosuppressive steroids like prednisone and cyclophosphamide - treatments also more commonly used to treat rejection of FFP or recombinant clotting