.Every year there are millions of people who receive an incorrect or untimely diagnosis from their physician(s). A prime example of this comes out of the city of Dallas, Texas. On May 8, 2013, Roberto Llanas, Sr. and Cristalh Mendoza took their son, six-year-old Roberto Carlos Llanas, Jr. to the emergency room at Children’s Medical Center after he ran into a pole and fell on concrete, causing blunt force trauma to his back. When he arrived at the emergency room, he was pale, writhing in pain, and complaining of back and abdominal pain. These are classic signs of internal trauma. His physician, Dr. Abbie Leigh Smith, ordered enemas,which masked the child’s symptoms of internal trauma, prescribed
I am a team captain for a youth organized Relay For Life team through the American Cancer Society. As a team captain I experience I large amount of stress and pressure to provide the best opportunities for my team members to raise money, enjoy themselves, and fight against cancer. This summer I team member who has been a part of the team for at least five years, shared with me her opinion of the 2015 event. The day after the 24 hour event, late at night, I received an exceptionally long text message. As I was exhausted from being awake for over 28 hours I was asleep and did not see the message until I woke up in the middle of the night. The text message was confusing and extremely disappointing to read.
According to Marchant (2014) in an article entitled "Neonates do not feel pain: A critical review of the evidence," Marchant provides evidence for and against the hypothesis "Neonates do not feel pain." The neonatal nervous system was considered to be underdeveloped and up until 1985, clinicians did not think it was possible for neonates to experience pain. Advances in neonatal research, however, have demonstrated that newborns do in fact experience pain and controlling that pain can have both short and long term benefits. Neonatal pain or discomfort occurs during patient care, moderate, and severe invasive procedures. There is no known direct biological marker of pain, just behavioral and stress-related physiological correlates (Marchant, 2014).
On August 7, 1963, Patrick Bouvier Kennedy, was born 5 ½ weeks premature [37 weeks]. He weighed 4 pounds 10 ½ ounces, but succumbed 39 hours after birth to “hyaline membrane disease, now known as respiratory distress syndrome [RDS]” (James 1). Today, this baby would have lived. However, in 1963 “about 25,000 children a year died because medical science lacked the skills and the specialized equipment needed to save them” (James 1). “By 2002, fewer than 1,000 babies a year die[d] of respiratory distress” (Philip 807) and “doctors can now save preemies as young as 23 and 24 weeks with the use of the protein surfactant, ventilators, and advanced technology known as continuous positive air pressure” (James 3). “The death of this presidential baby was a critical event, according to historians, one that sparked medical advances [and increased funding] that did for the survival of preemies what Sputnik did for the space race” (James 1).
Hennekam Lymphangiectasia Syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive condition. Onset is usually in childhood. The prevalence is unknown but less than 50 cases have been reported in the literature. Incidence is about 1 in 1,00,000 and occurs in all ethnic groups. The syndrome is characterized by the association of lymphedema, intestinal lymphangiectasia, intellectual defecit and facial dysmorphism. Here is a case presented with distension of abdomen with ascites, bilateral pedal oedema, macrocephaly, left half facial edema, left half hypertrophied tongue, dental anamolies. acanthosis nigricans, acrochordons and syndactyly consistent with a diagnosis of Hennekam syndrome. The diagnosis of Hennekam is
How can you prevent your future newborn baby from spending their first couple of months in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit? The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, also known as the “NICU”, is an intensive-care unit for Premature and ill babies. Babies that are referred to the NICU, is either born
The patient tells me that she has trouble with abdominal pain on and off for several years. She, a little more than a year ago, went through an extensive evaluation with William E. Maher, MD in gastroenterology for abdominal pain and ultimately was told that this was likely IBS. She says at that time, she underwent evaluation with an ultrasound, HIDA scan, laboratory studies. She previously had a colonoscopy prior to that in 2009. Reportedly everything was normal. Ultimately, her symptoms resolved and she had been feeling well for quite some time. Recently, in the last couple of weeks, she started noticing a similar type of pain. It was on the left
There are many different types of birth defects. This paper will discuss one of the more common, spina bifida, which is a type of defect most often referred to as a neural tube defect. Spina bifida directly affects the spine and is often noticed at birth. Spina bifida does not have a specific location but can appear at any location along the spine. The neural tubes are supposed to be closed; in spina bifida this process does not happen, and damage results to the nerves and spinal cord. The severity of this damage can range from mild to severe, depending upon where the opening in the spine is and its' size, and if the spinal cord and the nerves are involved at all.
Imagine having a baby, but not being able to hold it because it is too small, or too weak. Imagine not being able to feel the touch of a newborn child. Imagine seeing her hooked up to different cords and machines. A premature baby, or preemie, is any baby born before the 37th week of pregnancy. Premature birth occurs between 8 percent to 10 percent of all pregnancies in the United States. Because they are born too early, preemies weigh a lot less than full-term babies. Many preemies are born with health problems because their organs did not have enough time to develop. Preemies need special medical care in a neonatal intensive care unit, NICU, and they must stay there until their organ systems begin to work properly. Like full-term infants, preemies go through developmental milestones. However, because preemies are underdeveloped, they may encounter slightly different developmental milestones than full-term babies.
Deficiencies in renal and gastrointestinal function are common, along with feeding issues in babies. Arguably the most dangerous feature of this syndrome is immune and autoimmune deficiency, caused by a low T-cell count due to a hypoplastic or even completely absent thymus.
Ectopia Cordis is a rare condition in which the heart is located partially or completely outside of the thoracic cavity. Often, it is associated with pentalogy of Carntrell, which is a rare thoraco-abdominal disruption or a defect in the abdominal wall. This condition is categorized into five types: cervical, abdominal, thoracocervical, thoracoabdominal, and thoracic. Ectopia cordis is extremely uncommon as it only occurs in 1:126,000 births. The prognosis for this condition is poor and depends on the severity of the condition. The infants affected by ectopia cordis are usually stillborn. Surgical correction is often attempted, although infants are often stillborn or die within days after birth.
Eating disorders are serious, life-threating mental illnesses that are on the rise in society today. Obsession with one’s physical appearance, emotionally problems, or sole desire to eat can contribute to an eating disorder. There are serious consequences that come with the disorders that can be very harmful to an individual with an eating disorder, and often even fatal. Most commonly talked about eating disorders include, bulimia nervosa, anorexia nervosa, and binge eating. Pica is another disorder that is on the rise today with very little comprehension on exactly what is it, who it targets, or how it is treated. The severity of pica is understated being that most people are too embarrassed to admit to eating such unacceptable
In this essay I will write about the strengths and weaknesses of perception as a way of knowing. Perception is the way we perceive the world through our senses. We use all five of our senses, which are sight, hearing, smell, taste and touch to understand the world and interpret it. We can then say it’s a Primary way of knowledge. We can also say that, because the senses is the way our body communicates, we have at least three more senses: kinesthetic sense, which is our awareness of our body’s dimensions and movement; vestibular sense, which is the awareness of the human’s balance and spacial orientation; and organic sense, which is the manifest of the internal organs (for example, hunger or thirst). But can our senses trick us and affect what we know of the world? How can we know that the reality we know is simply a figment of our imagination?