The first, and some would argue the only necessary, reason for the supremacy of Islamic government is the fact that it Islamic law is the comprehensive, divine law of God. The fundamental difference between the laws of liberal democracy and that of Islamic government is that the laws of democracy are simply laws made by men. It is folly to believe that laws made by imperfect men are superior to the divine ordinances of God . Khomeini believed that the path to happiness began in the implementation and following of God’s divine law . The fact that Islam is comprehensive means that God as already provided for every aspect of human life including government and society.
Introduction of Democracy in Malaysia Democracy Democracy is a system that people decide and make decision as a group. The terms of Democracy formed by ancient Greeks that combine the words demos which mean people and krates which also mean as rule. So that the Democracy are refer to people-power or rule by people. The principle of democracy is, all the people have a vote and rights in decision making. Normally, the principle of democracy use in the form of government to make law and election.
According to sacred scripture: “...And (the believers conduct) their affairs by mutual consultation…” (Al-Quran-ul-Kareem) Determination The life of the Holy Prophet ﷺ comprises of several instances of determination. The people of Taif threw stones on Holy Prophet ﷺ but he never gave up from preaching and leading people to right path. He ﷺ always prayed for their straight path. Nothing could stop Holy Prophet ﷺ from leading people. Allah gave him motivation to determinate and do not grieve: “Do not grieve; indeed Allah is with us.” (Al-Quran-ul-Kareem) Patience Holy Prophet ﷺ was a man of patience.
The basic logic behind sending Quran was to provide guidance to all mankind. However some non-believers argued that it was not sent from Allah. Allah provides proof in Quran that it is word of Allah through various verses. Allah says in Holy Quran Had it been from other than Allah, they would surely, have found therein many a contradiction [al-Nisa 4:82 interpretation of the meaning] Quran has answer to all questions that a human mind has. In fact Allah states in Holy Quran that if it was not the word of Allah, people would be fighting over the meanings of verses.
Since it is not possible average Muslims to follow directly of Prophet’s example. Muslims rely on the authority of their leaders to lead them in continuation the principles of law laid out in the Qur’ān and the traditions. The Prophet (s) himself stated, “Whoever is chosen by the people after me will be the caliph, and you must listen to and obey him.” The authority include the rulers of the nation, its religious scholars and its judges. The rule in Islam is based on the concept of shura. It has two meanings which are Shura is a referendum which the majority of the people agree.
Liberalism in Islam opposing the Principles in Al Quran Al-Qur 'an acts as a constitution and it is the highest source of Islamic law. All other sources, Ahadeeth, Fiqh, Seerah, Tareekh, etc. will serve only as a commentary and useful aids in following the constitution that is the Qur 'an. Nothing can be equal to the words of Allah. In some issue, the Al-Quran is silent about it.
This religious study will compare and contrast the premise of democracy ands freedom in the Islamic religion in “Islam and Democracy” by John L. Esposito and John O. Voll and “Identity, Immigration, and Liberal Democracy” by Francis Fukuyama. Fukuyama’s (2006) argument against democracy in Islamic society is founded on the “identity politics” of modernization that creates tyrannical fundamentalist terrorist ideology after the attacks of 9./11. In contrast to this view, Esposito and Voll (2001) define complexity of Islamic governance that supports democracy and other forms of government. In this way, the “monolithic” description of Islam as a monarchical/terrorist society is an artificial construct of western societies. However, Esposito and
Conceptualizing Democracy in Bangladesh 1. Introduction: Democracy is one of the well-accepted form of political system of the present time which is the alternative to authoritarian political system. The wave of transitions away from autocratic rule started from the nineteenth century when many authoritarian political system in the West turns into democracy. There are many contributing factors that drives the authoritarian political systems to the democratic systems, such as struggle between monarchs and estates, struggle between church and state, peasants struggle against excessive taxation, the global change of commerce, technology, religious strife etc. (Held 2006, p.56).The development of democracy
Constitutional democratic monarchy is the form of government in Bhutan which came as a gift from the kings to the people. Bhutan is the nation with the youngest form of government as it was not achieved with bloodshed. The third DrukGyelpo paved the road of democracy because of his study abroad and his vision of gaining people’s trust. The Third DrukGyelpo has a great contribution in making the democracy . Democracy was started from the third king’s time but was implemented during fourth king’s reign.
And guided by the perspective adopted by the liberal theory of the state, Competing interests to ensure that pluralism does not allow the institution 's Home. The state of democracy in Pakistan Understanding the future of democracy in Pakistan, seven criteria used in this Analysis. They are: 1. the progressive movement of democratic institutions and political processes Model based on the rule of law, and equality between citizens and ensure the basic requirement Human freedoms. 2. Structural changes in the balance of power between the state and political institutions Institutions.