Macbeth is a play that consists of a very interesting tragic hero, Macbeth. He is a tragic hero from his ambition, greed, and guilt, which are known as Macbeth’s tragic flaws. Macbeth’s mistakes and errors combines listening to the witches prophecies, and killing both Duncan and Banquo, are also very supportive of how is a tragic hero. His downfall, of course, is where the Shakespearean term tragic hero struck the most, from Macbeth killing Macduff’s family, his epiphany, to when he suffered death. So, want to know the real secret of Shakespeare’s tragedies?
In many ways, John Proctor is seen as a ‘tragic hero’, he is portrayed as a man with definite great values which he has flawed. Proctor isn’t initially seen as truly moral character, his adultery and redundancy to completely dismiss his religious beliefs and rites prove otherwise. His beliefs are dismissed due to the immortality Abigail displays in her characterisation that effectively rubs off on him. John chooses to be immoral, but he himself knows the difference between right and wrong, and his conscious still plays a big role in the decisions he makes, unlike with Abigail. Throughout his characterisation, John Proctor is seen as a man of integrity, despite his immoral actions.
Because I cannot have another in my life! Because I lie and sign myself to lies! Because I am not worth the dust on feet of them you have hanged! How may I live without my name? I have given you my soul; leave my name.”(Act 4) Proctors self-pride finally gets the better of him when he exclaims that his name is more important than his own life.
W.H. Auden once said, “The truly tragic kind of suffering is the kind produced and defiantly insisted upon by the hero himself so that, instead of making him better, it makes him worse.” This suffering is what makes a tragic hero, along with other criteria. As is common in all tragedies, Antigone by Sophocles contains a very obvious tragic hero. Of the many characters, two stand out with similar flaws, Antigone and Creon. They are both flawed in their excessive pride, or hubris.
Okonkwo and Oedipus are doomed heroes, as facets of their character, such as their social status, imperfections, and self-righteousness, play a huge role in how much these men can determine their own disastrous fate. A tragic hero, by short definition, is someone who falls because of a tragic flaw and not because they are evil or a bad person. Aristotle in his book, Poetics,
John Proctor's affair with Abigail, the "fateful wound" that led to the Salem witch trials in 1692 and his tragic downfall is the first characteristic which makes Proctor a tragic hero. His "unwillingness to remain passive in the face on what he conceives to be a challenge to his dignity" (Tragedy and the Common Man, 1) and his decision to lay down his life to keep his name and dignity (Tragedy and the Common Man, 1) inarguably make John Proctor a perfect example of a modern day tragic
The Crucible is written by Arthur Miller, and it is a religious play of revenge, hatred, jealousy and witchcraft. This play takes place in a town called Salem, where people are very sensitive to sin and applaud death as an accurate punishment based on the amount of sins one person contains. By applying the psychological lens to the two characters Abigail and Elizabeth, differences of personality take more value than similarities. Causing opposite effects to the people around them, where one harms and other helps. Both are able to achieve the love of John Proctor through their own ways.
Overall, Danforth was wrong. He faces many difficult descions throughout the play, and yet he stays mostly consistent. He chooses to save his own reputation over the lives of innocent people. He knowingly sends three people to die, just so that he can look good. Danforth was the main cause of all of the heartbreak and struggle endured in Salem.
John Proctor, Arthur Miller’s main character in The Crucible, portrays these characteristics of a tragic hero. The people of Salem view John as a good person: “No, you cannot break your charity with your minister. You are another kind, John.” But, like a tragic hero, John faces a downfall due to his pride and mistakes: “God help me, I lusted.” HUBRIS In The Crucible, John Proctor has great pride in his reputation. According to Aristotle, a tragic hero’s pride or arrogance is called hubris. A tragic hero’s hubris causes his or her downfall.
In Ken Kesey’s One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest, the main character, Randle Patrick McMurphy, is a perfect example of a tragic hero. Throughout the novel McMurphy sets himself up to be the tragic hero by resenting Nurse Ratched’s power and defending the other patients. He can be classified as a contemporary tragic hero, but he also includes elements of Aristotle’s tragic hero. McMurphy’s rebellious nature and ultimate demise are what truly makes him as a tragic hero. A tragic hero must be fundamentally good but have a fatal flaw that ultimately leads to their downfall.