Utilitarianism: John Rawls's Theory Of Justice

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Utilitarianism is a term in which John Rawls rejects on two main grounds. Utilitarianism ignores the distinctness of persons and defines the right in terms of the good, according to Rawls. Rawls aims to create a theory of justice (thought experiment in this sense) that is superior to Utilitarianism and offers an intuitive dynamic. Rawls’ theory of justice as a result, can best be described as an attempt to apply in his terms a consistent analogy on the distinctness of persons and prioritising the right over the good . Rawls himself talks about justice as free and equal persons cooperating and agreeing to certain terms in fair conditions, hence the term “justice as fairness” . This notion revolves around the allocation of goods in society. Immanuel Kant is a theorists whom Rawls would’ve been inspired by, particularly when evaluating political and social institutions . Rawls argues individuals would support the notion of distributive justice concerning the equal distribution of goods if it involved elements of fairness and neutrality. In other words, if every individual was equal from when they were brought into the world they would vow for an equal distribution of goods. This is known as the “original…show more content…
However, it is argued that there are many flaws to Rawls’ theory of justice, particularly in relation to the “original position” and the basic structure of society as the primary subject of justice. This will be argued in the first half of this essay. Another flaw of Rawls’ arises in relation to his two principles of justice, the second principle in relation to distributive justice and the individual’s right to self-ownership. This will be discussed in the latter half of this essay and reinforced by the works of Robert Nozick. A concise conclusion will then be made in relation to Rawls’ theory of justice and whether it truly revived the social contract
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