Article II, Section 1 of the Constitution states: “The executive Power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America.” First, the President can veto a law or bill that is unconstitutional. However, the President cannot declare everything unconstitutional. Next, the Vice President of the United States will take the place as President, if the President is unable to lead. The Vice President will break any tie in the Senate.
Unlike the U.S. legislative branch the Texas legislature meets every odd-numbered year to write new laws and to find solutions to the problems facing the state. In Texas this time period is called the “Regular Session” and lasts for 140 days. While this may seem like a short time period compared to the national legislature, the governor can call the legislature to meet at
The president also checks the legislative branch by calling special sessions of Congress. If there needs to be an urgent meeting between the president and the legislative branch they can do it. The judicial branch gets checked by the executive branch when the president appoints Supreme Court and Federal Judges. The president can choose who gets to work in the Supreme court. The executive branch
The system works through the judicial review as part of the process of checks and balances between the three branches of the government. The most important office in this branch is the Supreme Court of United States, which is the only part of federal judiciary that is required by to Constitution. The Supreme Court interprets the Constitution to get to a final decision. As part of the Supreme Court, there are nine justices. The odd number was elected to avoid a tie during a process, once the majority of the judges agree.
Most of these state laws generally think that an elector shall cast his or her vote for the candidates who won a majority of the state 's popular vote or for the candidate of the party that nominated the elector. Moreover, although there is no federal law that requires electors to vote as they have pledged, 29 states and the District of Columbia have legal control over how their electors vote in the Electoral College. This means their electors are bound by state law and/or by state or party pledge to cast their vote for the candidate that wins the statewide popular vote. At the same time, this also means that there are 21 states in the union that have no requirements of, or legal control over, their electors. However, despite legal oversight, a number of electors have violated their state 's law binding them to their pledged vote and often only being charged with a really small fine, usually $1,000.
Despite this, Congress can override a presidential veto, and therefore go against the presidents wishes. The president can also negotiate and sign treaties with other nations. He also appoints ambassadors, Supreme Court judges, cabinet members and all other officers of the United States. American presidents rarely control both Houses of Congress, the Senate and the House of Representatives, and presidents such as Clinton, Bush and Obama have all had to work with or against a partially hostile Congress. This has made it difficult for the
With the checks and balances system this could be said to be one of the obstacles that challenge the presidency. Article II of the constitution states the roles of the president and his respected duties; however these duties are left brief and indistinguishable. This has lead to numerous debates about the actual limits of the president’s power. Therefore without actually knowing his specific guidelines it would be difficult to address the public’s concern in a particular matter and build a relationship with them based of this obstacle. Another obstacle faced would be the close relationship the president must maintain with congress, for example; the president is the commander in chief of the military, but congress has the power to declare war.
The national government would tax on a national level, create a national currency, have national foreign diplomats, regulate international trade, and even maintain a national mail service. The state governments controlled most police powers, health, education, and welfare. However, the Tenth Amendment states that “The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.”. Conflicts over states rights have been prevalent since the formation of the Constitution, the largest of which was seen in the Civil War on the institution of slavery and whether the federal government had the right to regulate or even abolish slavery. This power was previously held by the states, and it was a testy conflict to say the
The Executive Branch has the ability to veto any law that the Legislative Branch approves and the Vice President acts as the President of the Senate and can place a deciding vote in case of deadlock vote within the Senate. The Executive Branch also separates power from the Judicial Branch by appointing Supreme Court Justices and other federal judges and the Executive Branch also has the ability to pardon persons found guilty in federal
The Senate has only one legislative calendar, however the house of representatives has multiple calendars which the bill may be assigned to for debate. unlike the senate’s rules and administration committee, the house of representatives committee has the power to assign a closed or open rule to the bill. a closed rule means that only members of the original congressional committee assigned to the bill may make ammendments while an open rule allows for any representative to suggest an ammendment. the rules committee may also refuse to make a rule decision, delaying or killing the
For instance, the executive branch has the power to veto bills passed by Congress. After the president vetoes a bill, it is sent back to Congress where a two-thirds vote from the Senate and the House of Representative is required to override the veto (Cheeseman, 2013, p. 87). The first successful override of a bill was in 1845, “when Congress overrode President John Tyler’s veto of S. 66” (“Presidential, n.d.”). The executive branch also has the power to enter into treaties with foreign governments, but only with the consent and advice of the Senate (Cheeseman, 2013, p. 86). Another example of checks and balances, is the judicial branch’s authority to examine the laws of the other branches and determine whether they are constitutional, a concept known as Judicial Review (Cheeseman, 2013, p. 86).
California 's first constitution provided a bicameral legislature similar to the US Congress. Legislators mend on a part-time basis with budgets crafted in 2 year increments. Redistricting is a law that after the national census the state realigns congressional and state legislative districts to have approximately the same populations. During the entire decade between 2001 and 2010 only one of the 173 seats changed party hands.
The Constitution divides the political power amongst three separate branches of government, which are Legislative, Executive, and Judiciary. Legislative makes the laws which includes the Congress, House, and Senate. Executive carries out the laws which include the President, Vice President, and the Cabinet. Finally the Judicial evaluates the laws which include the Supreme Court and other Federal Courts. The Affordable Health Care Act also known as Obamacare is new health care reform law, which helps provide Americans with access to quality health insurance and also restrict the healthcare costs in the United States.