First, Aristotle asserts that humans have a function, and that function is to act in accord with the rational part of the soul. However, Aristotle fails to demonstrate why acting rationally is the function of humans. He argues that rationality is our purpose because humans are the only animals capable of reason. However, this simply does not follow; just because only humans are capable of reason does not mean that it is our purpose. There are plenty of capabilities humans possess that distinguish them from other animals.
Aristotle does not agree with this idea of the human condition and so uses biology as the paradigm for knowledge. This encloses his view that knowledge need not be of the eternal but by observing the world around us we can be improve our knowledge. Although Plato was of the belief that any approach had a universally broad and excellent form in philosophy Aristotle concluded that all universal forms are independent and should be analysed on their own. This frame of reference led to Aristotelian Empiricism. Whereas Plato thought that experiments and reasoning are enough to provide the qualities of an object, Aristotle was in favour of the experience and observation.
(as cited in Miller, 2012). Therefore, Aristo’s understanding of justice is essentially aristocratic and gives political rights to those who contribute to society. It is important to note that in Aristo’s ideal state, only the citizens (people who are not slaves, who own property) who are virtuous can contribute to the society. In Aristo’s ideal state every citizen is virtuous and people with high moral virtue live in complete happiness. Citizens work for the state and possess property.
In Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics, he describes his feeling and thoughts on pleasure; he discusses that pleasure is good and that the feeling of eudaimonia is connected to pleasure. Eudaimonia, also know as the term for happiness in Greek, means “a contented state of being happy and healthy and prosperous” (dictionary.com). Aristotle describes happiness as the main purpose of all human lives and that it is absolutely the essential goal for all humans. I disagree with Aristotle’s statement that a life of pleasure cannot be the best life because just because a person finds pleasure in different ventures other than being virtuous doesn’t make them an animalistic person. Aristotle indicates that pleasure is the most necessary part of unimpeded activity, but pleasure on it own, can be unintended from an activity; in which pleasure itself would develop from activity without any type of drawbacks.
In order to do this, we need to 'know thyself ' and become as learned as we can, knowing the good for all, while also being humble. We are all naturally good people, so we must promote the good in the world. According to Aristotle, however, happiness, his goal for all humans is not that easy to obtain. He claims that "happiness is a certain sort of activity of the soul in accord with virtue (Aristotle, p.12). On the Aristotelian model of how to obtain happiness, it deals a great deal with the issue of particulars.
This paper will discuss how Aristotle’s theory of action relates to the his thoughts on “one’s life as a whole.” It will start by defining actions and the attributes given to them. Next, Aristotle’s view on life as a whole will be discussed. Then the process behind determining one’s final end is addressed and the paper will conclude with the argument supporting why a single final end is optimal. Aristotle considers choice to be necessary for proper action and believes all actions are aimed towards a goal, which is inherently good (Annas 30). Under this premise actions only account for a small part of the things we do, as Aristotle assumes that ethics is only concerned with what someone does on purpose.
In this essay, I will be discussing Aristotle’s conception of the “good life” which he outlined in the Nicomachean Ethics. As we will see, the “good life” for man according to Aristotle is one where we perform the particular activity which is distinctly ours and guides us towards eudaimonia – sometimes translated as ‘happiness’ or ‘well-being’. He shows us how the other conflicting depictions of the ‘good life’ are misguided, and how we should aim for a life of reason. First, however, I will discuss briefly what Aristotle meant by the term ‘good’ and then move on to how he arrived at the conclusion on human happiness. Aristotle believes that the ‘good life’ for a particular organism depends on what that organism is and the conditions it requires
Aristotle advanced the philosophy of ethics, where he demonstrated that it is a means of achieving an end to happiness. However, happiness means many things to different people. To Aristotle, the most adequate way to pursue happiness is through the virtue of excellence. In his writings, Aristotle connected his therory of virtue to economics, and leadership as well. It is a matter of connecting ones personal ethics to that of ones business ethics., simply because Aristotle made no disticntion between ethics and politics.
In today's society, no one in the world gets anywhere without an education. Education is very important to our society. The more knowledge we develop the more we can do with our future. Education helps individuals become wiser, so they can make their own decisions to shape society. In fact, education helps one become a helpful member of society.
Good morning everyone, I am glad to meet you all in this morning. Ladies and gentlemen, I believe that some of you may be confused about that whether the education is important in this world. It is because some of you don’t even know the world would change by education. However, if someone asked me, in my opinion, I will answer yes, I totally agree that the education is important in this world. As the proverb says, “Education is the most powerful weapon in the world”.