Imagine the wicked House of Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) arrest an innocent man. The HUAC does not arrest the man because he has committed a murder, but because he is a communist. Many communists became victims of HUAC in the Red Scare crisis of the 1950s. These communists made the right decision to speak out for their freedom and against injustice. These communists also spoke out for their freedom of different beliefs.
“…I have here an accusation by Mr. Corey against you. He states that you coldly prompted your daughter to cry witchery upon George Jacobs that is now in jail.” (Danforth 182). This shows that someone thinks that the girls did perform witch craft and now that there is an accusation against them, the whole village will know what someone saw. The girl’s reputation is going to be ruined by the accusation made against them, and now they have to do anything to prove that they are innocent. Anyone will do anything to protect their reputation.
Mary desperately wants to tell the truth because she believes their punishment will be less severe if they are truthful. Because of this Abigail threatened her and the other girls, saying they will not tell the truth, so the girls decide to use the two afflicted girls to their advantage and claim witchcraft. Their claim of witchcraft leads to an entire mess of people being falsely accused. John Proctor knows that the girls are lying but doesn't do anything about it until his wife is arrested. Whereupon he forces Mary Warren to tell him the truth and say that she will tell the truth to the court to save all of the innocent people.
In the end, 25 lives were lost. An example of this is, “For example, Parris’s niece, Abigail Williams, fingered 41 different witches for attacking her; Ann Putnam Jr. accused 53; her servant, Mercy Lewis, blamed 54; and a girl named Mary Walcott, who was Ann’s step-cousin, named an astonishing 69 witches” (Schanzer 56). Most people would have never known if they were going to be accused or not. The Salem Witch Trials were indeed unfair because the accusers had absolutely no evidence. Also, the accusations themselves were just incredibly random, and the judges were so gullible that they would just believe almost anything.
The second Red Scare was a time period where government officials were questioned whether they had Communist affiliations. To eradicate the security threats in the government, President Truman issued Executive Order 9835 to search out “infiltration of disloyal persons.” This action caused the investigation of people like Alger Hiss and other suspected Communists. The government along with the citizens set up effective ways, Blacklists, to bar Communists from getting hired for work. In 1950, Red Channels, a book that exposed 151 writers, actors, musicians, and other radio and television entertainers as Communists, was published. This book completely devastated the people on the list and placed these people on Blacklists.
This shows how the court listened to anyone who “cries witchery”, Sarah was and easy target because she was the lowest class in society. Another accusation was how Abbey accused Elizabeth (the wife of John Procter) that she sent her spirit after her by using a puppet that was critically placed or thought out to be at
Even with the play’s puritan disguise Miller was still sent on trial for suspicion of communism. If “The Crucible” had been written at another time it probably would not have gained much interest and there would not have been something to bring people to the realization that McCarthy’s accusations and methods were really somewhat uncalled for. Both the Salem Trials and McCarthyism were cause by the spread of something that created fear and paranoia and allowed chaos and revenge to take
He brings Mary Warren into the court to save his wife by confessing to lies and pretense concerning the accused witches. Mary turns on him and John admits to being an adulterer. He saved his wife by putting his reputation on the line. He is arrested. Elizabeth tries to protect her husband by lying to the court.
This type of obedience, although it is created from religion, uses the court to implement what they want done. The people confuse the common man with evil and to obey the wishes of God, the people must attack the source. This is clearly seen in the Red Scare, but the American people were not in fear of God, they were in fear of politics, or the government in general. The proof is in the statement, “A young Senator named Joseph McCarthy made a public accusation that more than two hundred “card-carrying” communists had infiltrated the United States government causing fear” (McCarthyism). They too attacked the source of fear, which they claimed to be Communism, but just like the witch hunters claimed the source to be the Devil.