Introduction Patients with spine pain generally present with a clinical picture that could be created by many different conditions and therefore it is vital that clinicians identify these conditions that may delay a patient’s recovery and function or put them at risk for serious medical consequences. These conditions are known as red flags. Red flags are signs and symptoms that are found in the patient’s history and clinical examination that can link to a serious pathology. They may require further diagnostic assessment and possibly immediate treatment by a specialist. Red flags must be ruled in or out prior to treatment, the likelihood of which can be improved by thorough consideration of patient history, characteristics of the present complaint and physical examination and
Complications of calvarial grafts include surface deformity at the donor and/or recipient site and graft fracture during harvest. Less commonly, dural exposure or tear can occur. If the dura is injured, the tear should be totally exposed, by expanding the bone defect with a rongeur, and patched with a temporalis fascia or, more recently, a synthetic graft. Intracranial hemorrhage after calvarial bone harvesting has been reported but is extremely rare.92 The anterior surface of the tibial plateau can be a good source of cortical or corticocancellous bone grafts. Mechanical stiffness of the tibial cortex can be useful in facial bone augmentation, or bridging an osteotomy
The stages of wound healing are complex and fragile process. Failure to progress in the stages of wound healing can lead to chronic wounds. Factors that lead up to chronic wounds are venous disease, infection, diabetes, and metabolic deficiencies of the elderly. Careful wound care can speed up the stages of wound healing by keeping wounds moist, clean and protected from reinjury and infection. In the chronic wound condition, matrix Metalloprotease are over expressed which delays the wound healing mechanism
Hemangioma is a common type of. It is a tumor-like birthmark of cells called endothelial cells. You can get hemangioma anywhere in your body. Most appear during the first weeks of life, and then grows rapidly for 6-12 months. They start to shrink which may take 7 years.
Cerebral Palsy is caused by brain injuries or brain malformation that occurs before during or after birth that affects the brain's development. There are many ways to prevent Cerebral Palsy according to which category it falls into. There are three categories, congenital, acquired and genetic predisposition. Congenital cases are the result of brain damage before the child is born and often happens because of birth complications. It can be acquired in multiple ways such as having a stroke or being in a car accident and it may also be the effect of shaken-baby-syndrome, it can also happen because of an infection or condition that slows down the blood flow to the brain.
Typical causes are experience in the traumatic event, witnessing the traumatic event, having someone close to you in a traumatic event, and much more. The most significant neurological impact of trauma is in the hippocampus; where memories from. The hippocampus also helps us distinguish between past and present memories.Thus they lose ability to discriminate between past and present experiences. Post traumatic stress disorders usually affects soldiers or those who serve, however, it can very much happen to anyone. Anyone one suffering from post traumatic stress disorder can seek medicine or treatment with a doctor.
Unfortunately, the traditional treatments often accompanied with some disadvantages such as donor site morbidity, risk of disease transmission, limited long-term function recovery, high failure rates and risk of injury recurrence. Therefore, tissue engineering provides an alternative in the treatment for repair or replacement of damaged tendon. The use of adult mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) with scaffolds and bioactive molecules are the most typically used candidates for the regeneration of
• If just the tip of your finger was removed, the wound will typically heal on its own with a protective dressing and regular cleaning. • For more severe injuries, a portion of skin may need to be taken from another part of the body (graft) and attached to the wound site until it heals. • If a large portion of the finger was amputated, it may be possible to reattach it surgically (replantation). HOME CARE INSTRUCTIONS • Take medicines only as directed by your health care provider. • If you were prescribed an antibiotic medicine, finish all of it even if you start to feel better.
Scarring can bound the normal motion of the neck, shoulder, hands, or legs. Often surgery to help release this contracture can help a patient regain range of motion. Facial scarring that leads to problems with the eyelids, lips, nose, or hair loss can also be helped with reconstructive burn surgery. Scars that are abnormally thick, wide, or discolored might also be improved by a variety of operative and non-operative methods. With this said, I believe that plastic surgery should be implemented without restriction because this allows burn victims to be confident and themselves and have hope for having a bright