In Not Just a Death, a System Failure, author Barbara Morgan criticized the US health care system’s lack of palliative care, painful treatments, and unwillingness to face the end-of-life decision, which leads to many patients suffering the last part of their lives in discomfort. The author centers her argument on the anecdote about the dying of her late mother, who spent several months in the discomfort of intensive care until the time of her death. Moran’s point is one part valid since the treatments for serious diseases are dangerous, painful, and many times only focus on prolonging life rather than improving life. However, she neglected the fact that these treatments are optional, and patients are always open to spending the last part of their life away from the hospital.
In the essay, “Organ Sales Will Saves Lives” Joanna MacKay elaborates that kidney failure is a major problem that has a possible, not so complex solution. Mackay believes that this issue could possibly be resolved if the legalization of organ sales were to be possible. In fact, her main argument throughout the essay is that government officials should not waste lives, but rather help save them by legalizing this process. Furthermore, she explains the dangers of the black market and how authorizing organ sales would benefit all parties involved. Overall, MacKay thoroughly claims that organ sales would ensure greatness for the recipient but also for the buyer; most importantly, she believed it would give someone a chance to continue living a
Human body and its health problems had been unknown for centuries until the evolution of the medical field in the late 1800s which lead to a rise in the average life expectancy from thirty six to a sweeping seventy eight. Then specialists started to identify the structure and the function of each organ. That’s when they found how important some organs as well as the human body cannot work properly without it. The kidney is one of those organs due to how fundamental it can
A thirty-five-year-old married man with four children is suffering from the end-stage of kidney failure. All do to suffering years with chronic renal inadequacy and kidney disease. He is currently on dialysis, which has improved his health significantly to where he can function well and can expect to remain about the same while on it (Grisez, 1997, question 50).
Polycystic kidney disease is a genetic or hereditary disorder in which clusters of cysts develop within your kidneys. Cysts are round sacs containing water-like fluid. Over time, these cysts will enlarge, multiply and damage the kidneys which can lead to kidney failure. Kidneys are usually the most severely affected organs from this disease, but cysts can also develop in your liver, pancreas, spleen, ovaries, and large bowel. Polycystic kidney disease can also affect the brain and heart. PKD is the fourth leading cause of kidney failure. This disease is found in all races occurs equally in men or woman and causes about 5% of all kidney failure.
Well to begin with there is a lot of intelligence that I can cut out of the list due to the fact that I haven’t experienced any excellence in that particular field, or perhaps I haven’t triggered the outflow of knowledge quite yet. The intelligences that I feel I do not display begins with musical intelligence. As a child, I was never very interested in music ever since third grade we had a choice of whether we wanted to go into band, choir, or “Sound Safari.” I chose sound safari which basically was creating music from everyday objects. We never read sheet music or played any authentic instruments. Since then I’ve tried learning the French Horn, the piano, even the guitar only to find that I fall flat on my face. Next I do not believe
What does it mean to be a child? By definition, a person between the ages of four through ten, they have no care in the world; they play with mud and eat bugs. They cry for sweets and color outside the lines. Unfortunately I didn’t have much of a childhood. By the time I was five years old I had seven surgeries and had consulted with twenty specialists.
Alport syndrome is a genetic condition characterized by kidney disease, hearing loss, and eye abnormalities. People with Alport syndrome experience progressive loss of kidney function. Almost all affected individuals have blood in their urine (hematuria), which indicates abnormal functioning of the kidneys. Many people with Alport syndrome also develop high levels of protein in their urine (proteinuria). The kidneys become less able to function as this condition progresses, resulting in end-stage renal disease (ESRD). People with Alport syndrome frequently develop sensorineural hearing loss, which is caused by abnormalities of the inner ear, during late childhood or early adolescence. Affected individuals may also have misshapen
This leads to the body breaking down its own proteins to convert into additional glucose which cannot be absorbed and again is flushed out in the urine. The loss of these vitally needed proteins is dangerous to the individual it leads to the skeletal muscles breaking down which causes weakness and rapid weight loss. Other systems in the body are also influence by this loss of proteins such as the heart, lungs, brain, micro blood vessels, intestines, and kidneys. The intestines are affected by the damaged micro blood vessels; this is because the intestines need a rich blood supply to work properly. The kidneys are damaged by the overuse of filtering the excess glucose out of the body’s system. Observe Appendix 7 below a diagram of the kidney affected
Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a genetic disorder categorized by the growth of numerous cysts in the kidneys. Said cysts are filled with fluid and slowly replace most of the mass of the kidneys. This inevitably reduces kidney function and eventually leads to kidney failure. When PKD causes the kidneys to fail, which typically happens after many years, the patient requires dialysis or a kidney transplant. Approximately one-half of the people with the major form of PKD advance to kidney failure, also known as end-stage renal disease. Approximately 500,000 people in the US have PKD and is the fourth leading cause of kidney failure.
Pyelonephritis is a kidney infection of a causative agent such as bacteria called Escherichia coli (E. coli). Transmission is due to poor hygiene or an untreated urinary tract infection (UTI). A basic description of pyelonephritis is inflammation of the kidneys due to an infection of the renal pelvis and is sometimes asymptomatic. This infection can destroy the structures of the kidney such as the loop of Henle, nephrons, and corpuscles all important for the kidney to concentrate urine. Antibiotics are used for treatment, however it depends on the causative agent. Surgery, dialysis, or nephrectomy may be considered for Chronic pyelonephritis.
The immune system is the most important system in the human body because it protects the body from strange objects, such as viruses, bacterium, and germs. Unfortunately, sometimes the immune system becomes overactive and attacks different areas of the body, such as the lungs, joints, heart, blood, skin, kidney, or brain, which are a healthy area in the body. This overactive of the immune system can lead to many diseases, known as autoimmune diseases. These autoimmune include many diseases, such as Hashimoto thyroiditis, rheumatic fever, lupus, Addison’s and celiac disease. Lupus is one of the most common autoimmune diseases. It is estimated by the Lupus Foundation of America that, “at least five million people worldwide have a form of lupus.”
Further experiments involving the analysis of serum glucose, creatinine concentration, albumin-creatinine ratio, and expression of inflammatory and renal injury gene markers were performed. The Sprague Dawley rats in the 100 mg/kg group gained 5% less weight than the other treatment groups and converted roughly 3% more of their food intake into body mass. The kidney weight per body weight of the 100 mg/kg treatment group was 30.1% greater than the control group. Creatinine concentration of the 100 mg/kg group was 46.2% greater than the control group. These results suggest that 2AA may induce the early diabetic renal injuries of hyperfiltration and microalbuminuria, however, further studies utilizing urine analysis, glomerular filtration assessments, greater 2AA concentrations, different delivery methods, longer trials, and ELISA should be conducted to further assess the effect of 2AA on diabetic