Unfortunately, I have experienced the most common form of back pain, sciatic nerve pain. OUCH! The sciatic nerve is the longest nerve in the body (1) and is comprised of two nerves, “tibial and common fibular—bound together by a common sheath of connective tissue. It splits into its two divisions, usually at the knee. Injury to the sciatic nerve results in sciatica, pain that may extend from the buttock down the posterior and lateral aspect of the leg and the lateral aspect of the foot” (1). Sciatic pain has a range, “from a mild ache to a sharp, burning sensation or excruciating pain. Sometimes it can feel like a jolt or electric shock. It can be worse when you cough or sneeze, and prolonged sitting can aggravate symptoms. Usually only one side of your body is affected” (2).
It can be caused by an influx of bacteria into the urinary tract, which can result from bad hygiene or holding in urine (waste material that is secreted by the kidneys). However, chronic (occurring for a long period of time, or always reoccurring) pyelonephritis can cause even more damage to the internal organs (organs within the chest or abdomen). This form of pyelonephritis can be described as the continuing infection of the kidneys, this time, more serious because there is an abundance of pus (liquid formed in infected tissue) present. This type is more common in patients who have a history of having anatomic abnormalities (relating to the body and having problems) such as kidney stones (a hard mass formed in the
For a lot of people, the first thing that comes to mind when they hear the word “rock” is a kind of relatively hard, naturally formed matter; or stone.
Human body and its health problems had been unknown for centuries until the evolution of the medical field in the late 1800s which lead to a rise in the average life expectancy from thirty six to a sweeping seventy eight. Then specialists started to identify the structure and the function of each organ. That’s when they found how important some organs as well as the human body cannot work properly without it. The kidney is one of those organs due to how fundamental it can
was their hands, use sterile techniques for invasive procedures, and isolate those that have the
Polycystic kidney disease is a genetic or hereditary disorder in which clusters of cysts develop within your kidneys. Cysts are round sacs containing water-like fluid. Over time, these cysts will enlarge, multiply and damage the kidneys which can lead to kidney failure. Kidneys are usually the most severely affected organs from this disease, but cysts can also develop in your liver, pancreas, spleen, ovaries, and large bowel. Polycystic kidney disease can also affect the brain and heart. PKD is the fourth leading cause of kidney failure. This disease is found in all races occurs equally in men or woman and causes about 5% of all kidney failure.
Health care associated infections (HAI) are one of the most common issues in hospital settings. These types of infections are not present during hospital administration but instead appear 48-72 hours after hospitalization. Common healthcare associated infections include bloodstream infections, urinary tract infections, pneumonia and surgical site infections. One of the most prevalent of these infections is a urinary catheter associated infection.
A thirty-five-year-old married man with four children is suffering from the end-stage of kidney failure. All do to suffering years with chronic renal inadequacy and kidney disease. He is currently on dialysis, which has improved his health significantly to where he can function well and can expect to remain about the same while on it (Grisez, 1997, question 50).
What does it mean to be a child? By definition, a person between the ages of four through ten, they have no care in the world; they play with mud and eat bugs. They cry for sweets and color outside the lines. Unfortunately I didn’t have much of a childhood. By the time I was five years old I had seven surgeries and had consulted with twenty specialists.
A urinary tract infection is more common in girls than boys that are greater than six months of age, and are common infections that are seen in pediatric office. Children that are diagnosed with urinary tract infections account for over one million annual office visits and 500,000 emergency department visits each year (Spencer, Schwaderer, McHugh, & Hains, 2010). Urine in the proximal urethra and bladder is normally sterile, so entry of bacteria into the bladder can arise due to normal voiding, voiding dysfunctions, catherterization, poor toileting hygiene, and sexual activity. Urinary tract infections develop when uropathogens that have colonized the periurethral area ascended to the bladder via the urethra. From there, pathogens can spread up the urinary tract to the kidneys or the blood stream, so prompt diagnosis and treatment should begin for the patient (Fisher, 2015). The most common pathogen causing urinary tract infections in adolescent females are fecal flora, most commonly E coli due to the close proximity of the anus to the vaginal
Gallstones are pieces of solid material that form in the gallbladder. These stones develop because cholesterol and pigments in bile sometimes form hard particles. Gallstones form in the gallbladder a small organ located under the liver. The gallbladder aids in the digestive process by storing bile and secreting it into the small intestine when food enters. Bile is a fluid produced by the liver and is made up of several substances, including cholesterol, bilirubin and bile salts (WebMD. 2005-2015).The majority of gallstones remain in the bladder (cholelithias) and may show no symptoms (silent gallstones), it may be eventually be discovered during investigation or at autopsy. Impaction of a gallstone in the neck of the gallbladder results in gallbladder inflammation and the symptoms and signs of acute or chronic cholecystitis. (Summerfield, 2010). There two main types of gallstones, they are cholesterol stones: usually yellow-green in color, approximately 80% of gallstones are cholesterol stones. Pigment stones: These stones are smaller and darker and are made up of bilirubin. (WebMD. 2005-2015). Gallstones, their causes, incidence and prevalence,
Imagine your beautiful baby girl being born and finding out she has a birth defect affecting her quality of life forever. I was born with Bladder Exstrophy, a rare abnormality present at birth in which the bladder and associated structures are improperly formed and occur in 1 out of 50,000 births. Throughout my childhood I’ve had 14 surgeries to make my life as “normal” as can be. To manage my situation, it requires different techniques just to empty my bladder and to prevent serious infections.
In obstructive Chronic Pyelonephritis, the kidney walls become thin and the scarring can be seen from the cortex to the medulla Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) is the failure of the vesicoureteral orifice that can be the result of bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) increasing pressure on the bladder distorting the valve. This means that urine is able to move back into the kidney because of the failure of the vesicoureteral orifice valve. In a healthy kidney, the flow of urine descends from the kidney to the ureter into the bladder. The valve closes after urine flows into the bladder. However, in regard to pyelonephritis, the valve is distorted due to VUR allowing the flow of urine to ascend back into the ureter and the
Kidney stones can effect everyone regardless of gender, nationality or age. Men are more prone to have kidney stones than women because men usually have larger muscle mass compare to women. Other cause is that men have a complicated urinary track that involves the prostate gland that can sometimes obstruct the bladder outflow. To diagnose a patient with kidney stones several test can be perform such as urinalysis, blood work, x-ray, CT scan and a physical. Symptoms of kidney stones include intensive pain when urinating, nausea, vomiting, blood in urine, and pain in abdominal are or genitals. As a medical assistant I can a support a patient experiencing kidney stones by writing everything down he tells to for the physician to read
Data mining enables health systems to systemically use data and analytics to identify inefficiencies and best practices that improve care and reduce costs. There needs to be an analysis of large amounts of data to discover patterns and use them to predict future events. The most effective strategy in data mining has a three step approach: Analytics incudes the expertise to gather data, make sense and standardize measurements and aggregating the data into a data warehouse. Content system systematically applies evidence-based best practice to care delivery and the deployment system which drives change through new organizational structures. Implementing all three of these enables a healthcare organization to apply data mining into everyday practice (Crockett, Johnson & Eliason, 2014).