It’s a weight-bearing joint that straightens bends, twist and rotates. All this motion increases risk of acute or overuse knee injuries. Acute knee injuries including torn ligaments and torn cartilage are often caused by twisting the knee or falling. Sports that involve running
The shoulder joint has a wide range of motion. Over time, the structures in the joint, including the bones, muscles, ligaments, and tendons can wear down due to constant friction when they rub against each another. The rotator cuff muscles that allow you to rotate your arm extend from the shoulder blade to the upper arm are connected with tendons, which can rub constantly on their bone attachment. Bone spurs often form in this area, causing pinching of the rotator cuff tendons. This causes irritation, inflammation, pain, stiffness, weakness, and tendon tears.
A mallet finger presents itself when there is a sudden struck of force onto a resisting distal interphalangeal (DIP) joint flexion of the finger by an approaching object or even just smashing the fingertip against a stationary object causing pain and tenderness to be exhibit at the dorsum part of the distal phalanx base (Buttaravoli & Leffler, 2012, p.415). The distal phalanges are attached by the extensor tendon which is a projection from the extensor digitorum muscle that allows the finger to be straightened but if the extensor tendon is injured, then the finger would fail to be straightened by its own strength but it is only possible by another hand. Commonly, the extensor tendon is pulled from the bone but there are cases where the bone
Open Fracture An open fracture is a dangerous type of injury because it is often associated with other types of body trauma. Its severity may vary from a small visible wound to overt physical trauma that shows seriously damaged bones, muscles, blood vessels and nerves. Open fractures involve broken bones that are exposed to the environment and are at risk for contamination and infection. Part 1: What Is an Open Fracture? An open fracture is a broken bone that penetrates the skin.
Rotator cuff injuries are pretty popular and happen to a lot of people. Basically, the two most common types of injury for the rotator cuffs are tears and impingements. Impingements on the shoulder occurs when the soft tissues of your rotator cuff become inflamed and swollen. When this happens, there will be an expansion in size and this will make movement of the shoulders a little bit difficult. This will cause pinching between the shoulder blade and the arm bone when you try to move your shoulders.
The pelvis and spines are usually affected in Paget disease but other areas that can be affected are skull, shoulder, thigh bone, and long bone ( arms and legs ). Bone pain is a common sign of Paget disease. There has a few features of bone pain,which is feel dull pain deep within the affected some part of the body. Usually the pain happen worse at the night when lying down and that area maybe feel warm. In progress of the Paget disease,maybe the affected bones will occur deformities, for example twisted, misshapen of limb, and scoliosis.
NEUROMUSCULAR , PROPRIOCEPTIVE AND BALANCE TRAINING VS BRACING AND TAPING FOR PREVENTING RECURRENT ANKLE SPRAIN IN ATHLETES INTRODUCTION An ankle sprain is an injury to the tough ligaments that surrounds the bones and keeps in contact with each other (1). In India more than ten million cases per year is recorded (2). Ankle sprain makes about 15% of all athletic injuries occurring each day (1). These injuries are common among basketball, volleyball, soccer players(1). Regular participation in physical activity and sports is beneficial for health but there is also increased risk of injury and ankle sprain is commonest one(4).
A worse thing can happen, when the force is greater it may pull away a bone along with the tendon. As a result, the tip of the finger can no longer straighten itself. Even a minor movement like folding your clothes can cause this kind of injury. This kind of fracture is identified as an avulsion. The long, ring and pinky fingers are the most likely to be
According to research studies, Peripheral artery disease (PAD) had been commonly underdiagnosed, undertreated, and poorly understood. [http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2894725/]. Study result demonstrates that underdiagnosis of PAD in primary care practice may have been the reason for ineffective secondary prevention of the high ischemic cardiovascular risk associated with PAD. The symptoms of Peripheral arterial disease can be mistaken for symptoms of other medical conditions, such as hip pain (a symptom of PAD), is commonly mistaken for arthritis. Many people also mistakenly think that recurring episodes of leg pain could be due to ageing.
However, people of any age can experience knee problems. Weakness in the knees can seriously influence the mobility of a person. It can also interfere with normal everyday activities, such as lifting boxes and walking downhill. Weakness in the knees can be caused by different reasons.
Genu Recurvatum, otherwise known as back knee, is hyperextension of the knee. Hyperextension of the knee occurs when the knee joint passes more than 180 degrees. When this happens, the knee can usually pass about 10 to 15 degrees more than the standard degree (Anonymous, 2015). Here, the femur bone leans on the anterior part of the tibia instead of being balanced out (Loudon, Goist, Loudon, 1998). This could cause damage to the soft tissue around it, and increased stress on the knees.
If a strong force drives your femur down into your tibial plateau, it can cause the tibial plateau to collapse or break away at the edges. A displaced tibial plateau fracture means that a piece or pieces of your tibial plateau have been moved out of normal position. This type of fracture is treated with open reduction. Open reduction is a type of
Elbow Bursitis Elbow bursitis is inflammation of the fluid-filled sac (bursa) between the tip of your elbow bone (olecranon) and your skin. Elbow bursitis may also be called olecranon bursitis. Normally, the olecranon bursa has only a small amount of fluid in it to cushion and protect your elbow bone. Elbow bursitis causes fluid to build up inside the bursa. Over time, this swelling and inflammation can cause pain when you bend or lean on your elbow.
There is little comprehensive Australian data regarding number of ACL injuries that occur each year due to insufficient reporting. (Janssen, Orchard, Driscoll & Mechelen, 2011) Other studies have shown that women are more likely than men to experience ACL tears. However, it was revealed that males have a higher knee reconstruction rate. (Masters, 2011) Furthermore, this review paper will be useful to the community as ACL injuries affect many Australian citizens, particularly the young adult population who engage in multi-directional sports. Understanding preventative measures will reduce ACL injuries, support rehabilitation and maximize movement