This deformity can be caused by a variety of problems, including: • Osteoporosis. This bone-thinning disorder can result in crushed vertebrae (compression fractures). Osteoporosis is most common in older adults, particularly women, and in people who have taken high doses of corticosteroids for long periods of time. • Disk degeneration. Soft, circular disks act as cushions between spinal vertebrae.
However, it is necessary to seek treatment to prevent further impediments of the joints. There are many causes of being diagnosed with this illness some of these causes are, four possibilities exist that limit joint movements: 1) abnormal development of muscles; 2) inadequate room in the uterus for the baby; 3) a malformed central nervous system and spinal cord; and 4) tendons, joints, bones, and joint linings which did not mature correctly. The decrease in range of motion is also caused by extra tissue that has formed around the joint, prohibiting movement. The most common universal symptom of AMC is limited or absent movement around small and large joints (contractures). The contractures are present at birth (congenital).
In lateral canal stenosis as there is involvement of the nerve it results in severe radiculopathy, with muscle weakness, pain and immobility. This results from a series of changes in the components of the central and lateral canal such as ligamentum flavum inflammation, bony spurs, epidural fat deposition and facetal hypertrophy. (1) Management of spinal stenosis includes conservative or surgical treatment. Conservative approach comprises of rest, analgesics, anti inflammatory medications, physical exercises, and weight loss. Surgery is done in patients who have severe pain, disability, neuropathy or malignancy.
Of course, the condition will most likely involve a heart problem, which is discovered at birth, along with a webbed neck, chest deformities, many birth marks, also known as café-au-lait spots, and a short stature. The features of this syndrome are not fully known, considering the fact that there are numerous characteristics and no two infected individuals have the same exact features. Like in most other disease cases, there are lists of more minor symptoms that can occur in an individual. In infants and newborns, feeding problems are present, due to a poor sucking reflex. Behavioral problems and developmental delays can occur, which causes the individual to achieve milestones slower, such as sitting and walking.
However, the findings of EDS contain laxity and weakness of joints. At the early age, chronic pain develop a joint disease called osteoarthritis. It has elastic skin, fragility skin, blood vessels and membranes. Tissue fragility can affected the people who have experience of bruise, bleeding and wound is not healing properly. Many people who have EDS, the symptoms can happen in childhood.
The infant may develop temporary muscle weakness and associated findings (i.e., transient neonatal myasthenia gravis). The passage of anti-acetylcholine receptor antibodies through the placenta to the unborn child during pregnancy may cause this condition to the infant. Some of the myasthenia gravis is inherited as an autosomal recessive, or more rarely, an autosomal dominant condition is described as congenital myasthenia gravis. The individual that inherits two copies of an abnormal gen for the same trait from each parent, the individual will have recessive genetic disorders. If the individual receives one normal gene and one gene for the disease, the person will be a carrier for the disease but usually will not show symptoms.
The only sign the baby may have of Spina Bifida is an abnormal tuft or clump hair or a small dimple or birthmark in the skin at the site of the spinal malformation (NIH). Spina Bifida have a few symptoms but it depends on which type and the intensity of the disease in the baby. Many of the symptoms the baby will experience are: loss of bladder or bowel control, partial or complete lack of sensation, partial or complete paralysis of the legs, weakness of the hips, legs, or feet of the newborn. Other symptoms can be: abnormal feet or legs, such as clubfoot and buildup of fluid inside the skull (Hydrocephalus). Spina Bifida can be diagnosed in three different ways such as: AFP test, ultrasound and amniocentesis.
9.Myelomeningocele - is the most serious spinal defect that the spine unable to form completely. It is a protrusion that contains spinal cord and nerves in the patient’s back. It can cause patient limb defects, bladder and bowel dysfunction and Physical
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is a degenerative neuromuscular disorder that affects the motor neurons of the spinal cord and brain. Due to degeneration or destruction of the motor neurons, muscles throughout the body begin to become weak and waste away to the point that an individual has no muscle movement. In most cases, due to having muscle strength, a patient with ALS will succumb to their disease because of respiratory failure or dehydration and malnutrition. It is a progressive disease with a prognosis of 3 to 5 years after initial diagnosis. There is no cure for the disease as of now.
Many concerns have centered in on the possible links between repeated concussions and chronic traumatic encephalopathy or CPE. Chronic traumatic encephalopathy is a serious, degenerative brain disease that affects a person’s ability to think. Chronic traumatic encephalopathy involves the progressive brain damage, particularly in the frontal region of the brain, which controls many functions including people’s judgement, emotion, impulsive control, social behavior and their memory. A signature feature of the disease is abnormal deposits of a protein called tau that accumulates around small blood vessels in brain crevices. Researchers believe that multiple blows to the head may dislodge the tau protein from the cell structure and cause it to form in clumps inside nerve cells.