For instance, “Children must use language to communicate with others before they can focus inwards on their own thought” (Santrock, 61). This shows how with communication a child can improve their ability of becoming proficient in the language being learn. For instance, child needs to form communication with peers and family members to fully develop fully understanding of the language and later expanding their vocabulary. Vygotsky strongly believe that language is interrelated with social adaptations of the child. He strongly believe that social interaction played a big role in language
2.2 Theory of Language Acquisition Language is crucial to young children’s development; it is the essential key for learning, for communicating and building relationships with others as well as enabling children to make sense of the world around them. The role of the environment on a child 's language development is important. Through the neighborhood, children can absorb all the acquired information. However, the most important is a concern of parents and family. Parents help the children develop their first language.
In conjunction with the behaviorism theory, the interactionism theory also comes into play at this stage. The interactionism theory is: language develops as a result of complex interplay between the uniquely human characteristics of the child and the environment in which the child develops. The way the two work together is by observing the environment and recognizing how words are used. Children begin to say words and at the same time associate it with meaning. The meaning being that one word can tell and mean many different things.
As Chomsky (1980: 48) internalized linguistic grammar system is "a certain mental structure consisting of a system of rules and principles that generate and relate mental representation of various types." Universal Grammar form the initial state of a child by all the knowledge and experience that the child is already equipped with input previously. The primary linguistic data (PLD) are helping the child critically to make the child able to determined the specific grammar form in its appropriate place. According to Lydia White "a language-specific lexicon is built up, and parameters of Universal Grammar are set to values appropriate for the language in question" (2). The grammar can
This interactions not only boost children 's intelligence but foster language acquisition as well. Piaget 's cognitive development stages are as follows: from 0 to 2 years of age (sensor-motor stage), from 2 to 7 (pre operational stage), from 7 to12 (concrete operational stage), and finally, from 12 to 15 ( formal operational). The most relevant stage for this investigation is the preoperational stage because is where children master their verbal skills. This stage ranges from ages 2 to 7 and it is crucial for children development given the fact that they develop their thinking abilities in order to do so in a logical and operational way. Children start to understand that every person, animal or thing is represented by a word.
In other words, children are assumed to acquire language with the aid of principles of Universal Grammar: the set of principles that define the range of possible human languages". (p. 3) There are important conditions for the process of language acquisition. To achieve a general language abilities, a child of three years of age should interact with other language users to enhance his ability. A normal child has the ability to send and receive messages in the language. The child who wants to speak a language should hear the spoken language.
A lot of researchers consider language play as a main base of children's language development including grammar knowledge and creative communication process with others. Therefore, children are exposed to different patterns of language play whether at home or at school so that they can develop their language skills to great extent. There are a lot of studies in both psycholinguistics and social anthropology so that researchers can understand how children acquire and master their language. Childhood can be defined as the period when the child is creative with his or her own language. Thus, children are often engaged with investigating linguistic creativity.
Language development is a critical part of a child’s overall development. Language encourages and supports a child’s ability to communicate. Through language, a child is able to understand and define his or her’s feelings and emotions. It also introduces the steps to thinking critically as well as problem-solving, building and maintaining relationships. Learning a language from a social perspective is important because it gives the child the opportunity to interact with others and the environment.
ADVANTAGES OF LEARNING A FOREIGN LANGUAGE Language is a communication way which helps us to express our thoughts and emotions. Maybe language is the most important thing for all living creatures. With the help of the language we can express our observations, thoughts, emotions and needs. For example, we can talk about the things we see and describe them and we can talk about what we think or what we like. As an another example we can talk about how we feel or what we want from someone else.